|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Bernkastel-Kues|
|Height :||106 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.94 km 2|
|Residents:||2223 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||131 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54492|
|Area code :||06532|
|License plate :||WIL, BKS|
|Community key :||07 2 31 136|
|Community structure:||2 districts|
|Association administration address:||Gestade 18
|Mayoress :||Bianca Waters|
|Location of the local community of Zeltingen-Rachtig in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich|
The community is divided into the two eponymous districts of Zeltingen and Rachtig. Associated living spaces are the forester's house Sabel and the Ürzigermühle.
Zeltingen-Rachtig is surrounded by vineyards in the large Moselle loop between Bernkastel-Kues and Traben-Trarbach, not far from the university town of Trier . Both districts are on the right bank of the river, at the transition from the Prallhang (steep) to the Gleithang (flat).
Neighboring communities are Erden , Ürzig or Graach an der Mosel . The closest medium-sized centers are Bernkastel-Kues , about 6 km away, and Traben-Trarbach , about 16 kilometers away, and Wittlich , about ten kilometers away. Trier is about 45 kilometers away.
The most important infrastructure structure is the Hochmoselbrücke , which was completed and opened in November 2019 , which serves supraregional traffic and crosses the Moselle valley at a height of up to 158 meters.
Zeltingen-Rachtig lies in the transition zone from the temperate maritime climate to the continental climate ; The climate is very warm and sunny compared to other regions in Germany - in Brauneberg , not far away , the record temperature of 41.2 ° C in the shade, the highest air temperature ever recorded in Germany, was recorded on August 11, 1998 .
Due to the Eifel Barrier , the community is protected and protected by rain from westerly winds, which can also have a blow-dryer effect. At the same time, air warming is favored by low air exchange with the surrounding area. Associated with this, due to the constant evaporation of the Moselle water, is a regularly high level of humidity , which, especially in summer, causes sometimes stressful, humid weather and numerous thunderstorms.
Remains of human settlements near Bernkastel-Kues date from the time of the band ceramics around 3000 BC. The banks of the Moselle and the heights above Zeltingen and Rachtig are verifiable as early as the Neolithic (approx. 3500 BC) and, because of the favorable climate, were also inhabited. Already around 500 BC The Treveri , a Celtic-Germanic mixed people, from which the Latin name of the city of Trier Augusta Treverorum is derived, settled in the region around Zeltingen-Rachtig. Celtanc and Raptacum are the oldest known names of today's Zeltingen-Rachtig; they document the Celtic origin. The first documentary mention of Rachtig comes from the year 1067, Zeltingen is documented for the first time in 1116. Until the end of the 18th century, the two localities were an enclave of the Electorate of Cologne . Archbishop Kunibert of Cologne (623–663) is likely to have been the founder of Cologne's rule. The history of the two villages is mainly determined in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries by the constant pledging of property in the Electorate of Cologne. In the 13th century, large estates and the patronage of the parish fell through donations to the Teutonic Order. The Teutonic Order property was administered from Rachtig.
After 1792 French revolutionary troops occupied the entire area on the left bank of the Rhine . From 1798 to 1814 Zeltingen and Rachtig belonged to the canton of Bernkastel in the French department of the Saar . The secularization brought the end of the Church's estates in 1802, it was drafted as a national and publicly and to the highest bidder at auction. This brought about an economic and social restructuring, which in the 19th century led to the formation of a large winemaking class and a local wine trade.
After Napoleon's defeat and the agreements reached at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 , the region was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia . Under the Prussian administration, Zeltingen and Rachtig came to the newly created district of Bernkastel in the Trier administrative district , which belonged to the Rhine province from 1822 until the end of the Second World War . The founding period of the German Empire at the end of the 19th century brought the places an enormous economic boom due to the wine industry. Zeltingen-Rachtig has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate since 1946 .
Until 1939 there was a Jewish community in Zeltingen-Rachtig. In 1895 there were 78 Jewish residents in Zeltingen and Rachtig; in 1933, when the National Socialists took power, the Jewish community comprised 48 people. Due to the anti-Jewish policy of the Nazi state, the Zeltinger and Rachtiger Jews were forced to move or emigrate; In 1938 only 18 Jewish residents were counted, in 1939 the last Jew left his hometown.
From December 1944 to January 1945, a satellite camp of the SS Hinzert special camp was located in Zeltingen . About 90 prisoners were mainly used to build tunnels.
The development of the population of Zeltingen-Rachtig, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The local council in Zeltingen-Rachtig consists of 16 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairwoman.
The distribution of seats in the local council:
- BL = Bürgerliste Zeltingen-Rachtig e. V.
- FWG = Free Voting Association Zeltingen-Rachtig e. V.
coat of arms
There is evidence that the lay judges of Zeltingen-Rachtig kept their own seal from the beginning of the 15th to the end of the 18th century, which has two crossed keys in the front of the split shield and a continuous black cross in the background.
The black cross on a silver / white background is the coat of arms of the Archbishopric of Cologne , to which Zeltingen belonged until the end of the 18th century. The crossed yellow / gold keys on a red background are the symbol of St. Peter .
Culture and sights
Community life has always been shaped by viticulture , and with 133 hectares of cultivation area, the community is one of the larger wine towns on the Middle Moselle . A well-known local wine location is the single location " Zeltinger Sonnenuhr "; at the wine auction of the winemakers association Bernkasteler ring in September 2013 achieved a 2010er- Trockenbeerenauslese this situation a bottle price of 3,875 euros. Other vineyards are u. a. " Zeltinger Himmelreich ", " Zeltinger Schloßberg " and " Zeltinger Deutschherrenberg ". All the individual layers on the municipal area are - with the exception of the single vineyard "Rotlay" that the major site " Schwarzlay heard" - the major site " Münzlay " within the wine-growing region Bernkastel ( Mosel wine region ).
Church and clubs
Two parishes , the volunteer fire brigade and various musical, sports and other clubs shape the cultural village life in Zeltingen-Rachtig. Among other things, there is the Rudergesellschaft Zeltingen , the two L4 - world champion and Olympic one participant among its members, a successful rowing club.
The seven kilometer long culture route "From Kurköln to the German rulers" provides information on many information boards about life in the Moselle community in earlier times. It leads through both districts as well as several vineyards in the local community . Other hiking trails are the Deutschherrenweg, the Weinlageweg and the Moselsteig, which crosses the Moselle from Bernkastel.
Local festivals and wine festivals take place regularly. The highlights are the Zeltingen wine fair with the large public Middle Mosel Riesling wine tasting and the Rachtiger wine fair with the Monday market. In addition, the wine farm festival and the days of the open wine cellars, as well as the wine and street festivals take place in both districts. Numerous concerts, dance evenings and other events offer residents and their guests a wide range of entertainment. The operetta " Zeltinger Himmelreich " is performed every two years (most recently in 2017) by over 100 amateur actors on the historic market square of Zeltingen; Most of the people from Zeltingen-Rachtig are active.
Economy and Infrastructure
The wine-growing and tourism play an important economic role. A local supply is guaranteed: bakery, grocery, doctor's offices, hotels, several restaurants as well as a post office and a bank branch are located in town. The community also has a kindergarten, secondary school, mobile home parking space, mini golf course, boccia and boules, water treading pools, Moselle parks and a sports field. There are several hotels, restaurants and numerous commercial and private renters with 906 guest beds in the village (as of July 2015). In addition, the headquarters of the international music company Prophecy Productions has been located in Zeltingen-Rachtig since 1998 .
At Zeltingen-Rachtig there is a barrage on the Moselle with a lock , the first on the Moselle with two locks. Zeltingen-Rachtig is located on Bundesstrasse 50 / Bundesstrasse 53 . It is 10 kilometers to the A1 / A48 motorway and 12 kilometers to the A60 . Directly in Zeltingen-Rachtig is also the Hochmosel crossing of the federal highway 50. The Moselle crossing was completed in November 2019. The local community is part of the Trier Region Transport Association (VRT) . The Moselle route runs northwest in the municipality between Ürzig (DB) station and Wengerohr / Wittlich Hbf .
- An important local art patron was the Teutonic order priest Johann Peter Glesius (1679–1762), who was born in Rachtig. Under him the parish church and the rectory were rebuilt in Rachtig; a street in the district of Rachtig is named after the art-loving baroque prelate.
- In June 1715 the doctor Johannes Petrus Ehlen († August 22, 1785 in Würzburg ) was born in Zeltingen . He studied in Trier and Strasbourg, was chief physician at the hospital of the Würzburg Juliusspital , first personal physician to the prince-bishop and "professor praxeos" of the medical faculty.
- Johann Baptist Grach (born March 21, 1793 in Trier; † January 5, 1851 in Zeltingen) was the son of the wealthy winery owner and long-time Trier city councilor Emmerich Grach and his wife Maria Anna, née. Wilt. Grach was a wine wholesaler, landlord and member of the Prussian National Assembly.
- The baritone and director Franz Porten was born in Zeltingen , the father of the early film stars Rosa and Henny Porten .
- The brothers Jost and Matthias Schömann-Finck grew up in the district of Zeltingen . In August 2009, the then 26- and 30-year-olds, together with the twins Jochen and Martin Kühner from Saarbrücken, became world champions in rowing in the lightweight quad ( quad without helmsman ).
- Stephan Ehses , Catholic church historian (born December 9, 1855 in Zeltingen / Mosel as the son of a winemaker, † January 19, 1926 in Rome ), Roman Catholic priest, pastor, researcher and scholar, prelate and director of the Roman Institute of the Görres Society from 1895 until 1926.
- August Glesius (* July 2, 1903, † March 25, 1963 in Edenkoben) comes from Zeltingen . August Glesius initially worked as an agricultural vocational school teacher and later took over his parents' winery as a graduate viticulture director. From 1955 until his death he was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament for the FDP Rhineland-Palatinate .
- On January 12, 1915, the gynecologist Karl Knörr was born, who worked as a professor in Tübingen and Ulm.
- Inge Schwaab (today Inge Heidenreich-Schwaab) was elected Wine Queen Mosel-Saar-Ruwer on August 17, 1963 and German Wine Queen 1963/1964 on August 28, 1963 .
- Zeltingen-Rachtig website
- To search for cultural assets of the local community of Zeltingen-Rachtig in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- Local dialect website
- Link catalog on the subject of Zeltingen-Rachtig at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Kunibert's heirs - stories from Zeltingen and Rachtig from the 18th and 19th centuries
- People in Zeltingen-Rachtig 2017 - portraits of 287 people
- End of a mega road construction project. Thousands celebrate on the Hochmosel Bridge on November 16, 2019 on swr.de, accessed on November 16, 2019
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 56 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- Thecities of Berlin-Reinickendorf. Retrieved November 22, 2014 .
- vineyards. Retrieved August 19, 2019 .
- Henning Bärmig: The personal bibliographies of the professors who taught at the Medical Faculty of the Alma Mater Julia zu Würzburg from 1582 to 1803 with biographical information. Medical dissertation, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg 1969, p. 44 f.
- Andreas Mettenleiter : Personal reports, memories, diaries and letters from German-speaking doctors. Supplements and supplements III (I – Z). In: Würzburg medical history reports. Volume 22, 2003, pp. 269-305, here: p. 272.