District of Ottweiler
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Ottweiler|
|Area :||259.43 km 2|
|Residents:||165,300 (Dec. 31, 1972)|
|Population density :||637 inhabitants per km 2|
|Circle structure:||35 municipalities|
The district of Ottweiler was founded in 1816 in the Prussian Rhine Province. From 1920 it belonged to the Saar area , from 1935 to the Saarland . On January 1, 1974, he was under the Saarland regional reorganization in the district of Neunkirchen renamed.
In 1973 the district bordered clockwise in the north, beginning with the districts of Sankt Wendel (in Saarland), Kusel (in Rhineland-Palatinate ), Homburg , Sankt Ingbert , Saarlouis and Merzig-Wadern (all again in Saarland).
After the incorporation of the area of the County of Nassau-Saarbrücken into the Prussian Rhine Province in 1816, the district was formed almost congruently from the area of the former partial rule, the County of Ottweiler , and belonged to the Trier administrative district . After the First World War , the Ottweiler district came to the Saar area on October 1, 1920 . From April 1, 1943 to August 1, 1945, the Sankt Wendel district was temporarily merged with the Ottweiler district.
By order of the French occupying power of the county was on 1 October 1946, the municipalities Weiler , hasborn-dautweiler , Lindscheid , Neipel , chafing , Sotzweiler , Theley , Tholey and About Roth-Niederhofen from the once again independent district Sankt Wendel. In return, the communities of Steinbach and Wetschhausen moved from the Sankt Wendel district to the Ottweiler district.
As part of the Saarland regional reform, the Ottweiler district gave the four communities of Aschbach , Dörsdorf , Steinbach and Thalexweiler to the Saarlouis district on January 1, 1974 , and they became part of the city of Lebach there. The municipality of Berschweiler also left the district and became part of the municipality of Marpingen in the St. Wendel district. The municipality of Mainzweiler from the St. Wendel district was incorporated into the city of Ottweiler . The number of municipalities was reduced from 35 to seven through various mergers. At the same time, the district of Ottweiler was renamed the district of Neunkirchen . The district administration remained in Ottweiler.
Since the Reformation according to the Lutheran Confession was introduced in the entire county of Saarbrücken in 1575 , the vast majority of the population was Protestant from that point on. It was not until industrialization in the course of the 19th century that the denominational relationship began to shift due to the large influx of miners and smelters. The Protestant population of the district has belonged to the Evangelical Church in Prussia (EKiP) since the union of the former Lutheran regional church of the county with the Reformed communities in Saarbrücken and Ludweiler in 1817, and to the church province of the Rhine Province with the provincial consistory in Koblenz since 1922 . With the dissolution of the EKiP in 1947, the ecclesiastical province became independent and now exists as the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland .
- 1816–1825 Joseph Schönberger
- 1825–1842 Carl von Rohr (1792–1869)
- 1842-1851 Richard Linz
- 1851–1860 Otto von Wittenhorst-Sonsfeld
- 1860–1871 Eugen von Schlechtendal (1830–1881)
- 1871–1876 Ferdinand von Helldorff (1835–1893)
- 1876–1883 Hugo Samuel von Richthofen (1842–1904)
- 1883–1886 Maximilian von Voss
- 1886–1892 Woldemar Tenge-Rietberg (1856–1970)
- 1892-1896 Dietrich von Harlem
- 1896–1910 Maximilian Laur von Münchhofen
- 1910–1916 Carl von Halfern (1873–1937)
- 1916 Herbert Besser (substitute)
- 1916–1919 Waldemar Moritz (1870–1948)
- 1919–1920 Friedrich Vogeler
- 1920–1945 Maximilian Rech
- 1945 Franz Heinrich Strauss
- 1945-1946 N. Steines
- 1946 Franz Heinrich Strauss
- 1946–1947 N. Buschlinger
- 1948–1951 Peter Scherer
- 1951–1961 Johannes Dierkes
- 1961–1973 Günter Schwehm (CDU)
Before it was renamed on January 1, 1974, the district of Ottweiler comprised 2 cities and 33 other municipalities:
During its existence, the following municipalities also belonged to the district:
- Bergweiler , part of the Sankt Wendel district in 1946
- Hasborn-Dautweiler , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Kohlhof , 1922 to the city of Neunkirchen
- Lindscheid , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Neipel , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Niederneunkirchen , 1922 to the city of Neunkirchen
- Scouring , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Sotzweiler , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Theley , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Tholey , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Überroth-Niederhofen , 1946 to the district of Sankt Wendel
- Wellesweiler , 1922 to the city of Neunkirchen
- Wetschhausen , on January 1, 1959 in Steinbach b. Ottweiler
- Johannes Hoffmann (* December 23, 1890; † September 21, 1967), politician ( center , CVP ), Member of the State Parliament ( Saarland ), Prime Minister of Saarland 1947–1955
On January 1, 1957, on the occasion of the accession of the Saarland to the Federal Republic of Germany, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol OTW . It was issued until February 28, 1974. No use was made of a reintroduction in connection with the liberalization of license plates .
On January 1, 1968, the distinctive sign NK became valid, initially only in the then medium- sized town of Neunkirchen . Since March 1, 1974 the entire district, renamed Neunkirchen , has been running it .
- Bernhard Krajewski: District of Ottweiler, monograph, Neunkirchen 1961.
- Saar Research Association (Hrsg.): The art monuments of the Ottweiler and Saarlouis districts, edited by Walter Zimmermann. 2nd, unchanged edition from 1934, Saarbrücken 1976.
- official website of the "Saarland Biographies"
- District of Ottweiler Administrative history and district list on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 17, 2013.
- Official Journal of the Saar Regional Council , year 1946, No. 47, p. 198: "Order on the administrative organization of the Saar area" from October 1, 1946 ( Saarland University )
- Law on the reorganization of the municipalities and districts of Saarland of December 19, 1973 . In: Saarland Official Gazette . tape 1973 , no. 48 , p. 852 , § 55 Renaming of the district of Ottweiler ( digitized [PDF; 487 kB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 805 f .
- Contributions to the statistics of the Königl. Prussian Rhineland. 1829, p. 20 , accessed November 11, 2017 .
- Description of the administrative district of Trier. 1849, p. 297 , accessed November 11, 2017 .
- Communityfor the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. ottweiler.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1974
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1992
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 2002