Ruler (also potentate or regent ) or female ruler ( potentate, regent ) is a general term for the ruling head of a people , country or empire . Rulers titles are, for example, sultan , tsar , emperor , king , duke or general prince and monarch. Even dictators and other rulers are referred to as the ruler or regent and the time of their government exercise as a rule or reign (see rule ).
In the constitutional sense, the term is regent or regent (from the Latin regere "govern, direct, conduct") for the ruler of a monarchy needed the governance representative for a recognized legitimate exercise ruler (which is not capable of governing by illness or by adolescent or old age).
- Rulership virtues (ideal qualities of the ruler)
- Image of ruler (idealizing figure)
- Sovereign (general: holder of state power)
- List of composing rulers and other aristocrats
- Ruler. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- potentate. In: German dictionary . tape 13 , 1889 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- regent. In: German dictionary . tape 14 , 1893 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Ruler. Potentate. Regent. In: Johann Christoph Adelung : Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect. 2nd, increased and improved edition. Leipzig 1793-1801.
Duden editorial team , all accessed on June 16, 2019: Ruler: “someone who rules (1), who has power; Ruler, Regent ”. Ruler: "female form to ruler". Portentat: “ Rulers ; Ruler". Portentatin: "feminine form of potentate". Regent: "1. ruling prince, monarch, crowned ruler / 2. [constitutional] representative of a minor, incapable of governing, absent monarch, ruler ”. Regentin: "feminine form of regent".