KDStV Aenania Munich
KDSt.V Aenania Munich
|coat of arms||Circle|
|University / s:||Ludwig Maximilians University Munich and all other Munich universities and colleges|
|Founding:||February 5, 1851|
|Corporation association :||CV ( 1856 , founder)|
|Color status :||colored|
|Type of Confederation:||Men's association|
|Religion / Denomination:||Roman Catholic|
|Position to the scale :||not striking|
|Motto:||Faithful and Free!|
|Total members:||~ 600|
The Catholic German Student Union Aenania zu Munich (KDStV Aenania) is a color-bearing, non-striking student union founded in Munich in 1851 and is a founding member of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Union (CV).
Aenania has the official number 1 among the Cartel connections. Its official abbreviation is: Ae.
Aenania's colors are (dark) green-white-gold. The fox colors are green-gold.
The KDStV Aenania emerged from the Munich Catholic Reading Association for Students (1848), the later Orthodoxia (1849) and the scientific circle Sophrosyne (1849) and was launched on February 5, 1851 in Munich. Its founder was the priesthood candidate Franz Lorenz Gerbl from Wasserburg am Inn . Gerbl derived the name of the connection from his hometown: Aenus stands for the Inn in Latin. Aenania was supposed to act as a counterweight to the beating corporations and, as a Catholic association, still rejects any form of duel . What it has in common with the old corporations is the public wearing of colors and the student costume; only men can still join the Aenania. Aenania chose "religio", "scientia" and "amicitia" as principles.
The connection was officially registered at the Ludwig Maximilians University on St. Nicholas Day (December 6th) 1851 and chose the colors green-white-gold. In 1852 it became compulsory to wear colors, which had been optional until then, and in 1853 the catholicity principle was introduced.
Foundation of the Cartell Association
The Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations , or CV for short, was founded in 1856 by Aenania together with its sister association KDStV Winfridia Breslau . The CV adopted the three principles of Aenania and later expanded them to include the "patria" principle, which, however, was not adopted by Aenania itself. Today, the Cartell Association, with almost 30,000 members in more than 120 connections, is the largest student and academic association in Europe.
Political persecution and re-establishment
Aenania Munich was a member of the Würzburger Bund from 1864 to 1865 . According to its motto “Treu und frei!” , The KDStV Aenania was and is not committed to any political party. During the Third Reich , after long resistance, in which it supported its member, the Munich male chaplain Rupert Mayer SJ, among others, it was finally banned and dissolved. An expropriation was anticipated with a forced emergency sale of the connection house in Munich's Schellingstrasse 44.
It was not until 1947 that a re-establishment was possible after a limited existence in the underground. After being recognized as an association persecuted by the Nazi regime , in 1952, in a spectacular process, she was reassigned ownership of the distressed house. The compensation thus obtained was used to build today's Aenanenhaus in Munich's Türkenstrasse 38, which was inaugurated in 1956 by Cardinal Joseph Wendel .
Aenania led the suburb of the Cartell Association six times : 1881/82, 1889/90, 1932/33, 1956/57, 1986/87 and 2005/06 and was twice the senior gentlemen's association chairman: from 1950 to 1951 with Wilhelm Winkler and from 1968 to 1972 with Alfons Fleischmann . Most recently, the KDStV Aenania together with the KDStV Winfridia-Breslau zu Münster provided the suburb of the Cartell Association in 2005/06 on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the CV.
Today the association consists of around 600 members (students and old men) from all over Germany.
The members of the Aktivitas der Aenania study today at the Ludwig Maximilians University , the Technical University of Munich , the University of the Federal Armed Forces , the University of Applied Sciences Munich or one of the eleven Munich universities.
Special connections of the Aenania
Aenania has several daughter connections , grandchildren connections and a godfather connection:
- 1866 KStV Ottonia Munich in the KV
- 1897 KDStV Vindelicia Munich in the CV
- 1899 KDStV Rheno-Franconia Munich in the CV
- 1903 KDStV Langobardia (Munich) Bayreuth in the CV
- 1922 KDStV Trifels Munich in the CV
- since 1907 the KDStV Burgundia Munich in the VKSt, founded by Ripuaria Bonn and Gothia Würzburg in 1899 and suspended in 1904, later CV
- since 1930 the KDStV Radaspona (Regensburg) Munich, founded in 1922, in the CV when moving to Munich
- since 1907 the KDStV Moenania zu Munich in the CV
- Since 1925 the KDStV Ferdinandea Prague zu Heidelberg, founded in 1886, has been in the CV
Aenania has five friendship connections, the colors of which the Senior Aenaniae wears in the official ribbon:
- KDStV Winfridia Breslau zu Münster (founded 1856) as a sister association
- KDSt.V. Ferdinandea-Prag zu Heidelberg (founded 1886) as a godfather connection
- AV Helvetia Monacensis in the StV (founded in 1844) as thanks for help during the founding period
- KÖHV Rheno-Juvavia zu Salzburg in the ÖCV (founded 1932) as the last Austrian connection before the separation of CV and ÖCV
- AV Austria Innsbruck in the ÖCV (founded 1864)
In 2001 the 150th foundation festival was celebrated in the presence of all Aenania affiliates and sponsors.
Known members (selection)
A special feature of the connection is the subordination to the respective ruling Archbishop of Munich and Freising as "Protector". This rather cumbersome construct was originally due to the legal necessity that, according to the law of the Kingdom of Bavaria, every church association had to be protected by church sovereignty in order to be able to be a legal subject. At the request of the association, Gregor von Scherr OSB, as Archbishop of Munich and Freising, took over this personal protectorate over the association and its Philistine Association. In doing so, he made it possible for the association to independently build up wealth and acquire real estate, both state and church. With the establishment of the German Reich and the introduction of the Civil Code , this institution lost its legal significance.
With one exception, all of Archbishop von Scherr's successors continued the tradition of the protectorate on a voluntary basis. The following archbishops as Protector Aenaniae carried and still carry the bond of connection:
- Gregor von Scherr
- Anton von Steichele
- Anthony of Thoma
- Franz Joseph von Stein
- Francis Cardinal von Bettinger
- Joseph Cardinal Wendel
- Julius Cardinal Döpfner
- Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger - Pope Benedict XVI.
- Friedrich Cardinal Weather
- Reinhard Cardinal Marx
Up until Friedrich Wetter, the protector was given the tape by a liaison delegation in a separate audience in the Palais Holnstein . Reinhard Marx was awarded the ribbon at a special event in the fraternity house.
The protectors apply to the association regardless of the designation of the CV and regardless of their retirement for life as full members with voting rights in the Uraenanenconvent, who sometimes also actively intervened in the life of the association (von Scherr, Wendel, Döpfner, Marx). For members of the CV, they are considered honorary members. After the need for a protector was no longer required (through the introduction of the BGB in 1900), the tasks of the protector are now only traditional. The archbishop of Munich and Freising (or his predecessor in office) usually holds a mass once a year with the Aktivitas of connection, either at the tomb of Bl. P. Rupert Mayer or as part of the foundation or foundation festival. In addition, the selection of the liaison pastor (currently Ludwig Mödl ) requires confirmation by the Protector.
Like Aenania, the sister connection Winfridia Breslau zu Münster also has the tradition of protectorate by the Archbishop of Breslau, which has since been revived after being interrupted by the expulsion from Breslau.
- Franz Senn (1831–1884), Catholic clergyman ("glacier pastor") and founder of the German Alpine Association
- Max Lossen (1842–1898), historian and founder of the K.St.V. Arminia Bonn in KV
- Georg von Hertling (1843–1919), Reich Chancellor and Prussian Prime Minister, politician (Center Party) and philosopher
- Sebastian Kirchberger (1846–1919), Catholic clergyman, cathedral chapter in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising
- Georg Trapp (1847–1930), President of the Regional Court in Regensburg
- Andreas von Stöckle (1856–1940), President of the Bavarian Supreme Audit Office
- Franz Matt (1860–1929), Bavarian Minister of Culture and Deputy Prime Minister
- Viktor Josef Fezer (1861–1927), District President of the Jagstkreis
- Jakob Baumann (1862–1922), priest
- August Knecht (1866–1932), canon lawyer
- Stephan Bierner (1867–1951), Lord Mayor and Honorary Citizen of Freising
- Franz Xaver Schweyer (1868–1935), Bavarian Minister of the Interior
- August Naegle (1869–1932), Catholic theologian and church historian, rector of the Karl Ferdinand University in Prague
- Anton Reiser (1869–1923), mayor, senior bailiff and honorary citizen of Sigmaringen, member of the municipal parliament of the Hohenzollern region
- Franz Walter (1870–1950), moral theologian and university professor
- Otto Rust (1871–1945), archpriest and martyr
- Konrad Beyerle (1872–1933), constitutional lawyer, legal historian and politician
- Wilhelm Matt (1872–1936), Lord Mayor of Aschaffenburg
- Sel. P. Rupert Mayer SJ (1876–1945), Jesuit priest and resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Josef Osterhuber (1876–1965), journalist
- Wilhelm Laforet (1877–1959), constitutional lawyer and member of the Parliamentary Council
- Karl Mayer (1878–1951), Mayor of Donauwörth, Lord Mayor of Neuburg an der Donau, judge in denazification proceedings
- Max Buchner (1881–1941), historian and medieval scholar, professor in Munich and Würzburg, editor of the "Yellow Booklet"
- Karl d'Ester (1881–1960), newspaper scholar
- Anton Höfle (1882–1925) member of the Reichstag and Reich Minister of Post
- Wilhelm Hamacher (1883–1951), Federal Chairman of the Center and member of the Bundestag
- Alfons Maria Jakob (1884–1931), neurologist (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)
- Otto Bohl (1885–1969), Lord Mayor of Augsburg and District Administrator of Illertissen
- Franz Xaver Mayr (1887–1974), priest and fossil collector
- Peter Morio (1887–1960), agronomist and vine grower (Bacchus, Domina, Morio-Muskat, Optima)
- Franz Weiß (1887–1974), Minister of Agriculture of the State of Württemberg-Hohenzollern and Member of the Bundestag (CDU)
- Paul Martini (1889–1964), internist
- Josef Wintrich (1891–1958), President of the Federal Constitutional Court (1954–1958)
- Rudolf Fraja (1892- unknown), administrative lawyer
- Georg Weber (1892–1964), Lord Mayor of Ingolstadt
- Martin Keilhacker (1894–1989), psychologist and media educator
- Alfons Dawo (1895–1968), President of the Saarland State Parliament
- Theodor Endter (1895- after 1970), bank manager
- Josef Kurzinger (1898–1984), New Testament scholar
- Willo Welzenbach (1899–1934), mountaineer
- Konrad Beyerle (1900–1979), engineer
- Karl Hofmann (1900–1954), canon lawyer
- Franz Pfeiffer (1900–1979), District President of the Palatinate
- Karl Abenthum (1901–1976), pastor
- Theodor Maunz (1901–1993), constitutional lawyer
- Gebhard Seelos (1901–1984), member of the Bundestag and ambassador
- Karl Deml (1903- after 1968), District Administrator of Günzburg
- Wilhelm Westenberger (1903–1980), Minister of Justice of Rhineland-Palatinate (1959–1963)
- Josef Schneider , (1906–1998), Archbishop of Bamberg
- Alfons Fleischmann (1907–1998), Catholic theologian, university professor and founding rector of the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
- Philipp Mohler (1908–1982), composer
- Willi Geiger (1909–1994), judge at the Federal Constitutional Court
- Martin Wiesend (1910–2003), auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of Bamberg and titular bishop of Migirpa
- Stefan Dittrich (1912–1988), member of the Bundestag
- Helmuth Zimmerer (1912–1984), lawyer, Lord Mayor of Würzburg (1956–1968); Member of the NSDAP and the SS
- Rudolf Spang (1913–2017), ambassador
- Otto Gritschneder (1914–2005), lawyer, publicist, contemporary witness
- Josef Pichl (1914–1996), Lord Mayor of Schwandorf
- Hans Joachim Faller (1915–2006), judge at the Federal Constitutional Court from 1971 to 1983
- Johannes Herrmann (1918–1987), professor of Roman law and German civil law
- Joseph Bücker (1927–2001), administrative lawyer and director at the German Bundestag from 1984 to 1991
- Friedrich Cardinal Wetter (* 1928), Archbishop of Munich and Freising em.
- Wulf Steinmann (1930–2019), physicist and rector of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich
- Odilo Lechner (1931–2017), Abbot of the Abbey of St. Bonifaz Munich and the Andechs Monastery from 1964 to 2003
- Albert Scharf (* 1934), director of Bayerischer Rundfunk from 1990 to 2002
- Manfred Blaschke (* 1936), District Administrator of the Schongau District (1970–1972) and the Weilheim-Schongau District (1978–1996)
- Anton Ziegenaus (* 1936), em. Prof. for dogmatics at the University of Augsburg
- Gunter Desch (* 1937), inspector of the medical and health services of the Bundeswehr
- Josef Thesing (* 1937), former deputy Secretary General of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation
- Karl Heinz Kuhna (* 1937), lawyer, ambassador ret. D.
- Gunter Desch (* 1937), Senior Staff Physician Inspector of the Medical and Health Service of the Bundeswehr retired. D.
- Ludwig Mödl (* 1938), Catholic clergyman and professor em. for pastoral theology
- Paul Laufs (* 1938), engineer, professor, politician (CDU), former State Secretary D.
- Peter Claus Hartmann (* 1940), historian and professor em. for General and Modern History
- Hans Pongratz (* 1945), Deputy General Physician of the Air Force and Head of Dept. III Aviation Medical Institute of the Air Force
- Heinz Klinger (* 1943), CEO of Isar-Amperwerke AG, President of the Association of German Electricity Companies VDEW a. D.
- Nikolaus Brender (* 1949), former editor-in-chief of ZDF
- Alfred Sauter (* 1950), lawyer, MdL, former Minister of State D.
- Thomas Zimmermann (* 1946), physician, MdL
- Dieter Spath (* 1952), ergonomist and director of Fraunhofer IAO
- Rudolf Streinz (* 1953), professor of public law
- Joachim Herrmann (* 1956), lawyer, MdL, Bavarian Minister of the Interior
- Siegfried Schneider (* 1956), elementary school teacher, MdL, Bavarian State Minister in the State Chancellery
- Hans-Peter Fischer (* 1961), Catholic clergyman, church historian and canon lawyer, director of the Campo Santo Teutonico
- Marcel Huber (* 1958), Head of the Bavarian State Chancellery and Bavarian State Minister for Federal Affairs and Special Tasks
- Manfred Heim (* 1961), church historian
- Ludwig Spaenle (* 1961), Bavarian Minister of Culture
- Armin Laschet (* 1961), Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Michael Klein (* 1965), science manager
- Hanns-Ferdinand Müller (* 1965), entrepreneur & manager
- Norbert Rollinger (* 1964), board member at R + V Versicherungen AG
- Rupert Graf zu Stolberg-Stolberg (* 1970), auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising
- Bernd Sibler (* 1971), Bavarian State Minister for Education and Culture
Six members of the Aenania were voting members of the 14th Federal Assembly .
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn, 1890
- Complete directory of the CV born in 1913, M. Du Mont Schauberg, Strasbourg in Alsace, 1913
- Peter Stitz: The academic culture struggle for the right to exist of the Catholic student corporations in Germany and Austria from 1903 to 1908. Society for CV History, Munich 1960
- Peter Stitz: The CV 1919–1938: the higher education policy path of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (CV) from the end of World War I to its destruction by National Socialism. Society for CV History, Munich 1970
- S. Schieweck-Mauk: Lexicon of CV and ÖCV connections. Association for German Student History , Würzburg 1997, ISBN 3894980400
- Society for Student History and Student Customs V. (Ed.): CV manual. 2nd edition, Regensburg 2000, ISBN 3922485111
- KD St. V. Aenania / Hans Pongratz jun./Alfons Brandl (ed.): 150 years of K. D. St. V. Aenania. Munich 2001.
- KDSt.V. Aenania website
- Peter Krause : O old lad glory. The students and their customs. 5th edition. Graz, Vienna, Cologne 1997, p. 96.
- Friedrich Schulze and Paul Ssymank : The German student body from the oldest times to the present. 2nd edition, Leipzig 1910, p. 270.
- Peter Krause : O old lad glory. The students and their customs. 5th edition. Graz, Vienna, Cologne 1997, p. 108.
- EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 100.
- KD St. V. Aenania / Hans Pongratz jun./Alfons Brandl (ed.): 150 years of K. D. St. V. Aenania. Munich 2001, article "Protectores Aenaniae" (see literature)
- See ACADEMIA 5, 2012, p. 52.
- Cf. KD St. V. Aenania / Hans Pongratz jun./Alfons Brandl (ed.): 150 years of K. D. St. V. Aenania. Munich 2001, article "Protectores Aenaniae".
- ACADEMIA 6, 2011, p. 39.