Salm (Moselle)

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Course of the Salm

Course of the Salm

Water code EN : 2674
location Eifel


River system Rhine
Drain over Moselle  → Rhine  → North Sea
source in the Salmwald west of Salm near Gerolstein in the Eifel
50 ° 9 ′ 36 ″  N , 6 ° 41 ′ 1 ″  E
Source height 586  m above sea level NHN 
muzzle at Klüsserath in the Moselle Coordinates: 49 ° 50 '26 "  N , 6 ° 51' 7"  E 49 ° 50 '26 "  N , 6 ° 51' 7"  E
Mouth height 115  m above sea level NHN 
Height difference 471 m
Bottom slope 7.4 ‰
length 63.4 km
Catchment area 298.526 km²
Drain MQ
1.98 m³ / s
Left tributaries Grönbach , Kramesbach , u. a.
Right tributaries Kailbach, Dörbach, Gladbach, Raselbach , etc. a.
Salm between Eichelhütte and Himmerod

Salm between Eichelhütte and Himmerod

The Salm is a left tributary of the Moselle . It is a second order body of water from the mouth in Klüsserath to the tributary of the Lohsalm in Oberkail .



The Salm rises in the Salmwald south of Gerolstein near Salm in the Eifel and flows into the wine village of Klüsserath . The length is 63.4 km, the catchment area has a size of 298.5 km². The course of the river is largely natural or near-natural.


The Kailbach flows into the Salm south of Landscheid .


Due to the geological subsoil in the Salmtal, the z. Partly formed by red sandstone , the Salmtal differs in longitudinal and transverse profile from other Eifel brooks. The floodplain is less winding and numerous side valleys are permanently dry or only carry water periodically or episodically. The floodplain sediments are also more sandy compared to the neighboring Lieser (Moselle) . Valley bogs are formed locally . The formation of sandy floodplain trees began in the middle Salmtal as early as the early Middle Ages as a result of increased land use in the catchment area.

History and sights

In ancient times the river was called Salmona and is mentioned by Ausonius . The name of the river is probably derived from the Salm, i.e. salmon , which had excellent spawning waters in the Salm until 1930 and was abundant.

In Großlittgen at the Salm lies Himmerod Abbey .

Salm cycle path

The 17-kilometer Salm cycle path runs between the towns of Dreis , Salmtal - Dörbach , Sehlem , Esch , Rivenich and Klüsserath / Mosel .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b Topographic map 1: 25,000
  2. a b GeoExplorer of the Rhineland-Palatinate Water Management Authority ( information )
  3. A flood period in the Rhine area extreme events between December 1993 and February 1995
  4. C. Stolz, J. Grunert, A. Fülling: The formation of alluvial fans and young floodplain deposits in the Lieser catchment, Eifel Mts., Western German Uplands: A study of soil erosion budgeting. In: The Holocene. 22, 3, 2012, pp. 267-280.
  5. Nec fastiditos Salmonae usurpo fluores. Ausonius, Mosella 366