County of Veldenz

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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
County of Veldenz
coat of arms
Coat of arms Grafschaft Veldenz.svg DEU Pfalz-Veldenz COA.svg
Gft.en Sponheim, Veldenz and the Rheingft.  around 1400.png
Veldenz around 1400

Arose from Wild counts
Form of rule county
Ruler / government Count
Today's region / s DE-RP

Reichskreis Upper Rhine Empire Circle
Capitals / residences Veldenz , Meisenheim , Lützelstein , Lauterecken
Dynasties Veldenz
1270: Veldenz-Geroldseck
1444: Pfalz-Zweibrücken
1543: Pfalz-Veldenz
Denomination / Religions Catholic , Protestant since the 16th century
Language / n German

currency Veldenzer Thaler
Incorporated into 1798: France
1815: Rhine district , Saxe-Coburg

The County of Veldenz is a former county in what is now Rhineland-Palatinate . It lay partly between Kaiserslautern , Sponheim and Zweibrücken , partly on the Moselle in the ore monastery of Trier . The main town of the same name, Veldenz, is in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district , where Veldenz Castle was located. The Principality of Pfalz-Veldenz, newly founded in the 16th century, later also owned territory in what is now Alsace and Lorraine.


Lauterecken Castle , residence of Pfalz-Veldenz

The Counts of Veldenz were a branch of the wildgraves' family, from which they separated perhaps as early as 1112, but certainly not until 1134. When they died out in the male line in 1259, the county passed to the Lords of Geroldseck in 1271 . Heinrich von Geroldseck had married the heiress Agnes von Veldenz and founded the line Veldenz-Geroldseck. In 1387 the brothers Heinrich III. and Frederick II the possessions. Heinrich received the upper county with the center of Lichtenberg Castle , Friedrich the lower county with the Moschellandsburg . However, the brothers each kept a quarter of each brother's castle. Veldenz Castle and the city of Meisenheim remained jointly owned. In 1444 the county came through the marriage of Anna , the only heiress of Frederick III. von Veldenz, with Stefan von Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken to the Duchy of Pfalz-Zweibrücken .

In 1543 it was regulated by the Marburg Treaty that the uncle Duke Wolfgang von Zweibrücken , Ruprecht , should receive the county of Veldenz. From then on, the territory of the County of Veldenz was also referred to as the Principality of Pfalz-Veldenz . It should span four generations and last 151 years. His residence was Lauterecken (Kusel district), next to Remigiusberg (Kusel district), Veldenz on the Moselle and Lützelstein in Alsace. The tomb of the princely family is also located on the Remigiusberg.

Ruprecht died in 1544; his son Georg Hans married Anna Maria of Sweden , a daughter of Gustav I of Sweden , in 1563 . This established the close connection between the Wittelsbach family and the Swedish royal family Wasa , which was strengthened by another marriage ( Johann Kasimir von Pfalz-Zweibrücken married Katharina, a daughter of Charles IX of Sweden ) in the 17th century. In 1553, in the Heidelberg succession treaty, which regulated the mutual inheritance claims of all Wittelsbach lines , Wolfgang achieved that Pfalz-Veldenz was expanded to include the county of Lützelstein in Alsace . Georg Hans also founded Phalsbourg (Pfalzburg) in Alsace, which he later had to sell to Lorraine due to debts . Since the grandson of Georg Hans, Leopold Ludwig von Pfalz-Veldenz, died in 1694 without heirs entitled to inheritance, the Principality of Pfalz-Veldenz finally fell to Electoral Palatinate in 1733 after long disputes over inheritance.

Veldenz came to France in 1798 and belonged to the Saar department . At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the smaller part on the Moselle was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia , the other, larger part to the Kingdom of Bavaria .

Count of Veldenz

Veldenz Castle on the Open Monument Day 2005
Lützelstein Castle , residence of Pfalz-Veldenz
St. Remigius burial place near Kusel

Older line Veldenz

  • Emicho, Count of Kyrburg and Schmidburg (1086–1113)
  • Gerlach I. (1112–1146) ∞ Cäcilie, daughter of Ludwig "the Springer"
  • Gerlach II. (1146-1189)
  • Gerlach III. (1189–1214) ∞ Raugräfin
  • Gerlach IV. (1220–1240) ∞ Countess Beatrix
  • Gerlach V. (1254–1259) ∞ Elisabeth von Zweibrücken, daughter of Heinrich II. Von Zweibrücken
  • Heir daughter Agnes von Veldenz (1259–1270), brought the county of Veldenz to her husband Heinrich von Hohengeroldseck

Veldenz-Geroldseck line

  • Heinrich I von Hohengeroldseck (1270–1298) ∞ Agnes von Veldenz
  • Georg I (1298–1347) ∞ Agnes von Leiningen
  • Heinrich II. (1347–1378) ∞ Agnes von Sponheim
  • Henry III. (1378–1389) ∞ Loretta von Sponheim, received the upper county of Veldenz in the brotherhood in 1387
  • Friedrich II. (1378-1396), unmarried, received the lower county of Veldenz in the brotherhood in 1387
  • Heinrich IV. (1389–1393) ∞ Lisa von Katzenelnbogen
  • Friedrich III. (1393–1444) ∞ Margaret of Nassau

Pfalz-Zweibrücken line

Pfalz-Veldenz line

Also became known

coat of arms

see: Veldenzer Löwe

See also


Web links