Union of Communists of Yugoslavia

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Union of Communists of Yugoslavia

Savez komunista Jugoslavije
Савез комуниста Југославије
Zveza komunistov Jugoslavije

Сојуз на комунистите на Југославија
Lidhja Komuniste e
Jugosllavisë Jugoszláv Kommunista Szövetség
Lega dei Comunisti di Jugoslavia
Logo of the communists of Kosovo
founding 1919
Place of foundation Vukovar , Yugoslavia
resolution 1990
Headquarters Ušće Tower (1965–1990), Belgrade
newspaper Borba
Alignment Communism
Marxism , Leninism
Colours) red

The Union of Communists of Yugoslavia , or BdKJ for short ( Serbo-Croatian Savez komunista Jugoslavije , SKJ) was the ruling party in Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1991 . Until 1952 it was called the Communist Party of Yugoslavia , or KPJ for short.

Party flag of the BdKJ (Serbo-Croatian version) with the inscription " Proletarians of all countries, unite!"


Delegates of the second congress of the CPY in Vukovar (1920)

The Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPJ) was founded in 1919. In the first elections in the newly formed Kingdom of Yugoslavia , the communists achieved a surprisingly good result, although the party still had hardly any organizational structures. In 1921 the KPJ was banned as an anti-state organization. The barely 1000 members acted out of illegality until the Second World War , without being able to gain any major influence on the population. Party congresses took place abroad during this time (1922, 1923 and 1926 in Vienna , 1928 in Dresden ). Within the party, this time was marked by bitter struggles between various communist currents.

During the Second World War, from around 1942 onwards, the CPJ took the lead within the Yugoslav partisan movement, and the Communist People's Liberation Army was the strongest force in the fight against the German and Italian occupiers. In 1944/45 the communists took power and transformed Yugoslavia into a one-party state.

During the Seventh Party Congress in 1952, when the formal departure from Stalinism was carried out under Tito , the party was also given its new name, the League of Communists , which was intended to express the federal state structure of socialist Yugoslavia on behalf of the ruling party. Until 1952 the party was called the Communist Party of Yugoslavia ( serbokroat. Komunistička partija Jugoslavije , Macedon. Komunistička partija na Jugoslavija , Slovene. Komunistična partija Jugoslavije ).

During the 14th Congress of the Union of Communists of Yugoslavia (January 20-22, 1990) the union broke up.

The BdKJ in the Yugoslav republics

In 1952, appropriate parties were founded for each republic:


Josip Broz Tito headed the party from 1937 until his death in 1980, initially as General Secretary, from 1963 as President of the Presidium of the BdKJ. As early as October 1978, incumbent presidents took over this office for one year because of Tito's health. After Tito's death this system of annual rotation was retained.

Politburo of the CPJ as well as the Executive Committee and Presidium of the BdKJ

5th Party Congress (July 21-28, 1948)

VI. Party Congress (November 2-7, 1952)

Executive Committee (members): Josip Broz Tito (General Secretary of the Executive Committee), Edvard Kardelj , Milovan Đilas (until January 17, 1954), Aleksandar Ranković , Ivan Gošnjak , Moša Pijade (until March 15, 1957), Boris Kidrič (until April 11 1953), Franc Leškovšek , Vladimir Bakarić , Đuro Pucar , Lazar Koliševski , Svetozar Vukmanović-Tempo , Petar Stambolić (from 1954), Miha Marinko (from 1955), Blažo Jovanović (from 1955).

VII Party Congress (April 22-26, 1958)

VIII Party Congress (December 1964)

Plenum of the Central Committee (October 4, 1966)

IX. Party Congress (March 11-16, 1969)

Xth Party Congress (May 27-30, 1974)

XI. Party Congress (June 20-23, 1978)

XII. Party Congress (June 26-29, 1982)

XIII. Party Congress (June 25-28, 1986)

XIV Party Congress (January 20-22, 1990)

During the XIV Congress of the Union of Communists of Yugoslavia (January 20-22, 1990), the union broke up.


Secondary literature

Individual aspects

  • Othmar Nikola Haberl: The emancipation of the CP of Yugoslavia from the control of the Comintern / CPSU. (= Studies on contemporary studies in Southeastern Europe. 8) , 1974
  • Dejan Jovic: The breakdown of elite ideological consensus. The prelude to the disintegration of Yugoslavia (1974-1990). 1999.
  • Harold Lydall: Yugoslav socialism. Theory and Practice. 1984, ISBN 0-19-828481-0 .
  • Pierre Maurer: The Tito-Stalin split in historical perspective (= Bradford studies on Yugoslavia. 11). Bradford 1987.
  • Kosta Nikolic: Komunisti u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji. Od socijal-Demokratie do staljinizma. Beograd 2000.
  • Richard West: Tito and the rise and fall of Yugoslavia. London 1996, ISBN 1-85619-741-7 .
  • Fred Warner Neal: The Communist Party of Yugoslavia. In: The American Political Science Review. Vol. 51.1957, pp. 88-111.


  • Program of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Beograd 1948.
  • Statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in regard to the resolution of the Information Bureau of Communist Parties on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, ed. v .: Savez komunista Jugoslavije. Centralni comites. [Beograd] 1948

Web links

Commons : Union of Communists of Yugoslavia  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files