of St. Mark's finished.
|1094 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||542/543 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1637/38 (southern Buddhism); 1636/37 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||456/457 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||472/473 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||486/487 (January 20/21)|
|Jewish calendar||4854/55 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1404/05 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1405/06 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1150/51 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Duncan II , son of the penultimate Scottish king Malcolm III. In May, with the help of English troops, the jointly reigning Kings Donald III. , his uncle, and Edmund , his half-brother. However, Duncan was only in power for a few months when he was killed on November 12 in the Battle of Monthechin . Donald and Edmund then take control of Scotland together again . Donald rules the northern part of the empire, Edmund rules the southern part.
- June 4th : During the siege of Huesca , which is owned by the Taifa Kingdom of Saragossa under Ahmad II. Al-Musta'in , King Sancho I of Aragon is killed by the arrow of a Moorish archer. His son Peter I becomes the new ruler. The siege lasted another two years.
- An Almoravid army under Sir ibn Abi Bakr recaptured Badajoz and Lisbon .
- June 15th : Reconquista : Valencia , captured by the Islamic Almoravids , is recaptured by El Cid . The Almoravids land near Cuarte with an army from Morocco and besiege Valencia with 50,000 men. El Cid breaks the siege ring and drives the Berbers to flight. Until his death five years later, he held the region for the Christian kingdom of Castile .
- October 16 : The Autun Synod of Bishops excommunicated King Philip I of France for breaking two marriages. He was not divorced from his first wife Bertha von Holland , but married Bertrada von Montfort, who was kidnapped and married , in 1092 .
North Africa and Middle East
- Abu l-Abbas Ahmad al-Mustazhir bi-llah becomes the 28th Abbasid Caliph . He follows his late father al-Muqtadi and, like his predecessors, has been under the rule of the Seljuks since al-Qaim and is politically completely powerless.
- After the death of Badr al-Jamali , his son al-Afdal Shahanshah takes over the reign of the Fatimids as vizier . When Caliph al-Mustansir dies a little later , al-Afdal Shahanshah enforces his younger son Ahmad al-Mustaʿl as the new caliph . Since his older brother Nizār ibn al-Mustansir , who is entitled to inherit , is thereby passed over, power struggles arise among the Fatimids. The Shiite Ismailis split into Nizarites / Assassins and Musta'lis.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Berg (Schussental) , Blansingen , Horgenzell , Immenstaad on Lake Constance , Mötzingen , Orsingen , Tautenhofen and Zagreb
- The Portuguese municipality of Alvarenga is mentioned in a document for the first time.
Religion and culture
- After 118 years of construction is in Venice of St. Mark's finished.
- Foundation of the Vornbach am Inn monastery
- Founding of the Benedictine abbey Gottesaue by the Counts of Henneberg
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abd al-Mumin , first caliph of the Almohads († 1163 )
- Richard d'Avranches , 2nd Earl of Chester († 1120 )
- Richard FitzGilbert de Clare , English nobleman († 1136 )
Born around 1094
- Petrus Venerabilis , Abbot of Cluny, theologian and monastery reformer († 1156 )
- Malachias , Archbishop of Armagh († 1148 )
Date of death secured
- March 24th : Judith von Flanders , Countess of Northumbria and Duchess of Bavaria (* around 1030 )
- June 4th : Sancho I , King of Aragon (* around 1042 )
- July 27 : Roger II. De Montgommery , Norman nobleman, Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury (* around 1005 )
- September / October: Tarkan Chatun , regent of the Seljuk Empire
- October 15 : Bertha of Holland , Queen of France (* around 1055 )
- November 12th : Duncan II , King of Scotland (* 1060 )
- November 29th : Roger de Beaumont , Norman nobleman
- November: Mahmud I , Sultan of the Great Seljuks
- December 23rd : Hugo I of Le Puiset , Lord of Le Puiset and Vice-Count of Chartres
- December 29 : Al-Mustansir , Caliph of the Fatimids (* 1029 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Abdullah Al-Bakri , Spanish-Arab geographer and historian (* 1014 )
- Badr al-Jamali , Regent of the Fatimids
- Chen Jingyuan , Chinese Daoist and scholar (* around 1024 )
- Wulfnoth Godwinson , English nobleman (* 1035 )
- Hildegard von Egisheim , Countess Palatinate in Breisgau and Countess in Riesgau
- Wilhelm IV. , Count of Toulouse and Margrave of Provence (* around 1040 )