Fritz Neumayer

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Fritz Neumayer (born July 29, 1884 in Kaiserslautern , † April 12, 1973 in Munich ) was a German politician ( FDP , later FVP ). From 1947 to 1948 he was Minister for Economics and Transport of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate , from 1952 to 1953 Federal Minister for Housing and from 1953 to 1956 Federal Minister of Justice .

education and profession

After graduating from high school , Neumayer first began to study medicine , but then completed a law degree in Würzburg , Berlin , Leipzig and Strasbourg , which he completed with the first and in 1910 with the second state examination in law. In 1906 he became a member of the Corps Rhenania Würzburg . From 1911 he worked as a lawyer in Kaiserslautern . In 1945 he was appointed President of the Kaiserslautern Regional Court . After leaving the ministerial office in 1956, Neumayer first became Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Pfaff AG , and later became Honorary Chairman of the Supervisory Board.


Neumayer comes from a long-established Palatinate family of lawyers with a liberal tradition. His grandfather and father already sat for the National Liberals in the Bavarian parliament. His great-uncle, the natural scientist Georg von Neumayer , is considered to be the founder of Antarctic research.

Neumayer was married and had four children.

Political party

After the end of the Second World War , Neumayer joined the FDP. Together with Thomas Dehler and Alfred Onnen, he was part of the party-internal investigative commission that investigated the Naumann affair of 1952. At the beginning of 1956 he left the Liberals with the other FDP federal ministers and became a member of the newly founded Free People's Party (FVP), with which he joined the DP after just over a year .


Neumayer was a member of the Advisory State Assembly of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946/47, where he was chairman of the joint parliamentary group of the liberal parties, the Social Volksbund and the Liberal Party , which had stood separately in Rheinhessen and the Palatinate and in the Rhineland. He was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament from 1947 to 1951. Until July 9, 1947, when he was appointed state minister, he remained chairman of the liberal faction. Subsequently, his mandate in the state parliament was suspended until April 9, 1948.

From 1949 to 1957 Neumayer was a member of the German Bundestag . On February 23, 1956, he left the FDP parliamentary group together with the so-called "Euler Group" and initially belonged to the Bundestag as a non-attached member . On March 15, 1956, he became a member of the "Democratic Working Group" formed by the Euler Group, which was renamed the FVP parliamentary group on June 26, 1956 and finally formed the DP / FVP group on March 14, 1957 with the DP .

Fritz Neumayer has always entered the Bundestag via the Rhineland-Palatinate state list.

Public offices

From July 9, 1947 to April 9, 1948, Neumayer was Minister of Economics and Transport for the State of Rhineland-Palatinate in the state government led by Prime Minister Peter Altmeier .

On July 15, 1952 he was appointed as the successor to the late Eberhard Wildermuth as Federal Minister for Housing in the Federal Government headed by Federal Chancellor Konrad Adenauer .

After the federal election in 1953 , he was appointed Federal Minister of Justice on October 20, 1953 . In this function he was particularly committed to reforming the criminal law . In the course of a cabinet reshuffle, he resigned from the federal government on October 16, 1956 for reasons of age.


See also

Cabinet Altmeier I - Cabinet Adenauer I - Cabinet Adenauer II


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fritz Neumayer , Internationales Biographisches Archiv 20/1973 of May 7, 1973, in the Munzinger Archive ( beginning of the article freely accessible).
  2. Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 143 , 461.