List of composing rulers
This list of composing rulers or other composing aristocrats includes those people who, in addition to their actual position as monarch, sovereign or member of a ruling house or the high aristocracy, performed in the field of musical composition .
The list is structured according to centuries (possibly the one in which the person was primarily active as a composer).
Until the 15th century
- Nero , Roman emperor
- Hugo of Montfort
- Is considered the last representative of German minstrels .
- Carlo Gesualdo , Prince of Venosa:
- v. a. sacred works, including the responsories to the liturgy of the cartage and motets, as well as six books with madrigals (a seventh is missing). At the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque, the style always being committed to the vocal polyphony of the 16th century. It is characterized by the frequent use of chromatics and unexpected key changes for the purpose of vividly interpreting the text.
- Henry VIII , King of England :
- Among his compositions were v. a. Masses (lost), ballads, instrumental music (audio sample: Consort IV)
- Ferdinand III. , Roman-German Emperor:
- v. a. sacred vocal music.
- Leopold I , Roman-German Emperor (son of the previous one) :
Probably the most enthusiastic about music among the Habsburg rulers. He left behind over 230 works in a high-quality baroque style (some of them only drafts that were carried out by his court composers) - Regina Coeli (audio sample)
- Paul I. Prince Esterházy , (Pal) 1. Prince Estherhazy. Harmonia Caelesti scores in Choral Wiki
- Moritz , Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel:
- Although a talented composer himself (including psalms and Magnificat settings as well as a collection of “Padovans and Gagliards for all sorts of instruments” ), his musical fame is certainly due to a. in his sponsorship of Heinrich Schütz .
- Johann Anton Count Losy von Losinthal , Privy Councilor and Chamberlain:
- One of the most famous lutenists of his time, the v. a. Composed compositions for his instrument. (Audio sample: Suite III in A minor)
- Joseph I , Roman-German Emperor (son of Leopold I) : Regina Coeli (audio sample) (wav file, 1.1 MB)
- Charles VI , Roman-German Emperor (son of Leopold I) : composed by his teacher Johann Joseph Fux, stylistically influenced mainly by sacred music (Miserere, several masses).
- Johann Ernst Prince of Saxe-Weimar (1696–1715)
- Student with Johann Gottfried Walther . Wrote concerti in the Italian style. Some of them were arranged for organ by Johann Sebastian Bach (as BWV 592, 592a, 595).
- Friedrich II. , King of Prussia:
- His numerous compositions include: 4 concertos for flute, strings and BC, 121 sonatas for flute and BC, 4 symphonies and various marches, etc. a .: Marche de SM le Roy de Prusse ("Mollwitzer March"), Hohenfriedberger March, Air des Houlans ou Marche du roi de Prusse.
- Wilhelmine von Bayreuth (1709–1758), Princess of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (sister of Friedrich II.) :
- talented lute player, composed the opera "Argenore" (UA 1740)
- Amalie of Prussia , Princess of Prussia (youngest sister of Frederick II) :
- Composition and counterpoint lessons with Johann Philipp Kirnberger . Her compositions included cantatas and chorales as well as marches .
- Maximilian III Joseph (Bavaria)
- Louis IX , Landgrave of Hessen-Darmstadt :
- Composed the almost unimaginable number of approx. 92,000 (sic!) Military marches. Louis IX was therefore referred to by his scoffers as the "Holy Roman Empire ore tambour" .
- Liliʻuokalani , Queen of Hawaii:
- Composed over 100 songs, including "Aloha ʻOe" .
- Archduke Rudolf of Austria-Tuscany , Cardinal and Archbishop of Olomouc :
- Composed by v. a. Chamber music. Student and important sponsor of Ludwig van Beethoven .
- Louis Ferdinand Prince of Prussia (nephew of Frederick II) :
- Composed piano and chamber music
- Prince Anton Heinrich (Antoni Henryk) Radziwiłł , Duke of Nieśwież and Ołyka:
- His most important composition is the setting of Goethe's Faust; he also created v. a. Vocal compositions.
- Ernst von Schwarzenberg , Bishop of Raab (Győr):
- His work includes sacred and secular compositions for 4 voices and orchestra, solo songs with piano accompaniment, orchestral arias, piano works.
- Pupil of Heinrich von Herzogenberg , wrote a. a. 6 symphonies and chamber music.
- ↑ Consort IV (midi) tudors.crispen.org. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Regina Coeli (WAV) Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- ↑ Suite . classtab.org. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2019.