In 1941 he was appointed by Pope Pius XII. appointed titular bishop of Lebessus (Lebissos) in Lycia and appointed coadjutor bishop of the Speyer diocese . He received his episcopal consecration on June 29, 1941, Bishop Ludwig Sebastian from Speyer ; Co- consecrators were the Bishop of Würzburg , Matthias Ehrenfried , and the Bamberg Auxiliary Bishop Joseph Otto Kolb . On May 20, 1943, Wendel took over the office of Bishop of Speyer. On November 7, 1952, he was enthroned as successor to Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber on the chair of the Archbishop of Munich and Freising.
As Bishop of Speyer, Wendel was already involved in the establishment of a South German Lieutenancy of the Order of the Knights of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem . In November 1952, Cardinal Grand Master Nicola Canali in Rome made the appointment as Honorary Grand Prior of the Order of the Knights of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem .
In 1956 he became the first military bishop of the newly founded Bundeswehr . In 1960 he organized the World Eucharistic Congress in Munich, which also marked the theological high point of his career.
He died of a heart attack after the New Year's Eve sermon in 1960 in the bishop's court.
Wendel was an honorary member of the KDStV Aenania Munich and the KDStV Tuiskonia Munich in the CV as well as the KSSt.V. Alemannia Munich in the KV . Joseph Wendel joined the movement of the same name as a chaplain after a retreat in Schoenstatt . In addition to his work as director of the Episcopal Study Home in Speyer, he led the Schoenstatt Movement in the Diocese of Speyer. The retreat for his episcopal ordination was held by the founder of the Schoenstatt Movement, Father Josef Kentenich .
Episcopal coat of arms
The bishop's coat of arms shows in fields 1 and 3 a white cross on a blue field, the diocese coat of arms of Speyer. In fields 2 and 4 the personal coat of arms, on a blue background above a wavy band a white dove and below a crown. The crown stands for the kingdom of Christ (Christ the King), the water above it symbolizes the water of baptism through which one enters the kingdom of Christ. The dove stands above it twice: As a symbol for the Holy Spirit of love and truth.
The revised coat of arms of Cardinal Wendel: In the coat of arms is the Freising Mohr as a symbol for the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising as well as the personal coat of arms of the cardinal.
The words of his coat of arms, "Veritati et Caritati", refer to the realm of truth ("Veritati") and love ("Caritati"), which Cardinal Wendel wanted to serve: especially in times of disregard for faith such as during the Third Rich when Joseph Wendel chose the saying.
Coat of arms as the bishop of Speyer
- 1952: Great Cross of Merit with Star and Shoulder Ribbon of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1956: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1958: Bavarian Order of Merit
- Karl-Ulrich Gelberg: Cardinal Wendel and Bavarian Politics 1952-1960. In: Contributions to Old Bavarian Church History, Vol. 46 (2001), pp. 209–233.
- Manfred Heim : Wendel, Joseph. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 17, Bautz, Herzberg 2000, ISBN 3-88309-080-8 , Sp. 1543-1545.
- Literature by and about Joseph Wendel in the catalog of the German National Library
- Wendel, Joseph. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed August 9, 2016.
- Entry on Joseph Wendel on catholic-hierarchy.org ; accessed on August 9, 2016.
- CV of Cardinal Wendel at www.erzbistum-muenchen.de
- Hans Jürgen Brandt : Jerusalem has friends - Munich and the order of knights of the Holy Sepulcher: Festgabe for the golden jubilee of the Commandery Patrona Bavariae , EOS Verlag 2010, page 176 ff.
|Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber||
Archbishop of Munich and Freising
|Julius Cardinal Döpfner|
Bishop of Speyer
|Isidor Markus Emanuel|
Military Bishop for the Bundeswehr
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Wendel, Joseph Cardinal (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German clergyman, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Munich and Freising (1952–1960)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 27, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Blieskastel|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 31, 1960|
|Place of death||Munich|