Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations
Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations
|coat of arms||logo|
|Surname:||Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations|
Germany Belgium Hungary Italy Japan Cameroon Poland Switzerland
|Foundation on:||December 6, 1856|
|Place of foundation:||Munich and Breslau|
|Resolution:||June 20, 1938 ( Himmler Decree )|
|Reconstitution:||1950 , Cartel Assembly in Mainz|
|Links:||125 full members (list)
+ 6 associates
|Principles:||Religio, Scientia, Amicitia, Patria|
|Type of members:||Men's leagues|
|Position to the scale :||not striking|
|Motto:||In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas.|
|Color status :||colored|
|Head / Chair:||Suburb of Regensburg (student union)
Claus-Michael Lommer (old gentlemen's union )
|Total members:||approx. 30,000 (as of 2014)|
|Office:||Linzer Strasse 82
53604 Bad Honnef
The Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations ( CV ) is an association of German , Catholic , non-striking , color-bearing student associations .
The Cartell Association has 125 full member associations in Germany , Switzerland , Italy and Poland , one free association in Hungary and one free association within Germany and four friendly associations in Belgium , France , Japan and Cameroon . These 131 associations together have around 32,000 members, including around 6,000 students. This makes the CV by far the largest interdisciplinary association of academics in Europe.
In Austria , the Cartell Association and CV mostly refer to the Austrian Cartell Association (ÖCV), which was split off from the German Cartell Association in 1933 .
The CV is an amalgamation of individual associations in compliance with the principle of subsidiarity , that is, the greatest possible retention of their independence. All members of the CV are equal and have the same voting rights at meetings. The principle of anciency only applies to the protocol , whereby the connections are sorted according to their joining date .
The activities of the individual connections together form the student union , the old gentlemen together form the old gentlemen's union .
In cities in which several member associations are located, these associations should set up local associations that are to coordinate the work of the associations among themselves. There are local chapters in: Aachen (7 connections), Bonn (7) Darmstadt (3), Freiburg im Breisgau (6), Hanover (3), Cologne (6), Munich-Freising-Weihenstephan (10), Münster ( 7), Würzburg (5) and Erlangen-Nürnberg (3) and Mainz (3).
CV circles exist in most German cities, around 247, as well as in Brussels , Luxembourg , Paris and New York . Here the Cartell brothers, especially the old men in their professional life, can keep in touch with each other, even if there is no CV connection in the city. The oldest CV circle is the CV circle Confluentia Koblenz, founded in 1876 .
The highest decision-making body is the Cartel Assembly (CV). Individual sessions take place separately according to the student union and the elderly union. Here every activity or every old man has a voice. In joint meetings of active and old men, each connection has two votes, one for the old man and one for the activitas.
In addition to the conferences, the Cartel assembly is an important common element of the Cartel associations. Over four days, an extensive program of festivities will be held at which the central Kommersbuch of CV, a hard ball and the joint Holy Mass and an extensive supporting program include.
In addition to the Cartel Assembly, a student day and an old gentlemen's day (supra-regional meeting of the old men) take place every year.
The highest governing body is the CV Council . The chairman of the old gentlemen's association chairs the chair. The three other members are the local president and one elected by the Cartell assembly each of the old gentlemen and student representatives. The CV Council has the organizational overall direction over other bodies commissioned by the Cartel Assembly. These institutions include the CV offices, including the pastoral, treasury, university, social and legal offices.
As a rule, a single connection or a local association takes over the suburb , the chairmanship of the CV, every year . The suburb presidium consists of the suburban president and other specialist speakers (mostly: budget officer, organizational officer, education officer, officer for university and social policy, foreign officer, officer for press and public relations, officer for faith and church). The suburb represents the general association internally and externally. The outward sign is the use of the CV standard. The local presidium presides over the student union.
Representatives of the old gentlemen's association are elected every four years. The senior gentlemen's association consists of the senior gentlemen's association chairman and other regional speakers. The senior gentlemen's association presides over the senior gentlemen's association.
The Cartell Association has its own association jurisdiction at association level, local association level, regional level and association level.
The Cartell Association is the publisher of its own association journal Academia , which appears every two months. The 100-page magazine was founded in 1888. The edition is given as 31,974 copies in 2005. In addition to the usual reports on the association, extensive articles on the state, society and science are published.
Organizations and foundations related to the CV
The CV has had its own training facility, the CV Academy , since 1974 . Non-members can also take part in the offer. The Studienstiftung Eugen Bolz supports the democratic and civic education of students. With the help of the Felix Porsch-Johannes Denk Foundation , young scientists are given scholarships to study at home and abroad. The Alfons-Fleischmann-Studentenheimverein is supposed to support the construction of student dormitories. The CV-Africa Aid supports several projects in Africa and encourage African students in their home country as well as scholarships for a semester abroad. The Association for Student History and Student Customs is still part of the association. V.
As part of the Kulturkampf , in which the Prussian state wanted to push back the influence of the Catholic Church, Catholic associations were founded in the middle of the 19th century as a counter-movement of Catholic students at various universities, including the Bavaria Bonn (1844) and the Aenania Munich (1851). These connections emerged from loose associations of Catholic students, which had arisen somewhat earlier with the participation of theology students. In their inner constitution and in their outer habitus, they leaned on the traditional couleur studentism and introduced the principle of life covenant , declared the convents to be the highest decision-making body and wore couleur , i.e. ribbon and cap.
Aenania Munich , founded in 1851, sought contact with Catholic connections at other universities early on. On December 6, 1856, she entered into a Cartel relationship with the recently founded Winfridia Breslau (today Münster), which is now considered to be the birth of the Cartel Association. Both color-bearing student associations were formed on the basis of identical principles, religio, scientia et amicitia . In 1864 Guestfalia Tübingen and Austria Innsbruck joined the cartel relationship. After the failure of the Würzburg Confederation , which existed from 1864 to 1865, the oldest Catholic German association founded in 1844, Bavaria Bonn , joined in 1865 , Alsatia in 1871, later Saxonia Münster and Markomannia Würzburg . Hercynia Freiburg joined in 1873, Suevia Berlin in 1876 , Rhenania Marburg and Burgundia Leipzig in 1880 . Thus the principle of anciency was valid as a criterion for the order of the Cartel connections.
In the early years, the CV connections met with considerable resistance from the established corps and fraternities as well as the university administrations, which partly led to the prohibition of wearing colors and finally to the dissolution of Alsatia Münster, later Saxonia Münster, in 1878. Nevertheless, the CV grew in the following decades.
In 1883 KaV Norica Wien , Hasso-Rhenania Gießen and Silesia Halle (now Bochum) joined. In 1884 Badenia Strasbourg (now Frankfurt) and Palatia Göttingen joined the Cartell Association. In 1887 Arminia joined Heidelberg and in 1889 Carolina joined Graz . In 1891 Teutonia Friborg (Switzerland) and Alemannia Greifswald (today Greifswald and Münster) joined and Normannia Karlsruhe was recognized as a friendly association, in 1892 Gothia Erlangen and 1896 Ferdinandea Prague (today Heidelberg) joined. In 1897 Vindelicia Munich, Rheno-Guestfalia Kiel and Tuisconia Königsberg (today Landshut) joined and Lovania Löwen and Nassovia Darmstadt were recognized as friendly connections. Franconia Aachen joined in 1898 .
In 1907 another principle was added to the three existing principles, patria . However, this did not mean the restriction to members of German descent or of German, Austrian or Swiss origin. Various examples illustrate this. Bavaria Bonn received the Belgian Armand Thiéry on May 15, 1892 , the Belgian Prosper Poullet on May 31, 1892 , the Belgian Thomas Braun (writer) on October 30, 1895 , the Irish John Pius Boland in 1896, and the Irishman on April 24, 1894 Belgian Ferdinand Cattoir and on November 3, 1897 the Belgian Georges Holvoet . Teutonia Freiburg im Üechtland welcomed August Povel from the Netherlands on October 29, 1894 , Joseph Andreoli from the Netherlands on November 22, 1895 , Johann Sax from Luxembourg on December 10, 1897 , Joseph Dohmen from England on January 26, 1900 , and on January 22, 1895 . Bernhard Timmermans from the Netherlands on October 1900 and Alfons Urbany from Luxembourg on June 14, 1901 . The Rheno-Franconia Munich took on the Belgian Constant Vandekelder on October 12, 1901 . The Rappoltstein Strasbourg (today Cologne) already received the American Irville Charles LeCompte on February 28, 1905 . Recordings of members of non-German descent can also be proven at Aenania Munich, Guestfalia Tübingen and Suevia Berlin.
Other Catholic associations
Since it was founded, the Cartell Association had initially limited itself to only accepting one membership association at each university (principle of singularity ). However, in many cities, other Catholic connections quickly emerged who supported the principles of the CV. Since they were not accepted into the Cartell Association , the Catholic German Association of Colored Student Corporations (KDV) was founded in 1891 around the Sauerlandia Münster and the Novesia Bonn . Although the singularity principle was abandoned in 1897, the member associations of the KDV only converted to the CV between 1910 and 1912. With the abolition of the singularity principle, the local associations were founded in which the individual connections of a city were combined.
The Cartell Association also stipulated the Matura principle for its member associations , which means that all members of a CV association should have the Abitur ( Matura ). At that time, the Abitur was not a mandatory entry requirement for studying at a technical university , so that the Normannia Karlsruhe (at the then Technical University Karlsruhe ), the Nassovia Darmstadt (at the then Technical University Darmstadt ) and the Rheno-Saxonia Köthen (am At the time, the higher technical institute in Köthen ) were not initially included in the CV as a full member. They founded the Starkenburger Cartellverband , named after the Starkenburg in Heppenheim , where the official publication took place on June 12, 1897. Since the three associations soon adopted the Matura principle, they became free associations in 1901 and full members in the CV in 1904.
Alania Bonn (1905) and 1912 Cheruskia Tübingen (1902), successors of the Tübingen founding association of the Union of Scientific Catholic Student Associations , joined the Cartell Association from the Unitas Association .
Other smaller associations that had similar or identical principles to the Cartell Association and joined the Cartell Association at the turn of the century were the 1st Austrian Cartell , founded by Austria Wien in 1889 , and the 2nd Austrian Cartell , also re-established by Austria Wien in 1900 in 1906 , as well In 1907 the Cartel of Catholic Associations at Veterinary Universities and the Association of Catholic Student Associations founded by Ripuaria Bonn and Gothia Würzburg . After the First World War, the Cartel of Catholic connections at agricultural colleges followed .
The academic culture war
The CV took this upswing despite, and precisely because of, considerable resistance to Catholic color students. The accusation was that Catholic, denominational connections endanger academic freedom. She was suspected of ultramontanism and accused of hostility to the Reich.
While the few connections of the CV had hardly played a role in the Kulturkampf (1872-1887), this changed in the disputes in the so-called Academic Kulturkampf (1903-1908) in the years after the turn of the century. Z. B. the Sugambria Jena (today Göttingen) and especially the Austrian connections compared to the national and liberal connections there.
First World War and Weimar Republic
This state of resistance changed with the First World War. In July 1914 the CV counted 12,398 original members in 80 connections, 7,199 of whom were convened during the First World War . Of these, 1282 fell or died as a result of the war, which is just over 10 percent of all members.
The end of the war also brought major changes to the CV. The association now existed within the borders of seven different states. The connections between Badenia Strasbourg and Rappoltstein Strasbourg had to leave Alsace and find a new home in Germany, on the one hand in Frankfurt and on the other in Cologne. The Sudeten German connections were able to continue in the newly formed Czechoslovakia , as well as Baltia Danzig in the Free City of Danzig and Frankonia Czernowitz in the now Romanian Czernowitz.
For the Cartell Brothers returning from the war, who often continued to fight the Spartacists in Freikorps, the common experience at the front was dominant. A sincere will to begin anew emanated from him everywhere.
The end of the pre-war tensions with the non-denominational associations found clear expression in the conclusion of the Erlangen Association and Honorary Agreement in 1921. Thus, the honorary position of the non-striking was recognized by the weapons student associations as equivalent.
Efforts were made early on at the CV level to deny Jews membership by means of an “Aryan paragraph”. So the KÖHV Franco-Bavaria Vienna , represented by the members Engelbert Dollfuss , later Austrian Federal Chancellor and founder of the Austro-Fascist corporate state , and Nivard Schlögl , professor of theology at the University of Vienna, applied at the general assembly of the Cartell Association in 1920 that members of the connections up to Generation of grandparents are not allowed to have direct Jewish relatives. In the winter semester 1920/1921 the formulated application was sent to the member associations for final voting; the application was rejected by a majority at the time.
The white ring
At the Cartel Assembly in 1912, the cartel fraternal "you" was made mandatory for all members of the Cartel Association. This did not meet with unanimous approval, because it was customary at the time to address members of associations of other associations as “you”. Since the Cartell Association had grown from only 26 associations to over 80 since the turn of the century, after the singularity principle had been abandoned, the question arose in some associations whether it would be advantageous to use names on completely unknown Cartell brothers. Since a rejection of the Duz-Comment would have resulted in the exclusion of the connections in question, the members of the White Ring decided to refer to outside Cartell brothers as “you”. The White Ring was a color student interest group within the Cartell Association, which officially existed from 1912 to 1923. Member connections were the Bavaria Bonn , the Burgundia Munich, the Ripuaria Freiburg im Breisgau and the Zollern Münster. Furthermore, there were other sympathetic connections, such as the Guestfalia Tübingen , the Thuringia Würzburg , the Rheno-Palatia Breslau, the Rheno-Franconia Munich and the Marco-Danubia Vienna . An external distinguishing feature was the wearing of a white carnation. At the Cartel Assembly in 1923, members of the White Ring were officially banned from the Siez Comment. Kurt Schuschnigg , in particular , campaigned for mutual Duzen in the association.
National Socialism and World War II
The Cartel Assembly decided in 1932 that membership in a CV connection was incompatible with membership in the NSDAP or the National Socialist German Student Union as long as the German bishops condemned National Socialism . From 1933 the process of conformity began with the introduction of the Führer principle and the resulting rapprochement with the National Socialist German Student Union. On April 3, 1933, after the episcopal ecclesiastical sanctions threats against registered National Socialists had been abandoned, the association revoked its decisions on National Socialism from the previous year. A number of activists and old men then called for a bridge to be built to the Nazi regime, as this was "on a similar intellectual-historical foundation as contemporary Catholicism". On July 7, 1933, Edmund Forschbach was appointed leader of the CV by the federal leader of the DSt Oskar Stäbel .
As a result, the Austrian connections split off into the Austrian Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (ÖCV) on July 10, 1933. The Sudeten German associations had already formed the Sudeten German Cartel Association of the Colored Catholic German Student Associations (SCV), which started on June 14th 1933 limited his relations with the Reich German CV. Since then, the story of CV, ÖCV and SCV has been separated. After the Austrian connections got out, the Cartell Association management demanded that the Imperial German Cartell brothers withdraw from their Austrian connections. Austria Cologne with the colors of Austria Innsbruck was founded as a reception institution . After the war, this connection was not re-established; all members returned to their original connections in Austria.
On July 16, 1933, Forschbach took over the official duties of the suburb of Aenania , which he held until his removal by Stäbel on March 2, 1934. On January 31, 1934, the Cartell Association officially abandoned the principle of catholicity through a declaration by the association's management. Quite a few activitas turned into "living companionship". After Hitler had made it clear in July 1935 that he was fundamentally opposed to student associations, the student associations began to dissolve. The 63rd Cartel Assembly, which met in Würzburg on October 27, 1935, also complied with the inevitable and decided to dissolve the CV itself. The individual connections and the old gentlemen's association remained in place for the time being. The various connections dissolved at the latest after the Hess decree of May 14, 1936, which forbade all student members of the NSDAP or a party branch to belong to a student association.
After the separation from the ÖCV, SCV and after the dissolution of the rest of the Cartell Association, only Teutonia Friborg in Üechtland remained, for which German laws did not apply in Switzerland. The representative said at the end: “Teutonia will remain what it was 90 semesters, a Catholic German student union.” The recommendation was made to include all active members in the old men’s associations. On June 20, 1938, the Alter CVer Association (VACV), which half of the old rulers had joined after the active association had dissolved itself, was forcibly dissolved by a Himmler decree like all other denominational (residual) student associations. This was followed by the confiscation of connective goods, particularly money and houses, by the Gestapo. The remaining assets of the VACV were liquidated and transferred to the Frauenfriedenskirche (in Frankfurt am Main) to preserve the commemoration of the dead. The rapid acceptance of National Socialist ideas by the members would be facilitated by the fact that the traditional element emphasized national aspects, which promoted the transformation of beliefs into heroic national Christianity.
Even if the connections in their external form were dissolved, they secretly lived on in many forms. For example, people met at foundation festivals outside of the university towns, where the NSDStB did not really notice. Trifels München received members in 1938, 1940 and 1942. Markomannia Würzburg received her last fox on March 15, 1939, Baltia Danzig on March 24, 1939. Alpinia Innsbruck was secretly founded in Innsbruck on May 1, 1940. On February 15, 1941, Aenania Munich celebrated its 90th foundation festival at the Spitzingsattel hut . Carolina Graz was illegally reactivated on June 15, 1941 and divided on May 15, 1943, reviving Traungau Graz. In January 1943 the members of Marchia Breslau met in Breslau, and on July 25, 1945 the members of Winfridia Breslau.
Numerous CV members perished in World War II. Many of the expropriated fraternity houses and with them often the connection archives were destroyed. The resistance against National Socialism, especially among the clergy of the CV, was more pronounced in Austria than in Germany. In Austria, the resistance group around chaplain Heinrich Maier should be mentioned in particular . CV members can be identified in several resistance groups.
After the Second World War
After the end of the war, the individual connections were re-established, initially separated according to occupation zones. There was also a start-up very soon. In 1947, CV- Philistines established the Aureata Eichstätt in Eichstätt . The first cross-zonal post-war CV conference also took place in Eichstätt in 1947 with the aim of reviving the CV as a general association. However, this could not be achieved in zoned Germany. It was not until 1950 that the first Cartel meeting after the war could be held in Mainz and the CV was officially re-established. The new constitution has since had a new structure with the equal integration of the old gentlemen's association.
The end of the war also brought major changes to the CV. The connections whose study location is now in the GDR (East Berlin, Leipzig, Greifswald, Jena, Dresden, Freiberg, Rostock), Poland (Danzig and Breslau), Czechoslovakia (Prague, Brno, Tetschen-Liebwerd), the USSR (Königsberg ) or Ukraine (Chernivtsi) had to look for a new home in Germany or Austria. In Austria, the ÖCV was re-established in 1945.
When DAV Glückauf Clausthal-Zellerfeld was re-established in 1948 in the CV, the connection with K.St.V. Salia Clausthal-Zellerfeld in KV to AV Glückauf-Salia Clausthal-Zellerfeld. It is the only Catholic association that belongs to both the colored CV and the non-colored KV .
A reunification of CV and ÖCV did not take place after the Second World War and is not being considered. Both associations maintain a close friendship and consider themselves to be sister associations. To this end, on December 5, 1957, the Salzburg Two Association Agreement was concluded between the two corporation associations .
Furthermore, CV and ÖCV, together with the Swiss Student Association (SchwStV), concluded the Innsbruck three-association agreement on February 10, 1963, which included the individual association agreements with the CV on the one hand, the Bregenz two-association agreement of January 5, 1953, and the ÖCV, on the other. the Zurich Two Association Agreement of February 13, 1947, replaced.
Despite many adversities, the association recovered by the beginning of the student movement in the late 1960s. Against the background of the student unrest and the general enthusiasm for reform, the CV discussed the admission of non-Catholic Christians, as well as the abandonment of formalities and organizational structures (admission of women, abolition of Fuxen status, couleur, bars, etc.).
The CV reaffirmed its ideals and the cultural student traditions and, like all other corporation associations, had to accept a sharp decline in membership development. Since the mid-1970s, the number of active members has halved to around 5,500. Nevertheless, the association has strengthened internally since then.
The Freiburg Cartell Association took over the association's suburb in 1971. The Hercyne Stephan gatekeeper becomes the local president . After his term of office has expired, there is no local association who wants to take over the suburb next. Stephan Pförtner takes on a second term of office and, following his term of office, introduces a mandatory sequence for the suburb.
Another association agreement was concluded on May 24, 1974 with the Technical Cartell Association (TCV).
In 1975, CV co-founded the European Cartel Association of Christian Student Associations (EKV).
Another association agreement was concluded in 1977 with the Katholiek Vlaams Hoogstudenten Verbond (KVHV).
Since 1981 there have been association agreements with the Association of Scientific Catholic Student Associations Unitas (UV).
The Cartell Association is also a member of the Association of Catholic Lawyers and several working groups, the Working Group of Catholic Student Associations (AGV) , the Catholic Academic Work of Germany (KAD), the Pax Romana - International Catholic Movement for Intellectual & Cultural Affairs and the Salzburg University Weeks (SHW) .
The CV is a member of the Working Group of Academic Associations (AaV).
In recent years, the CV has addressed the public with socio-political resolutions.
The CV has also succeeded in establishing corporations at new universities in Germany as well as in the area of the former German Democratic Republic (Dresden, Halle, Magdeburg, Jena) and in taking up student associations founded in the GDR (Greifswald, Leipzig).
Other corporations abroad joined the CV, e.g. B. in Rome (Italy), in Fünfkirchen (Hungary) and in Opole in Silesia (Poland). In Tokyo (Japan) and in Leuven in Flanders (Belgium) there are friendly connections.
Ripuaria Aachen (1912) came from the RKDB in 1988 and the Guelfia Würzburg (1927) from the TCV came to the Cartell Association in 2003. In addition, a CV connection was established in Ingolstadt in 2004 with the KDStV Aureo-Danubia zu Ingolstadt .
In 2006, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Cartell Association in Munich, another joint Cartell meeting of CV and ÖCV, the 120th, took place. The last joint Cartel meeting before the separation of the two associations took place in 1932 under the suburb of Aenania Munich, also in Munich.
In July 2006, the Cartell Association, the largest Catholic association of academics in Germany and Europe, demanded a permanent seat on the highest Catholic lay committee in Germany, the Central Committee of German Catholics (ZdK).
At the Cartell meeting in Erlangen on June 12th, 2009 the acceptance of the KTV Visurgis to Bremen from the TCV, as well as a friendship relationship with the KAV Rheno-Fua-Ndem in Dschang , Cameroon was decided. The latter was supported by CV Afrikahilfe e. V. and the KDStV Rheno-Baltia on December 7th, 2009 at the University of Dschang.
By unanimous decision of the CV Council, the Cartel Association suspended its membership in the European Cartel Association from January 1, 2007 until the end of 2009 . In these two years, neither membership fees nor services were paid for the EKV. The Cartell Association was particularly bothered by the influence of the EKV on the interests of its member associations. The number of member connections has increased further since 2010 due to new foundations (Amberg, Lippstadt, Siegen) and transfers from the TCV (Coburg).
Principles and goals
The common basis for all Cartell brothers (members of the student associations in the CV) is an attitude to life divided into four principles:
- Religio : The promotion of being a Catholic, the promotion of tolerance among the Christian denominations and the active shaping of one's own life based on the Catholic faith in responsibility before God, people and creation.
- Scientia : For the CV, the maintenance of science is an important task to which he is committed. For the Cartell brothers this includes a successful degree as well as a willingness to lifelong learning and interdisciplinary interest.
- Amicitia : As a defining element of the association, personal friendship across all generations is a matter of course as a principle of life that goes beyond studying. Dealing with one another is shaped by responsibility for this lifelong spiritual and material obligation.
- Patria : Every democratic state lives through the responsibility of every citizen for the state. Active participation at all levels of the community is a civic duty. The roots in history and the democratic development of Germany are essential foundations for the further development of this community into a united Europe as a common fatherland.
These four principles are again expressly stated in the statutes of most member associations. In some connections the fourth principle 'Patria' is missing.
The goals of the Cartell Association are as follows:
- The CV promotes academic training and promotes academic life in a variety of ways.
- The members of the associations that form the Cartell Association are Catholics; they are involved in church, state, society, colleges and universities.
- The CV as an organization and the members of the associations it organizes shape society in a common Europe that is growing together in the spirit of basic Christian values.
Motto, coat of arms and federal song
The motto of the CV is: In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas ("Unanimity prevails in what is necessary, freedom in doubt, charity in everything").
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Cartell Association was adopted at the Cartell Assembly in Innsbruck in 1925, designed by Joseph Weiß ( Aenania Munich ) in 1921 and designed by Philipp Schumacher (Austria Innsbruck).
Blazon : “Divided by gold and red, at the top a growing black eagle set off in silver on its wings and beak, covered with a silver breastplate, in it the Christ symbol Chi-Rho in red , below on a green monastery a conical, black-jointed silver round tower with black window , protruding tin roof and central black portal in the cylindrical base, surrounded by two six-pointed golden stars. - On the lancing helmet silvery green-and right left red-and-gold ceiling , a growing blond youth (Scholar) in natural colors, wearing a goldgegürteten, green, merging into the ceiling Schoßwams with wide, golden Goller , golden upper sleeve rings and cuff plus Conical brimless green felt hat and a silver shirt collar poking out, on the right side a silver pennale (pen = symbol for the student, in Latin penna - pen), on the left a golden rapier , in the right hand a slanting gold-tipped flag lance, followed by a follower Double-sided waving silver banner (CV flag), waving to the left in a volute, inside a symmetrical golden paw cross on the front, covered with a shield enclosed by a green wreath penetrating the upper cross bar, inside the black capitals 'CV', in on the left a red, gold-covered book . ”Front (right), below and l Inks a three-part silver banner that penetrates the ceilings with the CV's motto, which is also made up of three parts, in black fracture : In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas - "In the necessary [rule] unanimity, in the doubtful freedom, in all charity."
Symbolization of the coat of arms elements:
- Eagle with the Greek monogram of Christ (Chi-Rho): principles religio and patria
- Defense and watchtower: the idea of unity for protection and defiance by the association
- Two stars on the side of the tower: Foundation by Aenania Munich and Winfridia Breslau (green and gold are the colors common to the foundation associations and at the same time the colors of the CV)
- Young man ( scholar ) with CV flag and book in the crest: Association of students
The federal song of the Cartell Association is "Let, you colorfully capped Scharen" and was written by Heinrich Gassert ( Hercynia Freiburg ) in 1885. The melody comes from the folk song "Strömt herbei ihr Völkerscharen" by Peter Johannes Peters and was first published in 1867.
A current list of all member associations, broken down by city, can be found here: List of member associations of the CV .
A list of the connections with their own Wikipedia entry can be found in the category: CV connection
Before the split between CV and ÖCV in 1933
- 1869: 4 connections with 566 members
- 1875: 8 connections with 840 members
- 1880: 11 connections with 1,223 members
- 1885: 16 connections with 1,577 members
- 1890: 18 connections with 2,011 members
- 1895: 21 connections with 2,773 members
- 1900: 30 connections with 4,039 members
- 1905: 50 connections with 6,197 members
- 1910: 67 connections with 8,966 members
- 1915: 80 connections with 12,398 members
- 1920: 95 connections with 14,991 members
- 1925: 113 connections with 19,840 members
- 1931: 123 connections with 26,746 members
After the split between CV and ÖCV in 1933
- 1950: 95 connections with 17,308 members
- 1955: 105 connections with 24,744 members
- 1960: 108 connections with 29,531 members
- 1965: 111 connections with 33,224 members
- 1970: 114 connections with 34,843 members
- 1975: 117 connections with 33,488 members
- 1980: 116 connections with 32,108 members
- 1985: 116 connections with 31,872 members
- 1990: 120 connections with 32,081 members
- 1995: 122 connections with 31,499 members
- 1998: 119 connections with 32,104 members
- 2005: 126 connections with 29,827 members
- 2018: 131 connections
Corporates of the CV
A list of known corporates in the CV with their own Wikipedia entry can be found in the category: Corporates in the CV .
The members of the associations of the Cartell Association refer to each other as Cartell brothers who use each other as an expression of mutual solidarity. There are currently around 29,000 Cartell Brothers within the German association and around 13,000 members in Austria.
Holy and Blessed Corporates of the CV
A saint comes from the ranks of the CV :
- Archbishop Józef Bilczewski , who was a member of Frankonia (Czernowitz) Erlangen.
In addition, three blessed were incorporated in the CV:
- Father Rupert Mayer SJ , member of Teutonia Friborg, Guestfalia Tübingen and Aenania Munich
- Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen , honorary member of the FAV Rheno-Guestfalia (Hann. Münden) Göttingen
- Canons Regular Jakob Kern OPraem , member of K.Ö.HV Amelungia Vienna (now in ACA )
A beatification procedure is in progress for the following members of the CV:
- Pope Pius XII , as papal nuncio in Munich honorary member of the KDStV Trifels
- Franziskus Maria vom Kreuze Jordan (Johann Baptist Jordan), founder of the "Society of the Divine Savior" ( Salvatorians ), member of the KDStV Arminia Freiburg
- Franz Reinisch , Pallottine, Nazi victim, martyr, member of the KÖHV Leopoldina Innsbruck and the AV Rheno-Guestfalia Kiel
- Eugen Bolz , center politician and President of Württemberg, Nazi victim, martyr, member of AV Guestfalia Tübingen , KDStV Bavaria Bonn and KAV Suevia Berlin
- Johannes Lindenblatt , priest, martyr, murdered in 1945 by Russian soldiers in Rastenburg / East Prussia, member of the KDStV Hercynia Freiburg im Breisgau
- Franz Zagermann , priest, martyr, murdered in 1945 by Russian soldiers in Glockstein / Ermland, member of the KDStV Teutonia Freiburg / Switzerland and the AV Tuisconia Königsberg zu Landshut
- Artur Schulz, priest, martyr, murdered by Russian soldiers in Bischofstein in 1945, member of the AV Tuisconia Königsberg zu Landshut
- Bruno Siegel, priest, martyr, murdered by Russian soldiers in 1945, member of the AV Tuisconia Königsberg zu Landshut
- Bruno Bludau, priest, martyr, kidnapped by Russian soldiers and died in a gulag in the Urals in 1945, member of the KDStV Aenania Munich
- Paul Katscherowski, priest, martyr, beaten up by Nazis for a sermon in front of Polish prisoners of war, died on October 29, 1939 in Allenstein, a member of the KDStV Winfridia (Breslau) Münster
In his Apostolic Exhortation Tertio millenio adveniente of November 10, 1994, Pope John Paul II asked, with a view to the Jubilee Year 2000, to pay special attention to the men and women who were persecuted and killed for their faith. After several years of research by over 100 experts, the German Bishops' Conference published a directory of 700 people on The Catholic German Martyrs of the 20th Century . It also contains the names and life stories of corporates who lost their lives, especially during the time of National Socialism and Stalinism :
- Hubert Berger : (1889–1948, imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp)
- Karl Biack (1900–1944), arrested in March 1944 for “listening to foreign broadcasters”, sentenced to death and executed on November 7, 1944 in Munich – Stadelheim
- Bruno Binnebesel (1902–1944, hanged in the Brandenburg-Görden prison), Catholic priest
- Richard Bittmann (1895–1944?), Died in Auschwitz concentration camp
- Bruno Bludau (1890–1945): died in 1945 in a gulag in the Urals
- Friedrich August Bockius (1882–1945, died in Mauthausen concentration camp), member of the Reichstag
- Eugen Bolz (1881–1945, executed in Berlin-Plötzensee), President of Württemberg
- Heinrich Feurstein (1877–1942, died in Dachau concentration camp), Catholic priest and art historian
- Johannes Flintrop (1904–1942, died in Dachau concentration camp), Catholic priest
- Reinhold Frank (1896–1945, hanged in Berlin-Plötzensee), lawyer
- Franz Geueke (1887–1942 in Buchenwald concentration camp), editor-in-chief of the Rheinische Volkszeitung
- Pastor Karl Heinrich, died 1945 in Smolensk (USSR)
- Heinrich Hirtsiefer (1876–1941 after internment in a concentration camp), social politician and Deputy Prime Minister of Prussia
- Kuno Kamphausen (shot by the SS 1900–1934), building officer
- Fritz Keller (1891–1943, died in the Aachen prison), Catholic priest
- Heribert Kluger : died 1945 in Dachau concentration camp
- Augustin Lang: slain in Dittersbach in 1943
- Karl Lange: died 1945 in Gross Strehlitz
- Johannes Lindenblatt : shot by Russian soldiers in Rastenburg in East Prussia in 1945
- P. Laurentius (Stefan) Marusczyk OFM (1903–1945), died in the Russian labor camp Vseswetzkaia / Ural
- Otto Müller (1870–1944, died in the Berlin-Tegel prison), Catholic priest and association president of the KAB
- Johann Ott: executed in Prague in 1943
- Hans Quecke (1901–1945, executed by the SS in Munich on April 29, 1945), lawyer, civil servant
- Gustav Raab: died 1943 in Stalingrad (USSR)
- Franz Reinisch (1903–1942, executed in the Brandenburg-Görden prison), Catholic priest, Pallottine
- Otto Rust : died 1945 in Naumburg (shot by Red Army soldiers)
- Artur Schulz (1897–1945): priest, martyr, murdered in 1945 by Russian soldiers in Bischofstein
- Franz Xaver Schweyer : died in Munich in 1935
- Bruno Siegel (1889–1945): priest, martyr, murdered by Russian soldiers in 1945, member of the AV Tuisconia Königsberg zu Landshut
- Wilhelm Thater (1893–1945, in Samara (USSR)), archpriest
- Konrad Trageser (died 1884–1942 in Dachau concentration camp), Catholic priest
- Franz Virnich (died 1882–1943 in the Brandenburg-Görden prison), lawyer
- Otto Weiß (lawyer) (1902–1944), administrative lawyer, hanged in Brandenburg prison
- Franz Zagermann , priest, martyr, murdered in 1945 by Russian soldiers in Glockstein / Ermland, member of the KDStV Teutonia Freiburg / Switzerland and the AV Tuisconia Königsberg zu Landshut
- Felix Zimmermann: died 1945 in Semereit camp (USSR)
- Helmut Zint: died 1945 in Jeneikow (USSR)
Victims of the National Socialists
In addition to the victims, referred to as “martyrs” by the Roman Catholic Church, there were other corporates who were persecuted or killed by the National Socialists.
- Kaspar Aßhoff (1898–1945), hanged by the SS, co-founder and chief executive of the Reichsinnungsverband des Kraftfahrzeughandwerk in Berlin
- Heinrich Becker, removed Nazi flag from his church (Dachau concentration camp)
- Ludwig Bernegger (1903–1938), Police Commissioner of the Federal Police Directorate Linz (state police officer for NSDAP matters), was murdered on March 15, 1938 by SS men.
- Josef Bick (1880–1952), philologist and director of the Austrian National Library
- Philipp Freiherr von Boeselager , resistance fighter of July 20, 1944
- Georg Bujakowski: concentration camp
- Jakob Bungart (1882–1944), while in Gestapo custody in Düsseldorf for “listening to foreign broadcasters” and making defeatist statements, died in prison in a bomb attack in 1944
- Walter Caldonazzi (1916–1945), was sentenced to death by the People's Court on October 28, 1944 for “preparation for high treason” through “participation in a separatist association” and beheaded on January 9, 1945 in the Vienna Regional Court.
- Franz Deutsch (1900–1942), medical officer, tried to flee to Switzerland as a victim of the Nuremberg Race Laws . He was arrested and deported to Riga on January 11, 1942.
- Ernst Döhling (1881–1953), Buchenwald concentration camp from 1939–1945, because he defended Jews in court
- Josef Dungel, was transported to a "sanatorium" on August 12, 1940 in the course of the Nazi euthanasia.
- Franz Wilhelm Doppelfeld (1905–1964), 1941–1944 Dachau concentration camp, then Wehrmacht punitive battalion, until 1950 in Russian captivity
- Robert Franze: concentration camp
- Heinrich Gleißner (1893–1984), lawyer and politician
- Johann Gruber (1889–1944), priest and spiritual director of the private institute for the blind in Linz-Urfahr, was sentenced to two years in prison in 1938, after which he was murdered in the Gusen subcamp on April 7, 1944.
- Ferdinand Habel (1910–1940), a student, was arrested on October 8, 1938 during the storm of the Hitler Youth on the Archbishop's Palace (as a reaction to the Rosary demonstration ) and was sent to the Dachau and Mauthausen concentration camps Died February 1940 of typhoid fever.
- Hugo Hantsch , OSB (1895–1972), Benedictine and historian, concentration camp
- Johannes Heinrich Hardeck (1916–1945), Dachau concentration camp
- Erich Heberlein: Deportation, concentration camp
- Adolf Hörhager (1884–1940), lawyer, Mauthausen concentration camp
- Abbot Corbinian Hofmeister , OSB (1891–1966), Abbot of Metten Monastery
- Klaus Hornig (1907–1997), police officer; refused to order prisoners of war to be executed; Concentration camp prisoner in Buchenwald
- Josef Hüttl (1908–1997), arch dean of Bischofteinitz
- Nikolaus Jansen , priest, cathedral chapter in Aachen, politician (center), Dachau concentration camp 1941–1945
- Walter Krajnc (1916–1944), lawyer, resistance organization Kampftruppe Tirol, refused execution orders as a soldier in France. Sentenced to death, shot near Avignon.
- Karl Krczmar (1901–1942), civil servant, sentenced to death for " degrading military strength" and shot.
- Karl Kummer (1915–1944), Buchenwald concentration camp.
- Petrus Legge (1882–1951), Bishop of the Diocese of Meissen
- Theodor Legge (1889–1969), General Secretary of the Bonifatius Association in Paderborn and of the Central Committee of the German Catholic Days
- Otto Lenz (1903–1957), lawyer and politician (Member of the Bundestag)
- Heinrich Maier (1908–1945), chaplain, beheaded on March 22, 1945 with Walter Caldonazzi in the Vienna Regional Court.
- Ludwig Mooslechner (1910–1945), a doctor in Styria, was arrested in 1945 for “decomposing military strength and favoring the enemy” and shot on the Hebalpe (Styria)
- Emil Muhler (1892–1963), Catholic priest and politician
- Peter Neuenheuser (1877–1940), Catholic priest and school principal of the Collegium Aloysianum
- Cuno Raabe (1888–1971), politician
- Hans Rindermann: Dachau concentration camp, Catholic priest, pastor to St. Antonius zu Eschweiler-Bergrath
- Wilhelm Scheuermann: Concentration camp, professional ban
- Franz Seywald (1891–1944), district captain of St. Johann im Pongau , sentenced to death for "jointly listening to foreign stations and broadcasting enemy news"
- Richard Steidle (1881–1940), Consul General in Trieste and Heimwehr leader, Buchenwald concentration camp
- Hans Sylvester (1897–1939), 1934–1938 Governor of Burgenland , Dachau concentration camp
- Carl Ulitzka (1873–1953), Catholic priest and member of the Reichstag
- Dominik Willner: Concentration camp
- Pastor Josef Witthaut: concentration camp
- Pastor Johann Nepomuk Womes: concentration camp 1941
- Hans Karl Zeßner-Spitzenberg (1885–1938 in Dachau concentration camp), lawyer
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn 1890. 2nd edition, Berlin 1900.
- Wurm, Hermann Josef, Handbook for the Cartell Association of German Catholic Student Associations, 2nd edition, Berlin, 1904
- The honorary members, old men and students of the Cartell Association (CV) of the Catholic German student associations, M. Du Mont Schauberg, Strasbourg in Alsace, 1913
- Gassert, Heinrich, Alte und neue Burschenlieder for the connections of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations , Herder & Co, 1925, Freiburg im Breisgau
- Weiss, Josef, At the cradle of the German Catholic student associations. News from the Bonner Union 1847–53–55, Society for CV History, Munich, 1930 (Der Weisse Turm 1)
- Siegl, Engelbert, Statutes and Cartel Regulations of the ÖCV, Vienna, 1933
- Stitz, Peter, The academic culture war for the raison d'être of Catholic student corporations in Germany and Austria from 1903 to 1908, Society for CV History, Munich, 1960 (Der Weisse Turm 3)
- Lodermeier, Ernst , History of the Cartell Association of German Catholic Student Associations, 3rd edition, Munich, 1960
- Stitz, Peter, Der CV 1919–1938: the higher education policy path of the Cartell Association of German Catholic Student Associations (CV) from the end of the First World War to its destruction by National Socialism, Society for CV History, Munich, 1970 (Der Weisse Turm 4)
- Popp, Gerhard, CV in Austria 1864–1938, Hermann Böhlaus, Vienna, 1984, ISBN 3-205-08831-X
- Rill, Robert : CV and National Socialism in Austria (= publications of the International Research Center for Basic Questions in the Sciences, Salzburg . NF, Vol. 28). Geyer, Vienna a. a. 1987
- Friedhelm Golücke : The literature of the CV and ÖCV 1844–1980. A bibliography. Würzburg 1982, ISBN 3-923621-00-0 .
- Society for Student History and Student Customs V. (Hrsg.), CV Synopsis - Synoptic presentation of German history and CV history from 1815 to 1955, Munich, 1993
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, Lexicon of CV and ÖCV connections, community for German student history. The corporations and associations of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (CV) and the Cartell Association of Catholic Austrian Student Associations (ÖCV) in historical briefs, Würzburg: Association for German Student History, 1997, ISBN 978-3-89498-040-5
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, The CV inventory in the Eichstätt diocesan archive, 8 booklets (1988–1989) (university studies aids [of the Association for German Student History], archive finding tools, 7–13); 9. Booklet under the title “The CV in the years 1933 to 1938”, Marl 2015 (Hochschulkundl. Arbeitshilfen, Book 25), ISBN 978-3-945801-03-1
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, again: The CV and National Socialism, in: Acta Studentica, 25th year, volume 102, March 1994, pp. 3–6
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, “Hold on, as long as you can!” - The CV and its connections during the Nazi era, in: Alcimonen-Blatt [= Zs. der KDStV Alcimonia Eichstätt] 17/1997, pp. 56–75 [= lecture given on October 12, 1997 at the student historians' conference in Würzburg; modified under: consideration of the Eichstätter conditions]; [similar, but modified taking into account a non-corporate readership]: “Hold on, as long as it goes!” - The Catholic Student Association CV in the Third Reich, in: Globulus 5 (1997), pp. 76-86; "Hold on as long as you can!" - A Catholic student association in the Third Reich: The "CV", in: GDS [= Association for German Student History] -Archiv 4 (1998), pp. 53–67
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, Catholic-German Association of Colored Student Corporations (KDV), in: GDS [= Association for German Student History] -Archiv 4 (1998), p. 159 f.
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, Verband Alter CVer, in: GDS [= Association for German Student History] -Archiv 4 (1998), pp. 181–183
- Schieweck-Mauk, Siegfried, The Student History [Johannes Ev.] Stigler Collection in the Diocesan Archives Eichstätt. In: GDS [= Association for German Student History] -Archiv 5 (2000), pp. 181–190
- Society for Student History and Student Customs V. (Ed.), CV-Handbuch, 3rd edition, Regensburg, 2000, ISBN 3-922485-11-1
- Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations and Cartell Association of Catholic Austrian Student Associations (ed.): Bishops, abbots, provosts from the CV and ÖCV , Regensburg-Vienna 2009, ISBN 978-3-922485-25-4
- Gerhard Hartmann: The CV in Austria - Its origin, history and meaning . Lahn-Verlag, Vienna 2011 (4th edition), ISBN 3-7840-3498-5
- Internet presence of the CV - Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations
- Collection of CV color cards
- Coincidence with CV (DER SPIEGEL, 1968)
- ↑ Associations & Foundations of the Cartell Association, accessed on June 6, 2018
- ↑ Peter Krause : O old lad glory. The students and their customs. 5th edition. Graz, Vienna, Cologne 1997, p. 108.
- ↑ "History of K.Ö.HV Franco-Bavaria, page 18 et seq."
- ↑ Christopher Dowe: Also educated citizens: Catholic students and academics in the Kaiserreich (= critical studies on historical science . Volume 171). Göttingen 2011, p. 74.
- ↑ Christopher Dowe: Also educated citizens: Catholic students and academics in the Kaiserreich (= critical studies on historical science. Volume 171). Göttingen 2011, p. 74.
- ^ Anton Hopfgartner: Kurt Schuschnigg. One man against Hitler. Graz 1989, p. 43.
- ↑ Christoph Hübner: The right-wing Catholics, the Center Party and the Catholic Church in Germany up to the Reich Concordat of 1933. A contribution to the history of the failure of the Weimar Republic. Contributions to Theology, Church and Society in the 20th Century, Volume 24. Dissertation, Erlangen: 2011, p. 669
- ↑ Christoph Hübner: The right-wing Catholics, the Center Party and the Catholic Church in Germany up to the Reich Concordat of 1933. A contribution to the history of the failure of the Weimar Republic. Contributions to Theology, Church and Society in the 20th Century, Volume 24. Dissertation, Erlangen: 2011, p. 772; limited preview in Google Book search
- ↑ See: The CV in the Third Reich - Compiled by Marcel Erkens (PDF; 1017 kB)
- ↑ Peter Stitz: The CV 1919-1938: the university policy path of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (CV) from the end of the First World War to the destruction by National Socialism. Society for CV History, Munich 1970 (Der Weisse Turm 4). P. 184 and p. 298ff
- ↑ See Michael Grüttner : Students in the Third Reich , Schöningh, Paderborn 1995, p. 308.
- ↑ See Michael Grüttner : Students in the Third Reich , Schöningh, Paderborn 1995, p. 312.
- ↑ Dietmar Klenke: Survival techniques of Eichsfeld Catholicism under the German dictatorships: securing identity or giving up? In: Tobias Dürr, Franz Walter: Solidarity Community and Fragmented Society. Leske + Budrich: 1997, p. 97
- ↑ Blog: A memorable event: First African CV connection established in Dschang / Cameroon as well as news from the subsidiary connection of Rheno Baltia of our Rheno Fuandem in Dschang / Cameroon
- ↑ CV suspends EKV membership
- ↑ Let her multicolored caped flocks . The beer stick. Retrieved on December 18, 2012. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- ^ Diocese of Augsburg. Retrieved November 13, 2018 .
- ↑ Memorial of the Catholic Couleur Students 1080 Vienna, Lerchenfelderstrasse 14 (in the reception area)