siege of Antioch ends with the capture of the city
by the army of the first crusade .
|1098 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||546/547 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1641/42 (southern Buddhism); 1640/41 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||460/461 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||476/477 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||491/492 (November 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||4858/59 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1408/09 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1409/10 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1154/55 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- February 8 : During the First Crusade , the childless Thoros , Armenian ruler of Edessa , adopts Baldwin of Boulogne as his son and successor.
- March 7th : Because of the ongoing Seljuk raids on the area around Edessa, the Armenian population revolt against Thoros. This is abandoned by his troops and locked in his palace. Baldwin does not help him, but advises him to surrender. Thoros offers to resign against safe conduct, which the insurgents refuse. Two days later, Thoros is murdered while trying to escape the palace. To what extent Baldwin is responsible for the murder is unclear.
- March 10 : Baldwin of Boulogne is proclaimed the first Count of the County of Edessa and thus founds the first Crusader state .
- June 3rd : The siege of Antioch ends with the conquest and sacking of the city by the army of the first crusade .
- June 28th : The army of the first crusade routs its Saracen besiegers in the battle of Antioch.
- December 12th : In the First Crusade , crusaders conquer the city of Maarat an-Numan, southeast of Antioch . The residents are massacred. Famine leads to cases of cannibalism .
Further events in the "Holy Land"
- around 1098: King Magnus III. of Norway conquered the Orkney Islands , the Hebrides and the Isle of Man .
First documentary mentions
- Blieskastel is mentioned for the first time in a document
Dissatisfied with what he saw as the lax way of life of the Benedictines , the seventy-year-old Robert von Molesme founded a monastery community on March 21, with the support of Duke Odo I of Burgundy and around twenty other monks, including Stephan Harding , in the middle of a reed-covered wetland . who wants to return to literal observance of the Benedictine Rule . He founds the ancestral monastery of the order of the Cistercians in Cîteaux .
- In Santo Domingo de la Calzada begins under King Alfonso VI. of León the construction of the first Romanesque church .
- Burchard von Holte becomes Bishop of Munster
Exact date of birth unknown
- Spring: Wibald von Stablo , influential Benedictine abbot († 1158 )
- around the summer: Hildegard von Bingen , mystic; Author of theological and medical works; Composer of sacred songs († 1179 )
- Hedwig von Gudensberg , Countess of Gudensberg († 1148 )
- Magnús Einarsson , Bishop of Skálholt in southern Iceland († 1148 )
Born around 1098
- Arnold II von Wied , Archbishop of Cologne († 1156 )
- Konrad I. , Count of Wettin, Margrave of Meißen and Lausitz, participant in the Wendenkreuzzug († 1157 )
- Pons , Count of Tripoli († 1137 )
Date of death secured
- March 9th : Thoros , ruler of Edessa
- April 28th : Meginward , Bishop of Freising
- June 3 : Yaghi-Siyan , Seljuk governor of Antioch during the First Crusade
- August 1st : Adhemar de Monteil , Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay, a key figure in the First Crusade
- November 22nd : Domnall Ua hÉnna , Bishop of Munster and founder of the reform movement in the Irish Church
Exact date of death unknown
- Baldwin II , Count of Hainaut, participant in the First Crusade
- Cosmas , Bishop of Prague
- Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury , English nobleman
- Picot de Sai , Norman nobleman
- Robert I. de Craon , progenitor of the Craon family (* around 1023 )
- Wilhelm I , Count of Nevers