|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Saarpfalz district|
|Height :||218 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||108.24 km 2|
|Residents:||20,470 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||189 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||66440|
|Primaries :||06842, 06844, 06803|
|License plate :||HOM|
|Community key :||10 0 45 112|
|LOCODE :||DE BPL|
|City structure:||15 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Bernd Hertzler ( SPD )|
|Location of the town of Blieskastel in the Saarpfalz district|
Blieskastel ([ bliːsˈkastl̩ ], ) is a town in the Saarpfalz district in Saarland , Germany . It is located about 15 km southwest of the district town of Homburg and 25 km east of the state capital Saarbrücken . Blieskastel has a unique urban complex in Saarland and is characterized by its baroque architecture.
Blieskastel is the main town in the Bliesgau and is located in the center of the Bliesgau Biosphere Reserve . The city borders on the cities of Homburg, St. Ingbert , Zweibrücken and Hornbach , the municipalities of Gersheim , Kirkel and Mandelbachtal and the French department of Moselle . The Blies flows through Blieskastel . The districts of Niederwürzbach, Lautzkirchen and Alschbach are located in the Sankt Ingbert-Kirkeler forest area .
The annual precipitation is 835 mm and is therefore in the upper third of the values recorded by the measuring points of the German Weather Service . 70% indicate lower values. The driest month is April; it rains most in December. In the wettest month, about 1.5 times more rain falls than in the driest month. The seasonal fluctuations in precipitation are in the lower tenth. In only 3% of all places, the monthly precipitation fluctuates less.
The urban area covers an area of 108.27 square kilometers.
The urban area is used as follows:
- 7.2% settlement area,
- 4.2% traffic area,
- 59.8% agricultural land,
- 26.6% forest area
The city of Blieskastel consists of Blieskastel-Mitte and 14 districts. According to the alphabet, these are Altheim , Aßweiler , Ballweiler , Bierbach an der Blies , Biesingen , Blickweiler , Böckweiler , Breitfurt , Brenschelbach , Mimbach , Niederwürzbach , Pinningen , Webenheim and Wolfersheim .
The Blieskastel-Mitte district is divided into the inner city of Blieskastel, Alschbach and Lautzkirchen . The Brenschelbach district is divided into Brenschelbach, Brenschelbach-Bahnhof and Riesweiler. The Wecklingen district belongs to the Ballweiler district and the Seelbach district belongs to the Niederwürzbach district .
Population figures as of December 31, 2019:
|Bierbach on the Blies||Bierbach||1696|
|Brenschelbach train station||Brenschelbach|
The former Blieskastel Castle was the seat of the Counts of Blieskastel, who died out in 1237. The daughter of the last count, Elisabeth, founded the Gräfinthal monastery in Gräfinthal in 1234 . Castle and rule came to the Counts of Salm , then in 1284 to Bishop Burkhard von Metz , who transferred them to von Finstingen. Since 1337 Blieskastel belonged to Kurtrier . The Counts of Veldenz are also mentioned among the Trier officials . In 1440, the Trier Elector Jakob I handed over half of the county and the "Hungericht" to the knight Friedrich von Loewenstein. In 1522 the castle was destroyed by Franz von Sickingen in his feud with the Elector of Trier. In 1553 the reign of Blieskastel was pledged to the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken . In the Thirty Years' War Blieskastel was depopulated.
Around 1660, the imperial barons von der Leyen , who had owned property in Blieskastel since 1456, acquired the Electoral Trier office of Blieskastel and built a new castle in 1661–1676 on the site of the old castle . Blieskastel experienced a new boom under the Count von der Leyen in the 18th century, when they moved their residence from Koblenz to Blieskastel in 1773 and expanded the Blieskastel area into a residential town. A cultural center was established in Blieskastel under Countess Marianne von der Leyen , a born baroness von Dalberg . Lively building activity developed. The residential palace was further expanded and a number of excellent palaces and mansions for the court officials of the small residence were built on the Schlossberg, including the so-called "Schlößchen", which is attributed to the Zweibrücken building director and architect Christian Ludwig Hautt . Other master builders also worked, such as AGF Guillemard, Matthias Weysser, Peter Reheis and the master carpenter Franz Schmitt. During this time the former Franciscan monastery church , the former orphanage and the government building were built.
With the French Revolution , the von der Leyen were expelled in 1793 and their residential palace plundered and subsequently destroyed. The remains were removed in 1802. In 1795, Blieskastel, like the entire area on the left bank of the Rhine , came under French government and in 1798 became the capital of the canton of Blieskastel in the Saar department .
With the defeat of France in 1814, the area to the left of the Rhine that belonged to France initially became part of the Central Rhine General Government . The canton of Blieskastel had been under the joint Austrian-Bavarian State Administration Commission since 1814 . On April 14, 1816, Austria and Bavaria closed a compensation deal, after which the Rhine district, later Palatinate (Bavaria) , was allocated to the Kingdom of Bavaria . As a result, the canton of Blieskastel was placed under the district directorate of Zweibrücken on May 1, 1816 and in 1818 came to the state commissioner in Zweibrücken , and in 1902 to the newly formed district office of St. Ingbert .
From 1920 to 1935 Blieskastel belonged to the Saar area , which was placed under French administration for 15 years with a mandate from the League of Nations. During the Nazi era, Blieskastel was ruled from Saarbrücken, until 1935 as part of Pfalz-Saar, until 1940 as part of Saarpfalz and until the end of the war together with Lorraine as "Westmark". After the Second World War , the city of Blieskastel was initially in the French zone of occupation and from 1947 to 1956 in the (partially) autonomous Saarland , which became part of the Federal Republic of Germany as a federal state after the second Saar Statute was rejected on January 1, 1957 .
In the course of a territorial and administrative reform with effect from January 1, 1974, Blieskastel, which until then belonged to the district of Sankt Ingbert , became part of the newly created Saar-Pfalz-Kreis (today Saarpfalz-Kreis ). At the same time, the city of Blieskastel was expanded to include surrounding communities.
Blieskastel has been a state-approved Kneipp spa since 1978.
The first documentary mention in 1098 is Gottfried, comes de Castele . The old name Castel or Kastel is still popular. The river Blies provided the defining word for the place name. In the neo-Latin writings of the 18th century, the name Bliescastel was reproduced as castellum ad Blesam (fort on the Blies). Until January 24, 1904, Blieskastel was led under the spelling Bliescastel . With Kastel disease, the residents of the surrounding area tease the idleness of the Kastel people .
In 1937 the communities of Alschbach and Lautzkirchen were incorporated. On February 1, 1974, the communities of Altheim, Aßweiler, Ballweiler, Bierbach, Biesingen, Blickweiler, Böckweiler, Breitfurt, Brenschelbach, Mimbach, Neualtheim, Niederwürzbach, Webenheim and Wolfersheim were incorporated.
|Party / list||Election 2019||Election 2014||Election 2009|
|proportion of||Seats||proportion of||Seats||proportion of||Seats|
Since the local elections in 2019, the SPD and the Greens have formed a cooperation in the city council.
- 1945–1956: Alfons Dawo ( CVP , CDU)
- 1956–1963: Richard Buchheit (CDU)
- 1964–1987: Hermann Gehring (CDU)
- 1987-2005: Werner Moschel (SPD)
- 2005–2019: Annelie Faber-Wegener (CDU)
- since 2019: Bernd Hertzler (SPD)
In the direct election of the mayor on April 10, 2005, Annelie Faber-Wegener (CDU) prevailed with 51.8% of the votes cast against incumbent Moschel (SPD), who accounted for 48.2%. In the run-off election for the mayor on September 16, 2012, Faber-Wegener was re-elected with 58.9%. Bernd Hertzler (SPD) won the mayor's runoff election on June 9, 2019 with 68.7%. Incumbent Faber-Wegener (CDU) accounted for 31.3%.
- 2009–2019: First Alderman Georg Wilhelm (CDU), Alderman Brigitte Adamek-Rinderle (Greens)
- since 2019: First Alderman Lisa Becker (Greens), Alderman Guido Freidinger (SPD)
coat of arms
The coat of arms is described as follows: Standing in silver on green ground, Saint Sebastian, tied to a green tree, clad with a golden loincloth and pierced by golden arrows, in natural colors and with golden hair. It was approved on June 3, 1983.
Culture and sights
The historic town center with the Blieskastel town hall (built in the 18th century as an upper office and orphanage), the Hercules fountain from 1691 and the Napoleon fountain ("snake fountain ") from 1804 is shaped by the Baroque era , from which the court council houses on Schlossberg also originate . Of these court council houses, the so-called “Schlößchen” from 1776/77, which is considered the work of the Zweibrücken building director Christian Ludwig Hautt , is particularly worth seeing . The Alt-Blieskastel ensemble comprises a total of 133 individual monuments and a further 65 buildings under ensemble protection . The city lies on the Baroque Street Saar-Palatinate .
The castle once stood above the town, most of which was destroyed during the French Revolution . The original twelve-axis long building ("orangery") built in the 17th century has been preserved. The building was restored from 1982 to 1986 and is used for lectures, exhibitions and concerts.
To the west, above the former palace complex, is the former monastery church of the Franciscan recollects and today's Catholic parish church , which was built from 1776 to 1778 and which took on the role of a "castle church" from 1778 to 1793 and is also known colloquially today. The plan of the church is from a Franciscan master builder named Minder, the construction was directed by the Count's building inspector Peter Reheis.
In the Holy Cross Chapel at the pilgrimage monastery, the miraculous image of Our Lady with the Arrows has been located since 1827 , which was transferred from Gräfinthal to Blieskastel in 1786 . This miraculous image is a unique Pietà (Vespers image) from the 14th century, in which five iron, medieval arrowheads are stuck. According to legendary tradition, the arrows were shot in by wicked people. The chapel, in which a cross relic was originally venerated, dates from 1682/83.
A neo-baroque Protestant church from 1912 stands on a southern hill .
Since April 2012 Blieskastel has been a member of Cittaslow , a worldwide association of cities founded in Italy in 1999, which is committed to healthy, enjoyable food made from local products, the sustainable strengthening of regional culture, hospitality, a gentle and humane development of the infrastructure, the preservation the landscape and active environmental protection.
The clock museum "La Pendule" in Blieskastel mainly exhibits clocks from the Baroque period from the end of the 17th to the 20th century.
Blieskastel is the hometown of the former Bundesliga handball team TV Niederwürzbach . However, the club did not play its home games in Niederwürzbach , but in the sports center of Homburg-Erbach . In addition, the fistball department of TV Blickweiler played in the fistball Bundesliga in the indoor season 80/81 . The local soccer club Sc Blieskastel-Lautzkirchen ev. Was founded in 1893 and the first team of SC Blieskastel-Lautzkirchen plays in the Saarland Regional League East.
- Trofeo of the municipality of Gersheim : the city is a partner of this junior world cup cycling race, which takes place annually on the weekend after Corpus Christi .
- June: until 2017 Blieskastel Old Town Festival
- July: Webenheimer Bauernfest , one of the largest folk festivals in Saarland
- July: Saarpfälzische Sommerakademie , courses of the Freie Kunstschule Saarpfalz in the orangery and its surroundings
- August: from 2018 Old Town Festival Franz
- September: Cittaslow Market
- October: Oktoberfest Blieskastel
Economy and Infrastructure
Since the timetable change on May 23, 1991, the main town of Blieskastel has no longer had any rail passenger traffic . The Bliestalbahn from Homburg ↔ Zweibrücken via Bierbach, Blieskastel to Reinheim was converted into a bicycle path over a length of almost 15 km at the end of the 1990s, which now extends to Saargemünd on the French side . From 1916 to 1945, Brenschelbach was the end point of the Hornbach Railway, which began in Zweibrücken .
The Landau – Rohrbach railway has a stop in the Lautzkirchen district, which is about 1.5 km from the former Blieskastel train station, a train station in the Niederwürzbach district and a train stop in the Bierbach district . There are various bus connections in all directions from the bus station:
|Homburg / Erbach - Wörschweiler - Bierbach - Blieskastel - Mimbach / Blickweiler - Breitfurt / Wolfersheim - Bliesdalheim - Gersheim - Reinheim - Habkirchen - Blieshaben-Bolchen - Bliesransbach - Kleinblittersdorf||60 min.|
|Saarbrücken - Schafbrücke - Scheidt - Rentrisch - St. Ingbert - Rohrbach - Niederwürzbach - Alschbach - Blieskastel - Mimbach||60 min.|
|Homburg - Wörschweiler - Bierbach - Blieskastel - Biesingen - Aßweiler - Ormesheim - Wittersheim - Bebelsheim - Blieshaben-Bolchen - Bliesransbach - Kleinblittersdorf||120 min.|
|City traffic Blieskastel (Dolmusch)||60 min.|
|City traffic Blieskastel (Dolmusch)||60 min.|
|City traffic Blieskastel (Dolmusch)||irregular|
|St. Ingbert / Neunkirchen - Kirkel - Lautzkirchen - Blieskastel||60 min.|
|Blieskastel - Einöd - Zweibrücken / Niederauerbach||irregular|
|Blieskastel - Böckweiler - Altheim - Pinningen - Medelsheim - Peppenkum - Utweiler - Riesweiler / Brenschelbach||60 min.|
|Saarbrücken - Fechingen - Ensheim - Saarbrücken Airport - Heckendalheim - Ommersheim - Aßweiler - Ballweiler - Blickweiler - Blieskastel||60 min.|
|Homburg - Wörschweiler - Bierbach - Blieskastel - Biesingen - Aßweiler - Ormesheim - Habkirchen - Wittersheim - Bebelsheim - Blieshaben-Bolchen - Bliesransbach - Saarland Therme - Kleinblittersdorf||120 min.|
The federal highway 423 runs through the city area. Coming from France and Mandelbachtal , it crosses Aßweiler and Biesingen, leads from the plateau down to Blieskastel, crosses the Blies and continues through the district of Webenheim to the federal motorway 8 and to Einöd .
Other important roads are:
- L 101: from Mittelbach-Hengstbach via Altheim to Peppenkum
- L 102: from the border with Lorraine at the Brenschelbach-Bahnhof settlement via Brenschelbach and Riesweiler to Peppenkum
- L 103: from the L 105 between Mimbach and Breitfurt via Böckweiler and Altheim to the L 102 near Brenschelbach
- L 105: from the B 423 in Webenheim via Mimbach, Breitfurt to Gersheim
- L 111: from St. Ingbert and Hassel via Niederwürzbach, Lautzkirchen and Bierbach to Wörschweiler and Schwarzenacker (there connection to the B 423)
- L 113: from the B 423 in the center of Blieskastel via Lautzkirchen to Kirkel (via the L 119 connection to the federal motorway 6 )
Blieskastel is an important school location beyond the region. In addition to nine primary schools, there is the Von der Leyen Gymnasium , a community school (Geschwister-Scholl-Schule) and a special school (Franz-Carl-Schule) for students with learning disabilities.
- Marianne von der Leyen (1745-1804) was regent in Blieskastel from 1775 to 1793. Her remains have been resting in the castle church of Blieskastel since 1981
- Johannes Groh (1786–1857), Catholic priest, seminar rain and cathedral capitular in the Diocese of Speyer
- David Oppenheimer (1834–1897), German entrepreneur and Mayor of Vancouver, Canada
- Carl Johann Becker-Gundahl (1856–1925), German church painter and draftsman
- Georg Waltenberger (1865–1961), painter
- Karl Eberle (1869–1950), MP (SPD) in the Prussian state parliament
- August Bruch (1874–1938), MP ( BVP ) in the Bavarian state parliament
- Adolf Niedhammer (1878–1964), administrative lawyer, district administrator, district administrator
- Emil Heim (1887–1967), Acting Mayor of Saarbrücken
- Joseph Wendel (1901–1960), cardinal (since 1953), Bishop of Speyer, Archbishop of Munich and Freising
- Fred Oberhauser (1923–2016), literary critic
- Gerhard Knauss (1928–2020), philosopher
- Kerstin Rech (* 1962), literary writer (crime thriller, radio play, plays)
- Marc Ziegler (* 1976), professional soccer goalkeeper
- Benedikt Maria Trappen (* 1961), teacher, author; lived in Blieskastel 1964–1984
- Hans Dahlem, Fred Oberhauser: Blieskastel , Saarbrücken 1982. ISBN 3-921646-52-9
- Blieskastel formerly: old photos . Saarbrücker Druckerei u. Verlag, Saarbrücken 1983, ISBN 3-921646-58-8 , p. 104 .
- Michael Lamla, Gertraud Lamla: The Franciscan Monastery Blieskastel: 1775–1802 . Verlag Die Mitte, Saarbrücken 1994, ISBN 3-921236-71-1 .
- Wolfgang Laufer: New research on the early architectural history of the Blieskasteler Schloss (17th century), in: Saarpfalz - Blätter für Geschichte und Volkskunde 2002/2, pp. 5–59.
- Wolfgang Laufer: Munizipalisierung und Reunionsgesuch, Die von der Leyensche Residenz und Herrschaft Blieskastel in the first years of the French Revolution, in: Jahrbuch für Westdeutsche Landesgeschichte 35 (2009), pp. 325–374.
- Karl Legrum: The Counts von der Leyen and the Blieskastel Office, exhibition catalog, Blieskastel 1991.
- Annemarie Neumar: Blieskastel: Pictures of the city and its people . Ed .: Annemarie and Franz Neumar. Blieskastel.
- Michael H. Schmitt: The Blies: designer of a landscape . Gollenstein Verlag, Blieskastel 2005, ISBN 3-935731-79-5 .
- Vonhof-Habermayr, Margit: The Blieskastel Castle. A work of secular Capuchin architecture in the service of Elector Karl Kaspar von der Leyen (1652–1676) of Trier (= publications by the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland . Volume 37 ). Saarbrücken 1996, ISBN 3-923877-37-4 , p. 322 .
- Thomas Strauch: The myth about the Vesper picture by Blieskastel , in the yearbook for the miners' calendar 2008, pages 177–182. Published by Deutsche Steinkohle AG.
- Friedrich Toepfer: Supplements II. The Counts of Castel . In: ders. (Ed.): Document book for the history of the royal and baronial house of the Voegte von Hunolstein , Vol. I. Jacob Zeiser, Nuremberg 1866, pp. 291–304 ( Google Books )
- Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
- netmedianer GmbH: Blieskastel | Saarpfalz district. Retrieved June 18, 2018 .
- Blieskasteler Nachrichten, January 17, 2020 - Population statistics
- City of Blieskastel: On the history of Blieskastel. Retrieved December 24, 2018 .
- The former "Schlößchen"
- Blieskastel . Website of the Association of German Spas and Health Resorts. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Blieskastel: recognized Kneipp health resort in Saarland ( memento from September 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). Rhineland-Palatinate Tourism website. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 809 .
- City council elections Blieskastel 2019, preliminary result, May 27, 2019 1:18:23 am At: wahlresult.saarland.de, accessed on May 27, 2019
- Result of the runoff election of the mayor 16.09.2012. City of Blieskastel, September 16, 2012, accessed on December 21, 2017 .
- Official Journal of the Saarland
- Hans Josef Böker: Building history observations at the so-called Orangery at Blieskastel , in: 25./26. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments in Saarland , 1977/78, pp. 61–66.
- Franciscan Minorites take over Blieskastel Monastery. On: www.katholische-kirche.de
- New member of the Citta-Slow-Vereinigung On: www.blieskastel.de, accessed on April 30, 2012
- https://www.blieskastel.de/kultur-tourismus/uhrenmuseum-la-pendule/ On: www.blieskastel.de
- "La Pendule" clock museum. In: Blieskastel active. Retrieved March 11, 2018 .
- https://www.saarbruecker-zeitung.de/saarland/homburg/blieskastel/franz-soll-ein-fest-der-vielfalt-haben_aid-9356039 New old town festival in Blieskastel
- District Court Homburg - Blieskastel branch ( memento of April 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Information page of the District Court of Homburg, accessed on December 14, 2011