|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||359 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||12.78 km 2|
|Residents:||9872 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||772 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||66589|
|Area code :||06825|
|License plate :||NK|
|Community key :||10 0 43 113|
|Community structure:||2 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Patrick Weydmann ( SPD )|
|Location of the municipality of Merchweiler in the district of Neunkirchen|
Merchweiler was first mentioned in a document in 1291 as “Morchevilre” and belonged to the county of Saar Werden . From 1527 Merchweiler belonged to the County of Nassau-Saarbrücken . In 1717 the place came under the rule of Illingen .
Merchweiler was originally a farming village, but in the 18th century there were also industrial companies, including a glassworks, a coal mine and a brickworks.
On January 1, 1949, the municipality of Merchweiler left the Illingen administrative district and received an independent administration. After the regional and administrative reform , which led to the merging of the formerly independent municipalities of Merchweiler and Wemmetsweiler on January 1, 1974, it was decided to keep the administration present in both districts. This ultimately led to the current distribution of the individual offices between the two town halls in Merchweiler and Wemmetsweiler.
Allocation of seats in the municipal council (status: municipal election on May 26, 2019):
In 2019, the number of seats on the municipal council was reduced from 33 to 27 seats.
- 1974–1984: Willi Ries ( CDU )
- 1984–1994: Gerhard Bermann ( CDU )
- 1994–1998: Edwin Färber ( SPD )
- 1999–2015: Walter Dietz ( CDU )
- from 2015: Patrick Weydmann ( SPD )
Culture and sights
The Catholic parish church of St. Michael and the town hall in Wemmetsweiler are tourist attractions. The nature reserve "Oberes Merchtal " and the local recreation area Itzenplitz Heiligenwald are partly on the territory of the municipality.
There is a local history museum in the “Zum Striedt” elementary school in the Wemmetsweiler district . Here you get an insight into the history of Wemmetsweiler through pictures, documents, furniture, tools and clothes, and learn something about the people who lived and worked here. The local history museum is open every second Sunday of the month between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.
In the district of Wemmetsweiler there is a rose garden with mini golf and a restaurant. The rose garden was laid out by miners between 1925 and 1929. The "Maria Hilf war memorial chapel" is located in the immediate vicinity of the rose garden.
Merchweiler is connected to the national road network not only in Germany , but also in Luxembourg and France via the federal motorway 8 ( Perl - Bad Reichenhall ) and the federal motorway 1 . In addition, the Merchweiler district has a stop on the Fischbachtalbahn Lebach - Illingen - Saarbrücken , the Wemmetsweiler district on the Illingen (Saar) - Homburg route .
nature and environment
Landscape of industrial culture north (LIK.Nord)
Merchweiler is part of the major nature conservation project Landscape of Industrial Culture North (LIK.Nord). The cities of Neunkirchen and Friedrichsthal, the municipalities of Illingen, Merchweiler, Schiffweiler and Quiigart as well as the district of Neunkirchen and Industriekultur Saar GmbH (IKS) have merged to form a special purpose association and in 2009 won the federal competition "Large-scale nature conservation projects and rural development" from the Federal Environment Ministry. The aim of the project is to shape the future-proof development of the old industrial landscape, which is characterized by mining. This is intended to maintain and further expand the biodiversity of the landscape through maintenance and targeted interventions. The landscape laboratory “ Post-mining landscape ” is located in the area of the municipality of Merchweiler, as is the landscape laboratory “Bird migration and wild pastures” at the Hahnwies mud pond and in the Merchtal. The project has been in the implementation phase since the end of 2013.
Born in Merchweiler
- Peter Baltes (1897–1941), politician (NSDAP)
- Peter Barrois (1919–1988), artist
- Balthasar Woll (1922–1996), SS-Oberscharführer of the Waffen-SS and tank commander during the Second World War , born in the district of Wemmetsweiler
- Dieter Enderlein (1944–2004), athlete
- Gabriele Bozok (* 1953), politician ( Alliance 90 / The Greens )
- Uwe Haas (* 1964), professional at 1. FC Köln , youth national player and U21 national player
- Bernhard Rohrbacher (* 1965), soccer player and coach
Associated with Merchweiler
- Wilhelm Hector , an important architect, built the parish church of St. Michael in Merchweiler-Wemmetsweiler from 1898 to 1899
- Otto Eberbach , architect, district builder, town hall Wemmetsweiler 1926
- Anke Heimes (* 1957), local politician and member of the state parliament
- Eugen Roth (* 1957), politician, member of the state parliament, lives in Merchweiler
- Cornelia Hoffmann-Bethscheider (* 1968), local politician, former district administrator and former member of the state parliament
- Hans-Gerhard Jene (* 1961), politician
- Website of the municipality of Merchweiler
- Local history museum in the district of Wemmetsweiler
- Literature about Merchweiler in the Saarland Bibliography
- Link catalog on the subject of Merchweiler at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
- Arnold Ilgemann: "French schools". The French domain schools during the League of Nations , lecture manuscript from June 22, 1993
- Saarland Official Gazette of March 21, 1949, p. 310 ( Saarland University )
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 805 .
- Merchweiler community:  (accessed on July 8, 2019)
- Saarland: LIK.Nord | Saarland.de. Retrieved July 24, 2017 .