Ensheim (Saarbruecken)

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State capital Saarbrücken
Ensheim coat of arms
Coordinates: 49 ° 12 ′ 28 ″  N , 7 ° 6 ′ 31 ″  E
Height : 287 m
Area : 13.56 km²
Residents : 3432  (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 253 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1974
Postal code : 66131
Area code : 06893
Ensheim (Saarland)

Location of Ensheim in Saarland

View of Ensheim
View of Ensheim
The Catholic parish church of St. Peter in Ensheim
Peter Klein, Mayor of Ensheim (Saar) 1870/71

Ensheim is the easternmost district of the Saarland capital Saarbrücken and is located in the city ​​district of Halberg . As of December 31, 2018, 3,432 people lived there; it is therefore the third smallest district in the district.

Until 1974 Ensheim was an independent municipality in the district of Sankt Ingbert .


Ensheim is located around 9 km east-southeast of Saarbrücken city center, is separated from the rest of the city by the Ensheim valley , in which the Wieschbach flows, and is located directly south of Saarbrücken airport . On the slopes of Ensheimer Höhe (approx.  321  m ; location of the airport) in the north, Wickersberg ( 361.4  m ) in the west and Ormesberg, it is on both sides of the small Aubach, a northern tributary of the nearby Saarbach . The small Wieschbach tributary Erlenbach rises directly to the northwest of the village .


The place name on " -heim " belongs to a place name type that was often chosen in the early Middle Ages . The written tradition begins in the 12th century. In 1121 the St. Martin monastery in Lubeln owned the fourth part of the church in Onsheim . In 1264, the Wadgassen Abbey acquired the Lubeln property in Ensheim and expanded it in the course of the following decades through acquisitions. Until the abbey of Wadgassen was dissolved in 1792, the abbey was the landlord in Ensheim. In 1816 Ensheim became Bavarian and belonged to the Palatinate (Bavaria) .

After the First World War , the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919 determined the formation of the Saar area as a mandate of the League of Nations from the southernmost parts of Prussia and the westernmost part of the West Palatinate . From then on, Ensheim was no longer Bavarian, but belonged to the Saar area and later to the Saarland .

The affiliation to the district of Sankt Ingbert was dissolved on January 1, 1974 with the Saarland regional and administrative reform. Since then Ensheim has been a district of Saarbrücken within the Saarbrücken district of Halberg (→ List of districts of Saarbrücken ).

Church history

Up until the Reformation, Ensheim was a Catholic with a strong connection to the Wadgassen Abbey . 1575 was by the Count Philip III. from Nassau-Saarbrücken (1574–1602) introduced the Lutheran Confession . In 1680 the area around Ensheim was occupied by France, which, as part of its religious policy, restored the Catholic faith in the occupied territories. Even after France had to evacuate the annexed areas on the Saar due to the Peace of Rijswijk in 1697, recatholization continued.

Only at the beginning of the 19th century did Protestants move in, who were initially looked after from Kirkel-Neuhäusel . In 1852 a Protestant vicariate was set up in St. Ingbert , which included Ensheim, Eschringen and Ommersheim . Ensheim's former affiliation to the Palatinate still determines the church organization today. Ensheim is the only community in Saarbrücken that belongs to the Evangelical Church of the Palatinate (Protestant regional church) , while all other parts of the city belong to the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . In contrast to other districts of Saarbrücken, which belong to the Diocese of Trier , the Catholic population belongs to the Diocese of Speyer , as does the neighboring community of Eschringen .


Party political tendencies

Analyzes by the city of Saarbrücken describe Ensheim as a stronghold of the CDU; all other parties regularly achieved below-average results there compared to the city as a whole.

Election results

choice voter turnout SPD CDU The left B'90 / Greens FDP other
City council election 2009 36.5% 19.1% 42% 14.4% 7.4% 10.3% 6.8%
State election 2009 71.3% 15.7% 41.3% 21.3% 5.7% 11.1% 4.9%
Bundestag election 2009 77.6% 17.8% 35.4% 22.0% 6.9% 13.0% 4.9%
State election 2012 65.2% 21.2% 40.0% 16.4% 6.2% 1.9% 14.3%
Bundestag election 2013 75.5% 24.2% 42.1% 10.0% 5.5% 5.2% 13%
City council election 2014 36.5% 32.0% 30.4% 10.4% 11.5% 3.6% 11%

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on June 21, 1958.

Blazon : "Split, on the right in blue a silver abbot's staff emerging from the lower edge of the shield, on the left in silver three oblique, four-petalled red roses with golden lugs and green sepals."

The colors of the place are blue - white.

The abbot emphasizes that the place belonged to the Wadgassen Abbey, as well as the roses that are contained in the seal of this abbey (Madonna with roses). The colors indicate that it later belonged to Nassau-Saarbrücken.

The design of the coat of arms comes from the Saarbrücken State Archives.

Culture and sights


In the list of monuments of the Saarland, some buildings in Ensheim and outside of the local area are listed as individual monuments. These include u. a. the Catholic parish church of St. Peter (hall 1755, extension hall 1834, transept, choir and tower from 1907 to 1909, furnishings from the 18th century), the provost's office of the Wadgassen monastery with surrounding wall (Propsteigarten, mansion around 1750, second half of the building was increased 19th century) and the Ensheimer Hof .



Among other things, there is a club for old tractors in Ensheim, the IG of the agricultural machinery friends Ensheim and the surrounding area . The association collects old agricultural machinery, especially tractors. The tractor meeting, which takes place every two years on the second weekend in July, is one of the largest in Saarland.

Tractor meeting in Ensheim 2005

There has been a tennis club in Ensheim since 1968; In 1956 a model railway club was founded. In 1919, 1. FC Ensheim, the first football club in the area, was founded, and DJK Ensheim was founded the following year . With the TV Ensheim there is also a gymnastics club in Ensheim.

In 1856 the music association Arion was founded in Ensheim , which today consists of a student orchestra, a youth orchestra and the large orchestra. The Ensheim Kneipp association was founded in Ensheim in 1896 . After it was re-established in 1953, it now has around 260 members. The carnival association Ensemmer Aldi , founded in 2011, is concerned with maintaining the Ensheim carnival tradition. The Gewerbeverein Ensheim eV was founded in 2018 . In August 2019 it had 60 trade members.

Web links

Commons : Ensheim  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Office for Development Planning, Statistics and Elections. State capital Saarbrücken, accessed on April 16, 2019 .
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 803 .
  3. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-53355186b2240
  4. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-532aef57eccbc
  5. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-5915a373d595a
  6. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-532aef57c7b0a
  7. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-5915a373d595a
  8. http://www.saarbruecken.de/media/download-5c7942a3f1415
  9. List of monuments of the Saarland, partial list of monuments state capital Saarbrücken (PDF; 653 kB), accessed on July 8, 2012
  10. Model Railway Club in Ensheim ( Memento of the original from October 18, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.mec-ensheim.de