Franz-Josef Wuermeling (born November 8, 1900 in Charlottenburg [today Berlin ], † March 7, 1986 in Münster ) was a German politician ( CDU ). From 1953 to 1962 he was Family Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany. His name was used colloquially in the “ Wuermeling Pass ”, which allowed large families to travel by train at a discount.
education and profession
After High School on school Marianum in Warburg 1918 contributed Wuermeling three months military service in the Imperial Navy . He then studied law and economics at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster , the University of Hamburg and the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg , which he graduated with the 1st state examination in 1922 . 1921 doctorate he became Dr. rer. pole. In 1925 he passed the 2nd state examination and began a civil service career in the Prussian civil service.
From 1926 he was active in the Prussian Ministry of the Interior (from 1928 as a councilor). From 1931 to 1939 he was regional councilor and finance director of the provincial administration of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau in Kassel . In 1939 he was forced to retire for political reasons . From 1940 to 1947 he worked in the basalt and asphalt companies of the Werhahn Group , and from 1945 as a member of the board of the Basalt AG in Linz am Rhein . In 1945 he was briefly mayor of Linz am Rhein.
Wuermeling was the son of the center politician Bernhard Wuermeling . Franz-Josef Wuermeling was married and had five children. He was the father of the temporary district administrator of the Limburg-Weilburg district Georg Wuermeling and the grandfather of the former State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Economics and current board member of the Deutsche Bundesbank Joachim Wuermeling .
Wuermeling had been a member of the CDU since 1945. From 1949 to 1968 he was a member of the state board of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate .
Deputy and State Secretary
Wuermeling was a member of the Advisory State Assembly of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946/47 and was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag from 1947 to 1951 .
From 1949 to 1969 he was a member of the German Bundestag and has always been a directly elected member of the constituency of Altenkirchen and Neuwied ( 1965 ) in the Bundestag .
In 1952, Wuermeling was one of a group of members of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group who introduced a bill to introduce relative majority voting in the Bundestag, thereby endangering the existence of the coalition with the FDP and DP .
From 1947 to 1949 he was State Secretary in the Ministry of the Interior of Rhineland-Palatinate. From October 12, 1949 to January 14, 1951, he was then commissioned to perform the duties of a State Secretary (head of the Federal Chancellery) in the Federal Chancellery .
Minister in the Adenauer cabinet
After the federal election in 1953 , he was appointed Federal Minister for Family Affairs on October 20, 1953 in the federal government led by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer . After the federal election in 1957 , his ministry was renamed the Federal Ministry for Family and Youth Issues . On the occasion of the formation of a new cabinet after the Spiegel affair , Wuermeling left the federal government on December 11, 1962. During his tenure, Wuermeling was the deputy representative of the federal cabinet at the Bundestag's council of elders.
When he took office, his ministry declared Wuermeling to be the defensive instance against equal rights for women . In his advocacy of morality, decency and the protection of minors, he called for “people's censorship” in a speech on film, ignored intergroup agreements and, in December 1959, received a reprimand from Chancellor Adenauer in the cabinet.
He campaigned for the 1957 law on fare reductions up to the age of 25 for children from large families . The corresponding authorization card, which was used to purchase discounted tickets for children until 1992, is still known today as the Wuermeling , among other things .
Wuermeling was a member of the Catholic student association VKDSt Saxonia Münster in the CV and in 1919 co-founder of the Catholic student association KDSt.V. Wiking Hamburg in the CV . Since his time in Linz he was also a member of the KDSt.V. Borusso-Westfalia Bonn in the CV.
Between 1950 and 1964 he was deputy head of the Catholic lay association Fides Romana , which was based in Cologne .
As an author and conference speaker, he was involved in the Volkswartbund in the 1950s .
In 1958 he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany .
- Eight years of family policy . Munich 1961
- Family - gift and task . Luthe-Verlag, Cologne 1963.
- Extra-curricular education in a free world . Luthe-Verlag, Cologne 1963.
- Support the family: finally solve the housing problem . Vienna 1963.
- Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 2: N-Z. Attachment. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , pp. 977-978.
- Literature by and about Franz-Josef Wuermeling in the catalog of the German National Library
- Irmgard Zündorf: Franz-Josef Wuermeling. Tabular curriculum vitae in the LeMO ( DHM and HdG )
- Franz-Josef Wuermeling in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available)
- Detailed CV. Konrad Adenauer Foundation
- ^ A b S. Steinbacher: How sex came to Germany - The struggle for morality and decency in the early Federal Republic . 2011, ISBN 978-3-88680-977-6 , p. 128.
- ↑ Wuermeling and no end . In: Die Zeit , No. 14/1954.
- ↑ S. Steinbacher: How sex came to Germany - The struggle for morality and decency in the early Federal Republic . 2011, ISBN 978-3-88680-977-6 , p. 130, note 451 (p. 415)
- ↑ The welfare deficit . In: Der Spiegel . No. 33 , 1957 ( online ).
- ↑ http://www.rppd-rlp.de/pke0784
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 8, 1900|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin-Charlottenburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 7, 1986|
|Place of death||Muenster|