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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Dreis
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Dreis highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 56 '  N , 6 ° 49'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Bernkastel-Wittlich
Association municipality : Wittlich-Land
Height : 170 m above sea level NHN
Area : 11.26 km 2
Residents: 1402 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 125 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 54518
Area code : 06578
License plate : WIL, BKS
Community key : 07 2 31 024
Association administration address: Kurfürstenstrasse 1
54516 Wittlich
Website :
Local Mayor : Christoph Thieltges
Location of the local community Dreis in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich
Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Landkreis Birkenfeld Landkreis Cochem-Zell Landkreis Vulkaneifel Trier Landkreis Trier-Saarburg Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Bernkastel-Kues Brauneberg Burgen (bei Bernkastel-Kues) Erden Gornhausen Graach an der Mosel Hochscheid Kesten Kleinich Kommen Lieser (Gemeinde) Lösnich Longkamp Maring-Noviand Minheim Monzelfeld Mülheim an der Mosel Neumagen-Dhron Piesport Ürzig Veldenz Wintrich Zeltingen-Rachtig Bausendorf Bengel (Mosel) Diefenbach (bei Wittlich) Flußbach Hontheim Kinderbeuern Kinheim Kröv Reil Willwerscheid Bettenfeld Dierfeld Eckfeld Eisenschmitt Gipperath Greimerath (Eifel) Großlittgen Hasborn (Eifel) Karl (Eifel) Laufeld Manderscheid Meerfeld Musweiler Niederöfflingen Niederscheidweiler Oberöfflingen Oberscheidweiler Pantenburg Schladt Schwarzenborn (Eifel) Wallscheid Berglicht Breit Büdlich Burtscheid (Hunsrück) Deuselbach Dhronecken Etgert Gielert Gräfendhron Heidenburg Hilscheid Horath Immert Lückenburg Malborn Merschbach Neunkirchen (Hunsrück) Rorodt Schönberg (bei Thalfang) Talling Thalfang Burg (Mosel) Enkirch Irmenach Lötzbeuren Starkenburg (Mosel) Traben-Trarbach Altrich Arenrath Bergweiler Binsfeld (Eifel) Bruch (Eifel) Dierscheid Dodenburg Dreis Esch (bei Wittlich) Gladbach (Eifel) Heckenmünster Heidweiler Hetzerath (Eifel) Hupperath Klausen (Eifel) Landscheid Minderlittgen Niersbach Osann-Monzel Platten (bei Wittlich) Plein Rivenich Salmtal Sehlem (Eifel) Morbach Wittlichmap
About this picture

Dreis is a municipality in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich in Rhineland-Palatinate , on the Salm . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Wittlich-Land . Dreis is a state-approved resort .


Dreis is located at the exit of the Salm from the Eifel Mountains at the foot of the Burgberg, on the edge of the Wittlich valley . Dreis also includes the Landhaus Kasfeld, Lindenhof, Maarhof, Jagdhaus Schumacher and Sonnenhof residential areas .

Neighboring communities are Bergweiler , Wittlich , Altrich , Salmtal , Dodenburg , Gladbach and Bruch .


Dreis is one of the oldest places in the Wittlicher Land. The place bears its name after the Sauerbrunnen (= Drees), which can be found in the center of the former bull barn . Dreis, a royal estate ("fisci"), was given to the Echternach monastery on the Sauer by the brother of Charlemagne , Karlmann I , at the end of the 8th century . In 785, Charlemagne confirmed his brother's donation. A certificate of the original donation had not been issued. Karlmann died in 771. A copy of the document is in the golden book ("Liber aureus") of the Echternach Abbey, which is now kept in Gotha .

Dreis belonged country wonderfully until the end of the 18th century to the Abbey of Echternach and was Luxembourg area.

In the late Middle Ages was feudalism to Dreis a possession of the Abbey of Echternach and was under the bailiwick of the lords of Esch , later the Counts of Manderscheid-Kail . According to the wisdom , the community exercised the high judiciary fairly independently. In 1639 the abbey had a dispute with the three peasants who claimed jurisdiction for themselves. There was a trial before the Reich Chamber of Commerce in Speyer . It was not until 1673 that the judgment was made, in which Echternach Abbey was granted sovereign authority over Dreis.

In 1712 the Echternach abbot introduced some innovations, the Dreiser farmers called on the Lower Rhine knights for help and claimed to be a free imperial village . The abbot turned again to the Reich Chamber of Commerce, which ordered the farmers of Dreis to obey their masters.

The national sovereignty of the abbey was not unchallenged in any other way. In 1602 Kurtrier had made the unsuccessful attempt to be worshiped as sovereign .

After 1792 French revolutionary troops occupied the left bank of the Rhine , from 1798 to 1814 Dreis belonged to the canton of Wittlich in the French department of the Saar . Due to the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna , the region became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 , and the municipality of Dreis was assigned to the Wittlich district in the administrative district of Trier in 1816, which belonged to the Rhine province from 1822 on .

Since 1946 the community has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate .

Population development

The development of the population of Dreis, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 580
1835 793
1871 938
1905 895
1939 970
1950 1,040
year Residents
1961 1,141
1970 1,302
1987 1,260
1997 1,391
2005 1,390
2017 1,367

Municipal council

The municipal council in Dreis consists of 16 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. The 16 seats in the local council are divided between three groups of voters .

Culture and sights

Dreis Castle

Dreis Castle , built as the summer residence of the Echternach abbots in 1774, later came into the possession of the Counts of Walderdorff . The two-and-a-half-storey quarry stone building with divisions in red sandstone is a real sight with rich furnishings.

Dreis Castle from a bird's eye view (2017)

See also

Economy and Infrastructure

The restaurant of the family-owned "Waldhotel Sonnora" in Dreis, which was run by Helmut Thieltges (1955–2017) until his death , has been consistently awarded three stars since the 2000 Michelin Guide . In the Gault-Millau 2019 it is listed with 19.5 points, which is also the highest rating. Thieltge's successor is Clemens Rambichler .

Due to favorable climatic factors in the Wittlich Valley, special crops were grown in Dreis. Viticulture has been attested in the place since the 13th century. Even today there are still a small number of vineyards north of the village. Tobacco was also grown in the Dreiser Feldgemarkung until the 1960s. However, the blue mold disease in the early 1960s destroyed almost the entire harvest and cultivation was stopped.

The Salm cycle path begins in Dreis and leads to Klüsserath / Mosel .

Web links

Commons : Dreis  collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 57 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
  4. ^ Andreas Wisniewski, Chronicle Wittlich-Land
  5. Alexander Melior: Funeral Sermon to Michael Hormann, Prelate of the Echternach Abbey, 1775 ( )
  6. ^ A b c Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine province, Volume 2: The map of 1789. Bonn, Hermann Behrend, 1898, p. 309
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections