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State capital Saarbrücken
Coat of arms of Eschringen
Coordinates: 49 ° 11 ′ 27 ″  N , 7 ° 6 ′ 4 ″  E
Area : 3.35 km²
Residents : 1258  (December 31, 2011)
Population density : 376 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1974
Postal code : 66130
Area code : 06893
Eschringen (Saarland)

Location of Eschringen in Saarland

View of Eschringen
View of Eschringen

Eschringen (French Escherange ) is a district of the Saarland state capital Saarbrücken .


The district of Eschringen is located about 10 km southeast of Saarbrücken city center. Eschringen is located on the edge of the Mandelbach valley and is surrounded by orchards, pastures, forests and fields.


From Saarbrücken via St. Johann you get to Eschringen by first driving through the federal road 51 to the district of Brebach . Here, finally, you turn onto the L 107, which leads to Blieskastel . This is how you get to Eschringen via Fechingen . It is also possible to drive on the A6 / A620 from Luxembourg / Saarlouis / Saarbrücken and leave it at the Fechingen junction. Here you turn right onto the L107 and reach Eschringen via Fechingen.


Located in the middle of meadows and fertile fields with many fruit trees, Eschringen, with its rural character, is an exception to the otherwise industrial environment of Saarbrücken. Eschringen lies in the valley of the Saarbach, which is colloquially known as the Eschringer Bach or "the Bach".

The corridors, divided in the south by the Buschbach and the Hembach and in the north by the Kimmbach, rise in several terrain levels upwards from 220 m in the valley floor to 360 m above sea level. Gentle hills all around frame the charming landscape, the Ransbacher Berg in the south (368/373 m), the Gebberg in the west (331 m), the Wickersberg in the north (361 m), the Ormesheimer Berg (385 m) and the Koppelberg (360 m) in the east. Except for the Wickersberg, mixed forests cover the heights.

On both sides of the brook, the houses have been growing up the slopes from the valley since the Middle Ages to a step in the terrain that the watercourse formed in the earth's diluvial period between lower and middle shell limestone.

Nature and bird protection areas are designated in the Überwald and in the Sitters (with wetland biotopes that NABU looks after). A large network of paths invites you to walk and hike; various of these are part of the Saarland circular hiking trail.


Eschringen was founded in the time of the Frankish conquest between 460 and 480 AD. This is indicated by the ingen ending of the place name, derived from the Frankish noble Askarich. Furthermore, Franconian row graves from the 6th / 7th can be found on the Schneidersberg and above the Ponsbachtal. Century. Thus, the place is one of the oldest settlements in Saarland.

The first documentary mention dates from the year 893, when Bishop Robert I of Metz transferred three lots of manors “in villa Erkirichingos” to his priestly community St. Terentius near Ottweiler . The land was given to the diocese of Metz or the priestly community of St. Arnual by a descendant of Askarich or inherited. When St. Terentius was dissolved towards the end of the 10th century, two lots fell back to the St. Arnual monastery , which they transferred to the St. Johann church in the 16th century . They appeared in documents until 1793 as “St. Johann goods ”. The third lot went to an ancestor of the first Saarbrücken count house from the diocese. In 1152 Ditmar, a relative of Count Friedrich von Saarbrücken , gave this lot to the Premonstratensian Abbey of Wadgassen , which in 1313 bought additional goods from Gerhard von Eschringen. The Wadgassen Abbey administered the property together with its Ensheim property and remained the landlord of Eschringen until 1793 .

In addition to the St. Arnual Abbey and the Wadgassen Abbey, a branch ( coming ) of the Teutonic Order “before” Saarbrücken and the Wilhelmitenkloster Gräfinthal landlords in Eschringen were established in 1291. Over the centuries, the shares of the rights as community, ban and high court lords were made up as follows: Deutscher Orden 1/4 (1291), Graefinthal 1/4 (1515 and 1666), Nassau-Saarbrücken 3/8 ( 1552 and 1571), the Counts von der Leyen 1/8 (1666). These landlords together formed the "Vierherrschaft Eschringen", where the Eschringer Bann was the territory of this rule. From the community people, the landlords appointed the Vierherrenmeier , who was responsible for the administration of the property. The Meier formed the village court together with four lay judges .

In 1635 the place was plundered, burned and depopulated several times during the Thirty Years War . Only a few residents returned after the war and so it took almost 100 years until the pre-war population was reached again. During the French reunification policy (1680-1697), the four-man village Eschringen fell to France, although the Teutonic Order was not allowed to exercise its rights. In the 18th century the county of Saarbrücken claimed sole sovereignty over Eschringen, which was never recognized by the other landlords. The entry of French revolutionary troops during the coalition wars ended the "Vierherrschaft Eschringen" in 1793.

The Laurentius Chapel

After France initially occupied the left bank of the Rhine , Eschringen belonged to France from 1798 to 1814 after the Peace of Campo Formio . Due to a French administrative reform in 1800 Eschringen lost its independence and was assigned to the Ensheim dairy . After the Wars of Liberation and the Congress of Vienna , Eschringen became part of the Bavarian Rhine District in the canton of Blieskastel , District Commissioner Zweibrücken in 1816 . Ecclesiastically, the place became part of the Speyer diocese . In 1836 the village got its first schoolhouse, in 1898 a second one, which today houses a kindergarten. In 1902 Eschringen was assigned to the St. Ingbert District Office.

In terms of infrastructure , the village received an aqueduct in 1907/08 and a tram and tram with depot in 1911/13. Households were electrified in 1922 .

After the First World War , the place belonged to the Saar area from 1920 to 1935 , under the administration of the League of Nations . The Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius was built between 1928 and 1930 . In 1935 the Saar region, and with it Eschringen, returned to Germany. During the Second World War , the place was evacuated twice and suffered many deaths, great losses of property and damage to buildings as a result of fighting.

After the war, Eschringen belonged to the Saar Protectorate , which was detached from Germany and economically linked to France. In 1955 the referendum on the European Saar Statute took place, which was rejected by a majority and so in 1957 the reorganization into the Federal Republic of Germany took place . In 1958 Eschringen became an independent municipality again. As a result of the regional and administrative reform in Saarland , Eschringen became a district of the Saarland capital of Saarbrücken on January 1, 1974.

Population development

year Residents
1961 1348
1970 1504
1991 1424
1998 1364
2006 1371

In 1970 490 households were registered. Of the population, 736 were male and 768 female.

Culture and sights


In the list of monuments of the Saarland a variety of structures in Eschringen are as single monument listed. These include u. a. the Catholic parish church of St. Laurentius , built in 1928-30 , the Catholic chapel of St. Laurentius , rebuilt in 1716 with furnishings, and several residential and farmhouses from the 19th century. According to the list of monuments, the Eschringer Hof ensemble (courtyard with outbuildings, 18th century three-wing complex, 19th century stables), the Hauptstraße ensemble and the Eschringer Mühle ensemble (1883, farmhouses and residential houses around 1850) are under ensemble protection .

Economy and Infrastructure


Saarbahn GmbH buses (line 120) run regularly in Eschringen . This ensures a connection to the city center. The Saarbahn at Brebach station can be reached by bus via the Brebach-Fechingen district. In the opposite direction it is possible to continue to Ensheim and Ormesheim . It is also possible to continue to the Mandelbachtal via regional buses. In the mornings, school buses run by Saarbahn GmbH for the schoolchildren go to the city center, which also take schoolchildren in the immediate vicinity.

The L 239 connects Eschringen with Ensheim, Saarbrücken Airport and the former district town of St. Ingbert .

Web links

Commons : Eschringen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. City district dossier  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 21 kB) At:, accessed on June 14, 2012@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  2. ↑ Description of the place ( memento of the original from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. On: @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b c d e f g Chronicle of Eschringen by Heinrich Moog at:, accessed on July 8, 2012
  4. ↑ Location description - residents ( memento of the original dated September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. On: @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. a b List of monuments of the Saarland, sub-monuments list state capital Saarbrücken (PDF; 653 kB), accessed on July 8, 2012