State capital Saarbrücken
|Height :||280 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.05 km²|
|Residents :||3901 (May 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||388 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1974|
|Postal code :||66132|
|Area code :||0681|
Location of Bischmisheim in Saarland
View from Flughafenstrasse near Ensheim to Bischmisheim
Bischmisheim is located on the ridge north of the Saar , about five kilometers east of the city center of Saarbrücken and is one of the oldest places in Saarland. From the water tower on the "Steinacker" and from the nature reserve in the extended elevated road, there is a good view of the Saar Valley and Lorraine, which is barely six kilometers away .
Bischmisheim was first mentioned in a document in 884 and is therefore one of the oldest towns in the central Saar region.
At the request of Archbishop Fulko of Reims , Emperor Karl III. the Reimser Stift the village of Biscofesheim (Bischofsheim, later Bischmisheim). In 1152, Bischmisheim was subordinated to the provost of St. Remigius bei Kusel , founded in 1124 and located 50 kilometers northwest of Bischmisheim. In the 13th century, Bischmisheim was leased from the provost to the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken and later became the property of the County of Saarbrücken , as the provost was dissolved during the Reformation in the Duchy of Pfalz-Zweibrücken .
The folk etymological explanation of the village name as "place / home of the bishop" is problematic. It is rather unlikely that a small settlement over a distant and indirect property should have been named after a bishop, whose seat is again more than 250 kilometers west of Bischmisheim (and who was also only an indirect owner via the Probstei St. Remigius) ; In addition, the designation of the Probstei makes it clear that the use of the word 'bishop' as a functional designation would have been atypical - if so, then the name of the specific bishop who received the property would have been chosen.
Another explanation for the place name follows the vasconic hypothesis . The Munich linguist Theo Vennemann , who advocates this hypothesis, points out that existing toponyms (place names) are usually adopted by new immigrants (linguistic substrate). A conspicuous accumulation of similar names in a similar geography would therefore be an indicator of an existing word in an earlier settlement phase. The accumulation of "bishop" place names on each elongated mountain ridge suggests that this could also have been the case here (although in individual cases it can of course always be a coincidence or another derivation). In any case, this topological description 'fits' clearly to "Bischmisheim", as well as to many other, similar place names ( Bischoffsheim in Alsace , Bischofroda , Bischofsheim in the Rhön ). The vasconic hypothesis is based on an old European language , the last existing relic of which is Basque . There is the word 'bizkar' which means 'ridge', 'elongated hill in the mountains'. This toponymic description applies exactly to Bischmisheim.
If this explanation should be correct, it would also mean that the settlement of the Bischmisheim mountain ridge took place in old European times. Accordingly, the area of today's place Bischmisheim would have been inhabited before the Indo-European conquest, i.e. before the third millennium BC.
For centuries, Bischmisheim was a pure farming village. In the middle of the 18th century, with the early industrialization , Bischmisheim experienced a small economic boom, which continued steadily in the 19th century, as industrial companies settled in close proximity in Brebach and in the Scheidter Valley. The majority of the inhabitants now worked in industry or as craftsmen and only ran agriculture as a part-time job. Today there are only a few farms in Bischmisheim.
The Schinkel Church in Bischmisheim, inaugurated in 1824, is of national importance .
On January 1, 1974, Bischmisheim lost its independence: In the course of the regional and administrative reform , the place was incorporated into the state capital Saarbrücken.
Since 2009 there has been a competition group of the Saarbrücken fire brigade in the Bischmisheim fire fighting district that successfully participates in fire brigade performance competitions in accordance with CTIF at home and abroad.
coat of arms
The former municipality was granted a coat of arms on December 3, 1964.
Blazon : "Divided by gold and green in a zigzag cut, above a seven-spoke black cogwheel, accompanied by two black ears, below a golden clover-leaf cross."
The colors of the district are green - yellow.
The clover-leaf cross stands for the former spiritual rule of the village, the later of the Counts of Saarbrücken-Commercy and the tower cross of the village church. The gear comes from the coat of arms of the Brebach office, which was called Bischmisheim until April 1, 1936. In association with the ears of wheat, it indicates industry and agriculture as the main sources of income for the citizens.
The coat of arms was designed by Manfred Deutsch.
- Irene Bernard (1908–2002), resistance fighter in the Résistance
- Hermann Neuberger (1919–1992), 7th President of the DFB , lived in Bischmisheim.
- History workshop Bischmisheim:
- Brochure "Bischmisheim"
- Bibliography Bischmisheim
- The history of the village of Bischmisheim in the Middle Ages
- Literature about Bischmisheim in the Saarland Bibliography
- Population on August 31, 2014 (PDF) at: www.saarbruecken.de, accessed on October 5, 2014
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 803 .