VKDSt Saxonia Münster
VKDSt. Saxonia Munster
|coat of arms||Circle|
|University / s:||Westphalian Wilhelms University|
|Founding:||November 25, 1863|
|Place of foundation:||Muenster|
|Corporation association :||CV (1871)|
|Color status :||colored|
|Type of Confederation:||Men's association|
|Religion / Denomination:||Roman Catholic|
|Position to the scale :||not striking|
|Motto:||Deodorant et patriae!|
The VKDSt Saxonia in Münster is a catholic , color-bearing, non-striking and politically neutral student association . It was founded on November 25, 1863 as an academic choral society. In 1871 she joined the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations (CV) under the name Harmonia . A year later, Harmonia transformed into the "Catholic Student Union Alsatia", from which today's Saxonia emerged.
On November 25, 1863, the choral society of the Marian Academic Congregation was founded by its President P. Voiss. On May 7th, 1868 the name was changed to Harmonia and the colors red-white-green were chosen. The following year, the Senate of the Academy approved Harmonia as an academic choral society. When the KDStV Aenania Munich wrote in 1871 that it would welcome an application for inclusion in the CV, Harmonia adopted the principle of scientia and expressly laid down the principles of catholicity and anti-duality in the statutes, and a year later also the principle of scientificity. On November 23, Harmonia was included in the CV as No. 7 (today No. 6, since the AV Austria Innsbruck - at that time No. 4 - is no longer in the CV, but in the ÖCV). On February 18, there was a Senate-approved change from the Harmonia Academic Choral Society to the Alsatia Catholic fraternity. The reason for the choice of name was officially the patriotic sympathy for the regained Alsace after the war of 1870/71 . In reality one wanted to give the theology students of the Archdiocese of Cologne a loophole to circumvent the prohibition of Cologne Archbishop Paulus Ludolf Cardinal Melchers to enter Harmonia. During the Kulturkampf in 1878, a toast to Kaiser Wilhelm I and the German Center Party was drunk in the course of a feast, about which the rector of the academy (university) found out. On August 6th, the rector therefore announced that the Senate would dissolve the board of directors who had been called to see him. He justified this with alleged connections to party men who withdrew students from their studies through the Alsatia corporation. The Senate rejected the application for the re-establishment as Alemannia because of the catholicity principle, which is why the association was re-established as Saxonia with a “moral-religious” principle. The members chose “deo et patriae!” As their motto , since five of the eight re-founders were high school graduates from the Theodorianum high school in Paderborn, where these words can be read in the gable. A year later, the CV took on Saxonia as the successor to Alsatia. In 1883 the designation "Catholic Student Association" was approved by the Senate.
The Philistine Hermann-Joseph Wurm published the magazine " Academia " for the first time in 1888 , which is still the mouthpiece of the CV today. In the following years, Saxonia took over the sponsorship to found the AV Rheno-Guestfalia Kiel and founded the subsidiary connections AV Cheruscia zu Münster (1901) and AV Alsatia Münster (1904). Until 1906, Alsatia had to carry the addition "Neo-" to make it clear that it was not a re-establishment of the old Alsatia. In 1913 the first Saxoniae house was inaugurated in Diepenbrockstrasse. The builder of the first house was Hilger Hertel the Younger .
The house on Diepenbrockstrasse was forcibly given to a NS student organization for use. The two Saxons Kaspar Aßhoff and Heinricht Münstermann fell victim to National Socialism. 32 Saxons were killed in the war.
In the autumn of 1945 four high school graduates from the Paulinum grammar school founded an association in the style of the earlier Catholic corporations. The then director of the Paulinum grammar school, raw meat, was at that time Philistine Senior of Saxonia. The five managed to set up an activity. In the spring of 1946, Saxonia was reconstituted and approved by the Rector and the British Military Government . This made it the first re-established CV connection after the war. The name "Saxonia" and the colors were banned by the military government on August 8th on the grounds that the old name and colors could revive "reactionary tendencies" and "bad traditions". The name was then changed to "Westfalenland". In 1947 the catholicity principle was resumed. The house on Diepenbrockstrasse that was confiscated during the Nazi era was exchanged for a house at Rudolf-von-Langen-Strasse 14 in 1949. After freedom of association had been introduced with the Basic Law , in 1950 the application for a name change to "VKDSt Saxonia" was approved.
Since 1963, the association has considered the founding of Harmonia in 1863 as the founding date. In 1965 the newly built house in Von-Stauffenberg-Str. 12 after the old house became too small. The student unrest of the 1968 movement also reached Saxonia in 1968. The principle of only accepting Catholic students was openly questioned by Aktivitas; In times of growing ecumenism and the reforming church ( second Vatican Council ), even a Catholic connection should no longer isolate itself from fellow Christians. On November 23, the old rulers found that Aktivitas was moving away from the spiritual basis of Saxonia. A break with Aktivitas was imminent; At the same time, the Aktivitas met in the next room. This determined that a possible agreement with the old owners at a cumulative convention (CC) would hardly be successful. As a result, the principles of Saxonia were reformulated at the CC of the Foundation Festival while maintaining the Catholic principle. After a trial period of one year, the first written comment since 1903 was adopted at the CC of the 135th Foundation Festival.
The colors of Saxonia "red-white-green" are a union of the colors of the Westphalian and Rhenish coats of arms; of the red and white of Westphalia and the green and white of the Rhineland.
The reason to choose red-white-green as the colors resulted from the fact that in the first two decades Rhinelander and Westphalia were almost exclusively members. These colors are not an invented imagination to distinguish themselves from other connections, but an expression of the personal composition and the native origin of their wearers.
The Saxonia circle contains the first letter of the connection and the first letter of the old student saying “vivat, crescat, floreat!”.
coat of arms
Saxonia has had several coats of arms in its history . The current coat of arms has been used since the 125th foundation festival and is divided into five. It consists of:
- of the five-petalled, lipped red rose on a white background
- the harp, founded in 1863, on a green background
- the jumping, white saxony horse on a red background, next to it the coat of arms of the city of Münster
- a black Greek cross on a white background; in the center of the cross the Christ monogram Chi-Rho
- the Saxon circle in the middle
Saxonia possessed 1913-1936 of a Hilger Hertel the younger built in the Diepenbrockstraße compound house . This was confiscated during the Nazi era and given to the student comradeship Wienburg , after the war it was returned. Via an exchange in 1949, the connection was given a new house on Rudolf-von-Langen-Strasse, which it kept until 1965. Today this house belongs to the KDStV Alemannia Greifswald and Münster . The house on Diepenbrockstrasse has been used by the Kreativ-Haus eV association as a cultural and educational facility since 1977.
In 1961, the association bought a piece of land in Von-Stauffenberg-Strasse and in 1965 moved to the larger house that a federal brother had built on it. In 2003 the residential floors were converted and in 2005 the social floor.
Three subsidiary associations were founded by Saxonia :
- AV Cheruscia Munster (1901)
- AV Alsatia Munster (1904)
- KDStV Wiking Hamburg (1919)
Saxonia repeatedly provided the CV suburban president , such as 1874/75 Wilhelm Schlaadt, 1883/84 Eberhard Vogel, 1896/97 Franz Küppers, 1954/55 Rudolf Beisenkötter, 1981/82 Claus Kusnierz-Glaz, 2003/04 Carsten Marcus Petermann, 2006 / 07 Stefan Lütkecosmann and 2018/19 Justus Beisenkötter.
- Eduard Heis (1806–1877), mathematician and astronomer
- Burghard Freiherr von Schorlemer-Alst (1825–1895), politician, founder of the Westphalian farmers' association
- Hilger Hertel the Elder (1831–1890), architect and diocesan master builder in Münster
- Baron Clemens August Heereman von Zuydwyck (1832–1903), member of the Reich and Landtag
- Wilhelm Killing (1847–1923), mathematician
- Wilhelm Schneider (1847–1909), Bishop of the Archdiocese of Paderborn
- Joseph Schröder (1849–1903), professor of theology and first rector of the Westphalian Wilhelms University
- Felix Porsch (1853–1930), central politician
- Bernhard Wuermeling (1854–1937), Upper President of the Province of Westphalia
- Gottfried Hoberg (1857–1924), Catholic theologian, philologist, priest and university professor
- Hilger Hertel the Younger (1860–1918), architect and royal government builder
- Bernhard Hertel (1862–1927), architect and Cologne cathedral builder
- Hermann-Joseph Wurm (1862–1941), pastor, journalist and in 1888 founder of Academia magazine
- Johannes Scheifes (1863–1936), auxiliary bishop in the diocese of Münster
- Albert Hesse (1866–1924), chemist
- Florian Klöckner (1868–1947), industrialist and politician
- Otto Rust (1871–1945), Catholic clergyman and archpriest, martyr of the 20th century
- Johannes Hillebrand (1874–1931), auxiliary bishop in the diocese of Paderborn
- Georg Sperlich (1877–1941), Lord Mayor of Münster (Westphalia)
- August Vezin (1879–1963), philologist
- Paul Simon (1882–1946), Roman Catholic theologian
- Albert Stohr (1890–1961), Bishop of Mainz
- Wilhelm Webels (1896–1972), doctor, painter and sculptor
- Kaspar Aßhoff (1898–1945), hanged by the SS, co-founder and chief executive of the Reichsinnungsverband des Kraftfahrzeughandwerk in Berlin
- Richard Skiba (1900–1969), State Secretary in Lower Saxony, Head of the Lower Saxony State Chancellery
- Franz-Josef Wuermeling (1900–1986), Federal Minister for Family Affairs 1953–1962
- Karl Maria Hettlage (1902–1995), center politician, SS-Hauptsturmführer, qualified lawyer, board member of Commerzbank, State Secretary in the Konrad Adenauer government
- Gustav Ermecke (1907–1987), Catholic moral theologian and social ethicist
- Franz Cardinal Hengsbach (1910–1991), first bishop of the Essen diocese
- Egbert Möcklinghoff (1924–2017), lawyer, administrative officer and politician (CDU)
- Hans Berentzen (1927–2005), spirits manufacturer
- Philipp Eggers (1929–2016), educationalist and lawyer
- Dieter-Julius Cronenberg (1930–2013), politician (FDP), from 1984 to 1994 Vice-President of the German Bundestag
- Rolf Tophoven (* 1937), freelance journalist
- Franz-Hermann Kappes (1938–1992), politician (CDU), member of the German Bundestag
- Jürgen Gerdes (* 1964), member of the Board of Management of Deutsche Post AG
- Jörgen Vogel (Ed.): History of the VKDSt Saxonia 1863–1988 . Festschrift for the 125th anniversary. Laumanns, Lippstadt 1988.
- Klaus Neuhaus: Student postcards from Münster. A vivid history of student life in Münster. Schernfeld 1993, pp. 50-51.
- Siegfried Schieweck-Mauk: Lexicon of CV and ÖCV connections . Cologne 1997, pp. 670-683.
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn 1890
- Peter Stitz: The academic culture struggle for the right to exist of the Catholic student corporations in Germany and Austria from 1903 to 1908. Society for CV History, Munich 1960.
- Friedhelm Golücke : The literature of the CV and the ÖCV 1844-1980. A bibliography . Würzburg 1982, pp. 206-210, ISBN 3-923621-00-0 .
- Detlef Fischer: Münster from A to Z. Interesting facts in 1500 key words about history, art and culture. Münster 2000, p. 415.
- Paul Gerhardt Gladen : Gaudeamus igitur: The student societies past and present. Callwey, Munich 1986, p. 213.
- EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 105.
- German university calendar. Winter semester 1913/14. Leipzig 1913, p. 249.
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn 1890. p. 216
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn 1890. pp. 217-219
- Florian Werr : History of the Cartell Association of Catholic German Student Associations. Paderborn 1890. p. 220
- Peter Krause : O old lad glory - the students and their customs. 5th edition. Graz 1997, p. 111, ISBN 3-222-12478-7 .
- VKDSt Saxonia Münster: VKDSt Saxonia Münster. In: Michael Doeberl et al .: Academic Germany; Volume II: The German Universities and their Academic Citizens. CA Weller Verlag, Berlin 1931. P. 989.
- The theological faculties in the Third Reich (p. 287)
- Society for student history and student customs eV Munich (ed.): Resistance and persecution in CV , p. 55, 1st edition, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-922485-01-4 .
- Society for student history and student customs eV Munich (ed.): Resistance and persecution in the CV , pp. 152-153, 1st edition, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-922485-01-4 .
- Society for student history and student customs eV Munich (ed.): Resistance and persecution in CV , p. 217, 1st edition, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-922485-01-4 .
- Paul Gerhardt Gladen : history of the student corporation associations. Volume 2: The non-striking associations and supplements to Volume I. Becker, Würzburg 1985, pp. 209, 214.
- Hans Jürgen Rösgen: The dissolution of the Catholic student associations in the Third Reich. Dissertation University of Dortmund (= Dortmund historical studies , 15). Bochum 1995, p. 6.
- Kreativ-Haus eV: Das Haus / General (accessed on December 8, 2019).