|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Wittlich-Land|
|Height :||170 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||11.26 km 2|
|Residents:||1402 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||125 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54518|
|Area code :||06578|
|License plate :||WIL, BKS|
|Community key :||07 2 31 024|
|Association administration address:||Kurfürstenstrasse 1
|Local Mayor :||Christoph Thieltges|
|Location of the local community Dreis in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich|
Dreis is located at the exit of the Salm from the Eifel Mountains at the foot of the Burgberg, on the edge of the Wittlich valley . Dreis also includes the Landhaus Kasfeld, Lindenhof, Maarhof, Jagdhaus Schumacher and Sonnenhof residential areas .
Dreis is one of the oldest places in the Wittlicher Land. The place bears its name after the Sauerbrunnen (= Drees), which can be found in the center of the former bull barn . Dreis, a royal estate ("fisci"), was given to the Echternach monastery on the Sauer by the brother of Charlemagne , Karlmann I , at the end of the 8th century . In 785, Charlemagne confirmed his brother's donation. A certificate of the original donation had not been issued. Karlmann died in 771. A copy of the document is in the golden book ("Liber aureus") of the Echternach Abbey, which is now kept in Gotha .
In the late Middle Ages was feudalism to Dreis a possession of the Abbey of Echternach and was under the bailiwick of the lords of Esch , later the Counts of Manderscheid-Kail . According to the wisdom , the community exercised the high judiciary fairly independently. In 1639 the abbey had a dispute with the three peasants who claimed jurisdiction for themselves. There was a trial before the Reich Chamber of Commerce in Speyer . It was not until 1673 that the judgment was made, in which Echternach Abbey was granted sovereign authority over Dreis.
In 1712 the Echternach abbot introduced some innovations, the Dreiser farmers called on the Lower Rhine knights for help and claimed to be a free imperial village . The abbot turned again to the Reich Chamber of Commerce, which ordered the farmers of Dreis to obey their masters.
After 1792 French revolutionary troops occupied the left bank of the Rhine , from 1798 to 1814 Dreis belonged to the canton of Wittlich in the French department of the Saar . Due to the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna , the region became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 , and the municipality of Dreis was assigned to the Wittlich district in the administrative district of Trier in 1816, which belonged to the Rhine province from 1822 on .
Since 1946 the community has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate .
- Population development
The development of the population of Dreis, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Dreis consists of 16 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. The 16 seats in the local council are divided between three groups of voters .
Culture and sights
Dreis Castle , built as the summer residence of the Echternach abbots in 1774, later came into the possession of the Counts of Walderdorff . The two-and-a-half-storey quarry stone building with divisions in red sandstone is a real sight with rich furnishings.
Economy and Infrastructure
The restaurant of the family-owned "Waldhotel Sonnora" in Dreis, which was run by Helmut Thieltges (1955–2017) until his death , has been consistently awarded three stars since the 2000 Michelin Guide . In the Gault-Millau 2019 it is listed with 19.5 points, which is also the highest rating. Thieltge's successor is Clemens Rambichler .
Due to favorable climatic factors in the Wittlich Valley, special crops were grown in Dreis. Viticulture has been attested in the place since the 13th century. Even today there are still a small number of vineyards north of the village. Tobacco was also grown in the Dreiser Feldgemarkung until the 1960s. However, the blue mold disease in the early 1960s destroyed almost the entire harvest and cultivation was stopped.
- Homepage of the local community Dreis
- Link catalog on the topic of three at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 57 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Andreas Wisniewski, Chronicle Wittlich-Land
- Alexander Melior: Funeral Sermon to Michael Hormann, Prelate of the Echternach Abbey, 1775 ( dilibri.de )
- Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine province, Volume 2: The map of 1789. Bonn, Hermann Behrend, 1898, p. 309
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections