Course of the Salm
|Water code||EN : 2674|
|Drain over||Moselle → Rhine → North Sea|
|source||in the Salmwald west of Salm near Gerolstein in the Eifel
|muzzle||at Klüsserath in the Moselle
|Height difference||471 m|
|Bottom slope||7.4 ‰|
|Catchment area||298.526 km²|
||1.98 m³ / s
|Left tributaries||Grönbach , Kramesbach , u. a.|
|Right tributaries||Kailbach, Dörbach, Gladbach, Raselbach , etc. a.|
The Salm rises in the Salmwald south of Gerolstein near Salm in the Eifel and flows into the wine village of Klüsserath . The length is 63.4 km, the catchment area has a size of 298.5 km². The course of the river is largely natural or near-natural.
Due to the geological subsoil in the Salmtal, the z. Partly formed by red sandstone , the Salmtal differs in longitudinal and transverse profile from other Eifel brooks. The floodplain is less winding and numerous side valleys are permanently dry or only carry water periodically or episodically. The floodplain sediments are also more sandy compared to the neighboring Lieser (Moselle) . Valley bogs are formed locally . The formation of sandy floodplain trees began in the middle Salmtal as early as the early Middle Ages as a result of increased land use in the catchment area.
History and sights
In ancient times the river was called Salmona and is mentioned by Ausonius . The name of the river is probably derived from the Salm, i.e. salmon , which had excellent spawning waters in the Salm until 1930 and was abundant.
Salm cycle path
- Topographic map 1: 25,000
- GeoExplorer of the Rhineland-Palatinate Water Management Authority ( information )
- A flood period in the Rhine area extreme events between December 1993 and February 1995
- C. Stolz, J. Grunert, A. Fülling: The formation of alluvial fans and young floodplain deposits in the Lieser catchment, Eifel Mts., Western German Uplands: A study of soil erosion budgeting. In: The Holocene. 22, 3, 2012, pp. 267-280.
- Nec fastiditos Salmonae usurpo fluores. Ausonius, Mosella 366