District of Ottweiler

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Ottweiler
District of Ottweiler
Map of Germany, position of the district of Ottweiler highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 24 '  N , 7 ° 10'  E

Basic data
Existing period: 1816–
State : Saarland
Administrative headquarters : Ottweiler
Area : 259.43 km 2
Residents: 165,300 (Dec. 31, 1972)
Population density : 637 inhabitants per km 2
Circle structure: 35 municipalities

The district of Ottweiler was founded in 1816 in the Prussian Rhine Province. From 1920 it belonged to the Saar area , from 1935 to the Saarland . On January 1, 1974, he was under the Saarland regional reorganization in the district of Neunkirchen renamed.

Neighboring areas

In 1973 the district bordered clockwise in the north, beginning with the districts of Sankt Wendel (in Saarland), Kusel (in Rhineland-Palatinate ), Homburg , Sankt Ingbert , Saarlouis and Merzig-Wadern (all again in Saarland).


After the incorporation of the area of ​​the County of Nassau-Saarbrücken into the Prussian Rhine Province in 1816, the district was formed almost congruently from the area of ​​the former partial rule, the County of Ottweiler , and belonged to the Trier administrative district . After the First World War , the Ottweiler district came to the Saar area on October 1, 1920 . From April 1, 1943 to August 1, 1945, the Sankt Wendel district was temporarily merged with the Ottweiler district.

By order of the French occupying power of the county was on 1 October 1946, the municipalities Weiler , hasborn-dautweiler , Lindscheid , Neipel , chafing , Sotzweiler , Theley , Tholey and About Roth-Niederhofen from the once again independent district Sankt Wendel. In return, the communities of Steinbach and Wetschhausen moved from the Sankt Wendel district to the Ottweiler district.

As part of the Saarland regional reform, the Ottweiler district gave the four communities of Aschbach , Dörsdorf , Steinbach and Thalexweiler to the Saarlouis district on January 1, 1974 , and they became part of the city of Lebach there. The municipality of Berschweiler also left the district and became part of the municipality of Marpingen in the St. Wendel district. The municipality of Mainzweiler from the St. Wendel district was incorporated into the city of Ottweiler . The number of municipalities was reduced from 35 to seven through various mergers. At the same time, the district of Ottweiler was renamed the district of Neunkirchen . The district administration remained in Ottweiler.

Population development

year Residents source
1816 17,972
1847 29,412
1871 51,974
1885 70,593
1900 102,729
1910 126,946
1939 142,532
1960 162,600
1970 167,300
1972 165,300
1980 151,000
1990 149,400
2000 147,500
2010 137.247
2016 133,984


Since the Reformation according to the Lutheran Confession was introduced in the entire county of Saarbrücken in 1575 , the vast majority of the population was Protestant from that point on. It was not until industrialization in the course of the 19th century that the denominational relationship began to shift due to the large influx of miners and smelters. The Protestant population of the district has belonged to the Evangelical Church in Prussia (EKiP) since the union of the former Lutheran regional church of the county with the Reformed communities in Saarbrücken and Ludweiler in 1817, and to the church province of the Rhine Province with the provincial consistory in Koblenz since 1922 . With the dissolution of the EKiP in 1947, the ecclesiastical province became independent and now exists as the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland .

District administrators


Before it was renamed on January 1, 1974, the district of Ottweiler comprised 2 cities and 33 other municipalities:

During its existence, the following municipalities also belonged to the district:


License Plate

On January 1, 1957, on the occasion of the accession of the Saarland to the Federal Republic of Germany, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol OTW . It was issued until February 28, 1974. No use was made of a reintroduction in connection with the liberalization of license plates .

On January 1, 1968, the distinctive sign NK became valid, initially only in the then medium- sized town of Neunkirchen . Since March 1, 1974 the entire district, renamed Neunkirchen , has been running it .


  • Bernhard Krajewski: District of Ottweiler, monograph, Neunkirchen 1961.
  • Saar Research Association (Hrsg.): The art monuments of the Ottweiler and Saarlouis districts, edited by Walter Zimmermann. 2nd, unchanged edition from 1934, Saarbrücken 1976.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Official Journal of the Saar Regional Council , year 1946, No. 47, p. 198: "Order on the administrative organization of the Saar area" from October 1, 1946 ( Saarland University )
  2. Law on the reorganization of the municipalities and districts of Saarland of December 19, 1973 . In: Saarland Official Gazette . tape 1973 , no. 48 , p. 852 , § 55 Renaming of the district of Ottweiler ( digitized [PDF; 487 kB ]).
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 805 f .
  4. ^ Contributions to the statistics of the Königl. Prussian Rhineland. 1829, p. 20 , accessed November 11, 2017 .
  5. ^ Description of the administrative district of Trier. 1849, p. 297 , accessed November 11, 2017 .
  6. a b Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
  7. a b c d Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. ottweiler.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
  9. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1974
  10. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
  11. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1992
  12. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 2002