Mountain hamlet

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local municipality Bergweiler
Mountain hamlet
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Bergweiler highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 58 '  N , 6 ° 50'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Bernkastel-Wittlich
Association municipality : Wittlich-Land
Height : 310 m above sea level NHN
Area : 13.22 km 2
Residents: 865 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 65 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 54518
Area code : 06571
License plate : WIL, BKS
Community key : 07 2 31 007
Association administration address: Kurfürstenstrasse 1
54516 Wittlich
Website :
Local Mayor : Johann Horst Weber
Location of the Bergweiler community in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district
Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Landkreis Birkenfeld Landkreis Cochem-Zell Landkreis Vulkaneifel Trier Landkreis Trier-Saarburg Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Bernkastel-Kues Brauneberg Burgen (bei Bernkastel-Kues) Erden Gornhausen Graach an der Mosel Hochscheid Kesten Kleinich Kommen Lieser (Gemeinde) Lösnich Longkamp Maring-Noviand Minheim Monzelfeld Mülheim an der Mosel Neumagen-Dhron Piesport Ürzig Veldenz Wintrich Zeltingen-Rachtig Bausendorf Bengel (Mosel) Diefenbach (bei Wittlich) Flußbach Hontheim Kinderbeuern Kinheim Kröv Reil Willwerscheid Bettenfeld Dierfeld Eckfeld Eisenschmitt Gipperath Greimerath (Eifel) Großlittgen Hasborn (Eifel) Karl (Eifel) Laufeld Manderscheid Meerfeld Musweiler Niederöfflingen Niederscheidweiler Oberöfflingen Oberscheidweiler Pantenburg Schladt Schwarzenborn (Eifel) Wallscheid Berglicht Breit Büdlich Burtscheid (Hunsrück) Deuselbach Dhronecken Etgert Gielert Gräfendhron Heidenburg Hilscheid Horath Immert Lückenburg Malborn Merschbach Neunkirchen (Hunsrück) Rorodt Schönberg (bei Thalfang) Talling Thalfang Burg (Mosel) Enkirch Irmenach Lötzbeuren Starkenburg (Mosel) Traben-Trarbach Altrich Arenrath Bergweiler Binsfeld (Eifel) Bruch (Eifel) Dierscheid Dodenburg Dreis Esch (bei Wittlich) Gladbach (Eifel) Heckenmünster Heidweiler Hetzerath (Eifel) Hupperath Klausen (Eifel) Landscheid Minderlittgen Niersbach Osann-Monzel Platten (bei Wittlich) Plein Rivenich Salmtal Sehlem (Eifel) Morbach Wittlichmap
About this picture
Feint chapel

Bergweiler is a municipality in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Wittlich-Land .


Geographical location

The place is about five kilometers west of the district town of Wittlich in the southern Eifel at about 300  m above sea level. NN and provides a better view of the Wittlich valley .

In the past the place was also called "Bergweiler über Wittlich" for more precise localization , which explains both the proximity to the district town and the geographical location.

Land use

The district area is 13.25 km², of which 5.71 km² are used for agriculture, 6.33 km² are forest areas.

Neighboring communities

Neighboring towns are Wittlich , Bruch , Dreis and Hupperath .


In the vicinity of Bergweiler, traces of Stone Age settlement - stone tools - were found that date back to around 3000 BC. To be dated. There are also references to Roman settlements near the place.

The first written mention as Wilre ( hamlet ) goes back to the year 981. After that, the name of the place changed several times, which mostly represented linguistic adjustments. The place was called 1056 Villaris , 1171 Reinboldvillari , 1184 Villare , 1190 Vilare , 1219 Wilare , 1243 Remboldswilre , in the 14th century Wilre supra montem , 1417 Wiler , 1428 Wilre , 1487 Wyler , 1569 Bergwiler and then finally Bergweiler in 1656 . Bergweiler is mentioned by this name in an episcopal visitation protocol in 1669.

In this protocol, a small church is mentioned for the first time, which is known under the current name of the Fintenkapelle . Bergweiler was referred to as a parish as early as the 13th century . In 1669 and 1833 the church was rebuilt at the same location in what was then the center of Bergweiler ( Unterdorf ). In 1957, the Catholic Church of St. John (Evangelist) was renovated and partially rebuilt, largely through the residents' own contributions. A cemetery is attached to the church with a church forecourt. The Eifel Heimat Museum is located in the attached parish hall .

The feint chapel outside the village, which dates back to the 17th century and was visited as a local pilgrimage church , was also renovated in 1959. The small field chapel is known as a pilgrimage chapel for sick children. In the past, the weight of the sick child was measured in grain in a crib to be used as a donation for the chapel. Numerous votive tablets inside the feint chapel still bear witness to the function of the chapel as a place of worship. The small pulpit facing the front is architecturally interesting. In the past, since the chapel was too small, it was necessary for the clergyman to preach from this outer pulpit to the faithful gathered in the open field in front of the chapel. The Fintenkapelle was first mentioned in 1656, a new building took place in 1717. In 2004 the chapel was again extensively renovated by local volunteers and has since shone in new splendor. The Fintenkapelle is the landmark of the place.

Before the French Revolution , the Lords of Warsberg were the owners of the manor in the imperial knighthood of Bergweiler. A long-term process of imperial immediacy before the imperial chamber court became obsolete in 1794 when the French occupied the area. In 1815 Bergweiler became part of the Kingdom of Prussia . Since 1946 it has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate .

The place is still divided into two districts by the locals as well as on maps. The old center with the church is called Bergweiler or Unterdorf, the newer part, which is a few meters higher than the old part, is called Oberbergweiler or Oberdorf. Corresponding development due to the population growth mean that the place is growing closer and closer together.


Municipal council

The municipal council in Bergweiler consists of twelve council members, who were elected by a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of Bergweiler
Blazon : "Shield divided, above in black a gold-crowned and gold-reinforced silver growing lion, below silver-red pod."
Justification of the coat of arms: For a coat of arms for a mountain hamlet based on history, one has to fall back on the territorial conditions before 1789. Baron von Warsberg was the landlord of Bergweiler . He exercised his powers within the direct imperial rule of Bergweiler transferred to the Count of Sponheim .

Therefore, the Bergweiler coat of arms must express both the rule of the Count of Sponheim and the manorial lordship of the barons of Warsberg. This is done by a split coat of arms, the lower half of which shows the white and red boxed Sponheim coat of arms and the upper half of the black field shows the growing silver Warsberg lion crowned with gold.

In 1967 the municipality of Bergweiler received the right to use this coat of arms.


  • In the Eifel Heimat Museum (Kirchstrasse 3) agricultural implements and tools from the 19th century are on display. In the center of the museum is an oil painting, which is one of the many legends about the history of the Wittlich Säubrennerkirmes . Probably the largest oil painting in Rhineland-Palatinate was painted by Otto Frankfurter.
  • The Werthelstein (also Wedelstein or Würstelstein, dialect Werdelsteen) is a pillar-like, isolated boulder of about two by three meters in cross-section with relatively smooth surfaces. It stands on the ban border , where it crosses the old path from Bergweiler to Dreis . The forecast for he is a sacrificial stone . It has been a natural monument since 1940 .
  • Fintenkapelle : Small pilgrimage church from the 17th century outside the village.

See also: List of cultural monuments in Bergweiler and List of natural monuments in Bergweiler

Web links

Commons : Bergweiler  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections