right main line upper course: Kollenbach
The Werse flows into the Ems at Münster-Gelmer
|Water code||EN : 32|
|location||District of Warendorf and Münster (independent city); North Rhine-Westphalia ( Germany )|
|Drain over||Ems → North Sea|
|origin||at the Beckum Mountains in Beckum
|muzzle||near Münster- Gelmer in the Ems
|Height difference||71 m|
|Bottom slope||1.1 ‰|
|Catchment area||762.47 km²|
| Discharge at the Ahlen
A Eo gauge : 46.62 km²
Location: 52.23 km above the mouth
|4 l / s
80 l / s
613 l / s
13.1 l / (s km²)
14.7 m³ / s
87.1 m³ / s
| Discharge at the Albersloh
A Eo gauge: 321.58 km²
Location: 27.47 km above the mouth
|26 l / s
232 l / s
2.92 m³ / s
9.1 l / (s km²)
48.3 m³ / s
109 m³ / s
|Left tributaries||see inflow list|
|Right tributaries||see inflow list|
|Medium-sized cities||Ahlen , Beckum|
|Small towns||Drensteinfurt , Sendenhorst|
The Werse is a 67 km long, southern and left tributary of the Ems in the Münsterland . It flows in the Warendorf district and in the independent city of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia . Its catchment area is 762.47 km², and the water quality is classified in quality class II-III, in sections in quality class II. The river is by several robbery weirs regulated.
The oldest documented evidence of the name of the Werse comes from the year 1189 as Werse , and from the year 1279 comes the form de Wersa . For the year 1316 the entry molendino dicto Wersa appears in Latin , meaning a mill location or a water mill that is called (on the) Werse. Low German documents (1456) to Werze and (1498) up der Werse are available for the 15th century, as well as place names formed from the river name, such as a van Wersetharpa, Wersitharpa from the 11th century .
The name can certainly be identified as having a Germanic origin. Two possible solutions are plausible for the explanation or name-based etymological interpretation:
- the name of the Werse goes back to a Germanic river name War-is-ō ; a s-derivative to germanic was- from protogermanisch uor- to Indo-European root h 2 uer- meaning for "wet (be)" back.
- in Germanic Wer-s-ō with s- suffix from the same Indo-European root h 2 uer- with the same meaning as in the first option.
The Werse created in the urban core of at the Beckum Hills lying Beckum from three source streams Kollenbach, Siechenbach and Lippbach. The main upper course is also the longest Kollenbach, which takes in the Siechenbach from the left and then joins the Lippbach, which again comes from the left, on Oststraße at the former east gate of the former city fortifications to the Werse.
In Beckum, Kollenbach and Werse flow in an arc first south, then west around the old town. Below the city center it then runs west to Ahlen . Along the core town of Ahlen it turns to the northwest and arrives at Drensteinfurt . After that it turns approximately north and flows through Albersloh . Then it passes the city center of Münster to the east and runs through the Münster district of Handorf .
Catchment area and tributaries
The catchment area of the Werse is 762.47 km². Their tributaries include (viewed downstream) :
The localities on the Werse include (viewed downstream) :
Watermills on the Werse are / were among other things (viewed downstream) :
- Verings Mill
- Brew mill
- Havichhorster Mill
The fish fauna of the Werse includes eels , brown trout , perch , pike , carp , tench , catfish and pikeperch as well as white fish such as bream , chub , roach , rudd and tailor . In addition, some rare animals such as kingfishers and grass snakes live on the river .
The water quality of the Werse is classified in quality class II-III, in sections in quality class II. Inputs from municipal sewage treatment plants, fish ponds, but especially diffuse inputs from agriculture pollute the material balance of the Werse and lead to eutrophication , i.e. to enrichment of the water with nutrients , along the entire course of the river, especially in backwater areas .
Sport and tourism
The Werse is the home river of the canoeing clubs Albersloher Kanu Club 1989 e. V., TG Münster paddling department, Paddelsport Münster from 1923 e. V. and Canoe Club Münster 1922 e. V. There are also many boathouses run by student associations there. Especially in summer the river is used intensively by commercial boat rental companies.
In the 19th century, a small steamboat ran several times a day on the section of the river between Sudmühle and Pleistermühle during the summer months.
The Werse is a popular fishing water and, among other things, it is leased by the Angelsportverein Ahlen e. V., Fishing Club Wersetal 80 e. V. and ASC Rinkerode e. V.
In April 2007 the Werseradweg was opened, which already begins in Rheda-Wiedenbrück and runs for 122 km along the Werse or through the landscape it has shaped. It ends at the confluence with the Ems near Münster-Gelmer.
- Topographical Information Management, Cologne District Government, Department GEObasis NRW ( information )
- German basic map 1: 5000
- Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Weser-Ems 2008 Lower Saxony State Agency for Water Management, Coastal Protection and Nature Conservation, accessed on January 22, 2016 (PDF, German, 6184 kB).
- German Hydrological Yearbook Weser-Ems 2014. Lower Saxony State Agency for Water Management, Coastal Protection and Nature Conservation, p. 265, accessed on October 4, 2017 (PDF, German, 8805 kB).
- NNQ from Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Weser-Ems 2008 Lower Saxony State Agency for Water Management, Coastal Protection and Nature Conservation, accessed on January 22, 2016 (PDF, German, 6184 kB). (2014 value is 0.068 m³ / s)
- Albrecht Greule : German water names book. Etymology of the water body names and the associated area, settlement and field names. Verlag de Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2014, ISBN 978-3-11-019039-7 , p. 585.
- Central and Northern Germany: Handbook for Travelers. Issue 14 (1885), p. 329, on books.google.com
- Werse Flood Action Plan , at Umweltamt.org (PDF; 6 MB)
- Canoeing and nature conservation - Research reports on the effects of canoeing on flowing waters in North Rhine-Westphalia (University of Münster), on lanuv.nrw.de (PDF; 1.6 MB)
- Specialized information system ELWAS of the Ministry for Climate Protection, Environment and Agriculture, Nature and Consumer Protection of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, on elwasims.nrw.de