District of Sankt Ingbert
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1973)|
|Administrative headquarters :||St. Ingbert|
|Area :||206.91 km 2|
|Residents:||81,700 (Dec. 31, 1972)|
|Population density :||395 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||ITUC|
|Circle key :||10 0 36|
|Circle structure:||27 municipalities|
|Location of the district of Sankt Ingbert in Saarland|
The district of Sankt Ingbert was a district in Saarland . 19 mayor's offices with 27 municipalities belonged to the district, seven of which were combined into offices. These included the two cities of St. Ingbert and Blieskastel . The district was founded in 1902 as the Bavarian district office of Sankt Ingbert .
The district office of Sankt Ingbert was founded on October 1, 1902 from parts of the Bavarian district office Zweibrücken , namely from the district court (also the district) St. Ingbert and those communities of the district court Blieskastel that formed the district of the same name.
After the First World War , the district office was separated from Germany on the basis of the provisions of the Versailles Treaty and placed under the League of Nations mandate with the Prussian districts of the Saar basin as the Saar area . In 1935 the district returned to Germany after the referendum. After the Second World War, Saarland became a partially sovereign state under French supervision and, after the Saar Statute was rejected , it became part of the Federal Republic of Germany on January 1, 1957 .
On January 1, 1974, as part of the regional and administrative reform, the district became part of the Saar-Palatinate district together with the district of Homburg and the town of Rentrisch , but without the towns of Ensheim , Eschringen and Schnappach , which were part of the Saarbrücken regional association ( today's spelling: Saarpfalz-Kreis ) incorporated.
The Protestant minority population in former district St. Ingbert belonged since 1818 as the entire Palatinate as United Protestant Evangelical Christian Church of the Palatinate to the consistory in Munich and was in 1848 which legally independent.
The Catholic population belonged to the Speyer diocese .
The population of the district office or the district was
- 1902–1917: Paul Dexheimer (district administrator)
- 1917–1920: Ludwig Blass (District Administrator)
- 1920–1929: Otto Maurer
- 1929–1938: Wilhelm Wolfer
- 1938–1942: Walter Unckrich (by order)
- 1942–1943: Otto Bühler (provisional as District Administrator of Homburg)
- 1943–1944: Heinrich König
- 1944–1945: Herbert Erwin "Philander" Hassenkamp (substitute)
- 1945–1946: Andreas Grieser
- 1946: Reinhold Gelzleichter (acting)
- 1947–1956: Willi Eisel
- 1946: Adolf Eisemann
- 1956–1965: Josef Hager
- 1965–1973: Albert Schwarz
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded by the state government on the 60th anniversary of the district.
Shield split by a silver post covered with a red abbot's staff with the crook turned to the right. In front a gold-crowned, red-tongued silver lion turned to the left in a blue field sprinkled with silver crossed feet, behind in black a red-crowned and red-tongued, armored golden lion.
Foundation of the coat of arms
The coat of arms is split twice and shows in the left field (from the viewer) the lion of the County of Saarbrücken with the crosses, which turns from Courtoisie to the golden Palatinate lion in the right field (from the viewer) . The middle field shows an abbot's staff .
The circle colors were blue and white.
The following communities belonged to the district:
On January 1, 1957, on the occasion of the Saarland's accession to the Federal Republic of Germany, the distinctive symbol IGB was assigned to the district. It was issued until February 28, 1974. It was not available for a month. Since April 1, 1974, it has been issued in the medium-sized town of Sankt Ingbert , which today belongs to the Saarpfalz district.
- Home book of the district of St. Ingbert (Saar). A Volksbuch für Heimatkunde, ed. from the district administrator of the St. Ingbert district. St. Ingbert 1954
- District Office St. Ingbert
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 808 f .