Ruler (also potentate or regent ) or female ruler ( potentate, regent ) is a general term for the ruling head of a people , country or empire . Rulers titles are, for example, sultan , tsar , emperor , king , duke or general prince and monarch. Even dictators and other rulers are referred to as the ruler or regent and the time of their government exercise as a rule or reign (see rule ).
In the constitutional sense, the term is regent or regent (from the Latin regere "govern, direct, conduct") for the ruler of a monarchy needed the governance representative for a recognized legitimate exercise ruler (which is not capable of governing by illness or by adolescent or old age).
In the ruling houses ( dynasties ) of the European cultural area , the ruler's names were usually formed from their first names , followed by an ordinal number (e.g. Louis XIV. ).
In the tarot there are the two trump cards The Ruler (with the symbols scepter and orb) and The Ruler (a lush woman in a garden).
- Rulership virtues (ideal qualities of the ruler)
- Image of ruler (idealizing figure)
- Sovereign (general: holder of state power)
- List of composing rulers and other aristocrats
- Ruler. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- potentate. In: German dictionary . tape 13 , 1889 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- regent. In: German dictionary . tape 14 , 1893 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Ruler. Potentate. Regent. In: Johann Christoph Adelung : Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect. 2nd, increased and improved edition. Leipzig 1793-1801.
↑ a b Duden editorial team , all accessed on June 16, 2019: Ruler: “someone who rules (1), who has power; Ruler, Regent ”. Ruler: "female form to ruler". Portentat: “ Rulers ; Ruler". Portentatin: "feminine form of potentate". Regent: "1. ruling prince, monarch, crowned ruler / 2. [constitutional] representative of a minor, incapable of governing, absent monarch, ruler ”. Regentin: "feminine form of regent".