Kristina Schröder (born Köhler ; * 3. August 1977 in Wiesbaden ) is a German politician of the CDU for which they 2002-2017 as a Member of the German Parliament was sitting. She served from November 30, 2009 to December 17, 2013 as Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth . She has been a columnist for the daily newspaper Die Welt since the end of 2017 and has been working for the business-liberal lobby organization Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft since summer 2020 .
Schröder is the daughter of senior attorney Helmut Köhler, who is known as a former rally co-driver , mostly as co-driver of the racing driver Horst Rack, and later DMSB official in the German motorsport scene . Her mother is a real estate agent. Schroeder graduated in 1997 at the Dilthey school in Wiesbaden her High School and then studied at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz sociology , and Modern History , Philosophy and Political Science . In 2002 Schröder graduated with a degree in sociology . During her studies, she worked from 1997 to 2002 as an employee of the Hessian CDU member of the state parliament, Birgit Zeimetz-Lorz, and from 1998 to 2002 as a student assistant at the Institute for Sociology at the University of Mainz.
Parallel to her membership in the Bundestag from 2002, Schröder received her doctorate under Jürgen W. Falter at the Institute for Political Science at the University of Mainz until April 2009 after submitting a study on justice as equality . The study examined how the values of the CDU members of the Bundestag differed from those of the other CDU members. In January 2010, there were allegations against Schröder that she had had parts of her dissertation done by assistants. The president of the university, Georg Krausch , made it clear that there was no indication of possible scientific misconduct by the candidate; Work by assistants is "scientifically legitimate and common in the context of many dissertations". In addition, the doctoral supervisor Falter and the assistant were willing to affirm that everything was going well.
Schröder joined the Junge Union (JU) as a student in 1991 and the CDU in 1994. She has been a member of the JU district committee in Wiesbaden since 1992 and was JU district chairwoman from 1997 to 2003. Schröder has been a member of the CDU District Executive Committee West Hesse since 1995 and the CDU State Executive Committee in Hesse since 2002 . Since 2013 she has been honorary chairwoman of the Junge Union Wiesbaden.
She was a member of the German Bundestag from the federal election in autumn 2002 to the 2017 federal election . There she was a full member of the Interior Committee and rapporteur of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group on Islam , integration and extremism . From November 2008 she was the chairwoman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group in the BND investigative committee ( Kurnaz investigation committee ) established in 2006 and ended in June 2009 .
Schröder entered the Bundestag in 2002 and 2005 via the Hesse state list . In the 2009 Bundestag election she won the direct mandate in the Wiesbaden constituency with 40.8% against the then Development Aid Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (32.6%). In the 2013 federal election she also received the most votes and thus the mandate. In the 2017 federal election, she no longer ran for parliament.
On November 30, 2009, about five weeks after Merkel II took office, the cabinet was reshuffled after Federal Labor Minister Franz Josef Jung resigned. As a result, Schröder became Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth; the previous Minister Ursula von der Leyen became Minister of Labor. On December 2, Schröder was sworn in before the German Bundestag.
After taking office as Federal Family Minister, Schröder largely supported the family policy of her predecessor von der Leyen, but demanded both cash payments and vouchers for the controversial childcare allowance and spoke of a "serious conflict of goals ". She also announced that all family policy benefits of the state "from spouse splitting to child benefit " will be evaluated by 2013. The aim is “not to cut funds, but to use them more efficiently”.
In February 2010, in an interview with Spiegel Online, she spoke out in favor of the introduction of a “Forum Internet” in which she wanted to give experts from this area (such as the Chaos Computer Club ) the opportunity to participate in draft laws that affect the Internet and Associated concern to participate in the form of a virtual discussion round. In addition, she sought a meeting with the Pirate Party Germany to discuss the controversial youth media protection treaty with them .
In 2010 she advocated a legal right to family care leave lasting up to two years with half working hours. The employee should receive 75% of the salary during this period and for an equally long period thereafter. Companies with fewer than 250 employees should be able to receive the wage increase during the care period as an interest-free loan from KfW Bankengruppe .
In an interview with Focus in May 2010, she spoke out in favor of extending the two non-transferable months (so-called “father months”) of parental allowance to four months. She is also working on a partial parental allowance, which should enable each parent to work part-time for twelve months . In addition, she announced that she would be launching a campaign together with the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DIHK), which, under the motto of full-time part-time work , aims to encourage companies to give both parents the opportunity to spend a certain amount of time in their professional working hours to raise their children to reduce. As an example, she cited a 30-hour working week for both partners. The plans to amend parental allowance should be implemented by extending the entitlement to parental allowance for both parents from 14 to a total of 16 months; the Ministry of Finance opposed this. The plans finally failed a year later.
In October 2010 she started the initiative for “family-friendly working hours” with the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry . She called on companies to offer more “part-time plus” positions with a workload of 30 to 35 hours. She emphasized that for 90 percent of parents when choosing an employer, family-friendliness is at least as important as salary. The actual working hours often do not correspond to the wishes of the employees. As examples of a possible alignment of company processes with families, she cited a start of company meetings before 4 p.m., priority for parents on vacation during school holidays , flextime , part-time models with 70 to 80 percent of full work and long-term accounts .
In a policy paper of the Hessen-CDU, in which more opportunities for exemption or part-time work for parents as well as lifetime working time accounts are called for, Schröder's statement is quoted that time for the family is the actual "key currency of modern family policy".
In November 2011, the authors of the study Forced Marriage in Germany accused her of saying that her wording in a guest article in the FAZ posed the risk of giving rise to anti-Muslim resentments. The study was carried out on behalf of the Family Ministry. In the opinion of the scientists, Schröder had given the results of the study “simply wrong”. Among other things, she "equated threatened crimes with those that actually took place" and, based on unreliable data, made the claim that 83.4 percent of those affected had Muslim parents. Schröder countered that she considered the division between victims of attempted and completed crimes to be cynical. Sebastian Edathy ( SPD ) accused her of not relying on content, but of acting ideologically. He suggested that Chancellor Angela Merkel should dismiss Schröder.
On the evening of the 2013 federal election , she announced that in future she only wanted to be a member of the Bundestag for her constituency in Wiesbaden; she wanted to have more time for her daughter. On April 7, 2016, Schröder announced that she would not run for the 2017 federal election .
Schröder was a member of the European Union parliamentary group of the German Bundestag .
Schröder belongs to the old confessional independent Evangelical Lutheran Church . She has been married to Ole Schröder , former Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Minister of the Interior , since February 12, 2010 .
She gave birth to her first child on June 30, 2011. This makes her the first female federal minister to have a child during her term of office. During the period of maternity leave , she was represented by State Secretaries Josef Hecken , Hermann Kues and the Federal Minister of Education at the time, Annette Schavan . She gave birth to their second daughter on June 16, 2014, and their third daughter was born in April 2018.
Schröder is considered liberal in her party in terms of family policy, participated in the basic program commission for the modernization of CDU family policy and is a member of the Pizza Connection . Her doctoral supervisor Jürgen W. Falter describes her as “liberal-conservative”.
Schröder is committed to opening up her party to Muslims who are loyal to the constitution and advocated teaching Islam in schools. In the debate about a theological essay by Mustafa Cerić for a CDU- affiliated publication, she warned of a “European caliphate ”. In addition, it calls for dropout and counseling programs for Islamists and left-wing extremists and wants to split the budget for preventive and dropout programs of the federal government accordingly.
In her function as rapporteur for integration of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group, Schröder justified the campaign for the reform of citizenship law in the election campaign for the state elections in Hesse in 1999 and spoke out in favor of a naturalization test .
In the election campaign for the state elections in Hesse in 2008, Schröder claimed an increase in "anti-German violence" by foreigners and referred to the political magazine Panorama on the experiences of police officers, prosecutors and judges and the research results of the criminologist Christian Pfeiffer . The Munich chief public prosecutor Anton Winkler then rejected Schröder's statements as false, Pfeiffer even assessed it as an abuse of his findings and stated that there was no investigation that proves that the violence motivated by hatred of Germans is increasing. Schröder then stated in a statement on their homepage that they rely on "empirical values" from individuals from the public prosecutor's office, judiciary and police, and named, among other things, the two "Berlin district judges and recognized experts on youth violence" Kirsten Heisig and Günter Räcke.
Schröder describes herself as an expert in questions of extremism and in 2008 spoke out to the taz for surveillance of the party Die Linke by the protection of the constitution. This is "absolutely right" because the party is questioning the free basic order in parts of its program .
At the beginning of 2011, Schröder introduced the provision that initiatives that campaign against extremism and want to receive funding from the relevant BMFSFJ programs must adhere to the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany . The extremism clause was already part of the funding guidelines in the past and had to be taken note of by initiatives that wanted to receive funds from the funding programs against right-wing extremism. This declaration has to be signed since 2011. Affected associations that are committed against right-wing radicalism or right-wing extremism reacted with incomprehension, since their work serves to maintain democratic values and this does not have to be confirmed by a commitment. The main point of criticism of the clause is that initiatives would be placed under a general suspicion of left-wing extremism, and associations would be forced to vouch for their project partners and, if necessary, have them checked by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution. At the same time, Schröder's intensified “funding of programs against left-wing extremism” was criticized many times. Two reports, that of the Scientific Service of the German Bundestag and the legal scientist Ulrich Battis , came to the conclusion that the form of the “extremism clause” was questionable or illegal. The legal opinion by Professor Fritz Ossenbühl (University of Bonn), on the other hand, supports the ministry's position. Affected clubs called for a nationwide day of action on February 1, 2011. The parties Die Linke and SPD each made a request to the Bundestag in July 2011.
In mid-2010 Schröder launched the “Strengthening Democracy” initiative. The program is aimed at young people and aims to take preventive action against left-wing extremism and Islamism . In 2012, 4.67 million euros will be made available for “Strengthening Democracy”.
At the end of 2011, a brochure against left-wing extremism was published with a foreword by Schröder, in which the newspaper Neues Deutschland was characterized as left-wing extremist. After first rejecting any responsibility for the content, she said in a parliamentary question in 2012 that the magazine "occasionally contains articles with left-wing extremist references". As a justification for this statement, she later stated that the newspaper was listed in the reports on the protection of the constitution from two federal states. However, the newspaper was only mentioned in connection with Die Linke, it is not observed.
At the end of 2011, Schröder initiated a cut in funds against right-wing extremism. When the right-wing extremist Beate Zschäpe sent confession videos after the suicide of her accomplices Uwe Mundlos and Uwe Böhnhardt and thus the right-wing terror of the NSU gained notoriety, this decision was withdrawn in the same year. In 2012, these projects were funded by the federal government with a total of 24.33 million euros.
The program against left-wing extremism was canceled by her successor Manuela Schwesig . The programs “did not reach the target group and did not hit the problems”. The victim fund for victims of left-wing violence had not been used by the end of 2013. Only a few right-wing extremists had tried to obtain funds.
When the Bundestag voted in 2017 on same-sex marriage , Schröder was among the 75 members of her parliamentary group who pleaded for marriage to be open to all.
- Maturity in the information age . In: Hubert Burda ; Mathias Döpfner ; Bodo Hombach ; Jürgen Rüttgers (Ed.): 2020. Thoughts on the future of the Internet. Essen 2010, pp. 123–127, ISBN 978-3-8375-0376-0 .
- Justice as equality? An empirical analysis of the objective and subjective responsiveness of members of the Bundestag . VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden 2010, ISBN 978-3-531-17053-4 ( dissertation ).
- Kristina Schröder, Caroline Waldeck: Thank you, we are emancipated ourselves! Farewell to the dictation of role models. Piper Verlag, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-492-05505-5 .
- Kristina Schröder, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (eds.): “Mama pays!” - family breadwinners report. Herder Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau 2013, ISBN 978-3-451-30675-4 .
- Literature by and about Kristina Schröder in the catalog of the German National Library .
- Kristina Schröder in the Internet Movie Database .
- Kristina Schröder at Perlentaucher.de
- Kristina Schröder's website
- Biography at the German Bundestag Kristina Schröder
- Kristina Schröder on parliament watch.de
- https://twitter.com/insm/status/1292845299774509057. Retrieved August 10, 2020 .
- Sven Becker, Lutz Kinkel: Because of "chicks". stern.de from December 1, 2009.
- Matthias Thieme: Dr. Kristina Köhler and her helpers. ( Memento from January 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: Frankfurter Rundschau from January 16, 2010, accessed on January 27, 2010.
- Thorsten Denkler: Frau Doktor's black network. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of November 30, 2009, accessed on February 23, 2011.
- CV from June 7, 2019.
- Kristina Schröder is the new honorary chairwoman of the Junge Union Wiesbaden from June 7, 2019.
- Koehler follows von der Leyen's course . Die Zeit, November 28, 2009
- Family policy benefits to the test ( Memento from September 10, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) In: RP-Online from January 31, 2010.
- Family Minister Schröder rebukes von der Leyen. In: Spiegel Online from February 25, 2010.
- Schröder demands the right to two years of care leave. In: Spiegel Online from March 3, 2010.
- Miriam Hollstein: Family: How Kristina Schröder works on her profile. May 22, 2010, accessed November 1, 2010 .
- Family Minister Kristina Schröder in an interview with FOCUS . BMFSFJ, May 25, 2010, accessed November 1, 2010 .
- Schäuble overturns Schröder's parental allowance plans. t-online.de at Spiegel Online, April 1, 2010, accessed on November 1, 2010 .
- Felix Berth: Work instead of baby break. In: Süddeutsche.de of April 11, 2011.
- For more 30-hour jobs. www.sueddeutsche.de, October 30, 2010, archived from the original on July 16, 2012 ; Retrieved November 1, 2010 .
- Companies should offer parents more flexible working hours. Märkische Oderzeitung, October 29, 2010, accessed on November 1, 2010 .
- New policy paper: Hessen-CDU wants thought leadership in family policy. faz.net, November 1, 2010, accessed November 1, 2010 .
- Guest contribution by Kristina Schröder on forced marriages. (No longer available online.) Bmfsfj.de, November 9, 2011, archived from the original on January 15, 2012 ; Retrieved November 30, 2011 .
- Statement on the study of forced marriage. migazin.de, November 28, 2011, accessed November 30, 2011 .
- Scientists attack Schröder for Islamophobic undertones. sueddeutsche.de, November 29, 2011, accessed November 30, 2011 .
- Quarreling over numbers. spiegel.de, November 30, 2011, accessed November 30, 2011 .
- Family Minister embarrasses herself with her own study. handelsblatt.com, November 30, 2011, accessed November 30, 2011 .
- FAZ: Kristina Schröder wants more time for Lotte
- interview ; Southgerman newspaper
- FAZ.net: CDU MP Kristina Schröder withdraws from the Bundestag. April 7, 2016
- Mely Kiyak : Women's Rights: With the Fatwa for Feminism. DIE ZEIT, January 16, 2016, accessed on July 18, 2017 .
- Spiegel Online: Family Minister Koehler is now called Schröder
- family: Kristina Schröder is pregnant. Spiegel Online, January 19, 2011, accessed January 19, 2011 .
- Kristina Schröder goes on maternity leave ( memento from January 24, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ), May 18, 2011
- The Chancellor's dream women . Spiegel Online , November 27, 2009
- Who is Kristina Köhler? Die Zeit, November 28, 2009
- When the chief mufti once said Sharia . Spiegel Online, May 14, 2008
- code of honor blocks the way back. Die Tageszeitung , August 16, 2009
- Six problems for the young star , Spiegel Online from January 7, 2010
- Not everyone has to eat liver sausage , interview with Kristina Köhler in Jungle World from March 15, 2006
- the program "Panorama" from January 24th, 2008 (from 5:25 or 6:45)
- Anyone who insults Germans is thrown out - adventurous theses in the Hesse CDU (PDF; 47 kB). Norddeutscher Rundfunk ( Panorama No. 692), January 24, 2008
- Panorama from January 24, 2008: Documentation (PDF; 20 kB)
- Kristina Köhler: Statement on the panorama broadcast of January 24, 2008 ( memento of June 25, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Veit Medick : "Image" in fear of the left. . The newspaper , May 14, 2008
- Schröder's “extremism clause” in the Bundestag. ( Memento from February 10, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Tagesschau , February 10, 2011
- Enemies of Democracy. by Ralf Beste, Der Spiegel , January 17, 2011
- Initiatives against right-wing extremism State resources, stately dispute by Frank Jansen , Die Zeit , January 20, 2011
- Criticism of Schröder because of the extremism clause. Handelsblatt , February 9, 2011
- Fight against law comes under general suspicion. by Anna Mertens, Die Zeit, April 19, 2011
- Helpless fight against links. by Hellmuth Vensky, Die Zeit, May 12, 2011
- Fight against left-wing extremism “Cross-subsidization of CDU bodies” by Hannes Heine; Daniel Brössler , Sueddeutsche Zeitung , February 11, 2011
- Tax gift for Junge Union. Trip to left-wing extremist Berlin. by Wolf Schmidt, the daily newspaper, November 27, 2010
- Scientific service of the Bundestag. Concerns about extremism clause die tageszeitung, February 9, 2011
- Money for initiatives only with Gesinnungs-Tüv. by Falk Jensen, Der Tagesspiegel, December 5, 2010
- February 1, 2011: Nationwide day of action for democracy - against mistrust and the obligation to confess. February 10, 2011, accessed July 18, 2017 .
- Press release ( memento of June 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) German Bundestag, July 20, 2011
- “Confession Controversy” by Alexander Weinlein in “Das Parlament” 29–31 / 2012, p. 10.
- http://www.ndr.de/fernsehen/sendung/zapp/zapp5021_page-1.html ( Memento from February 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Dpa: Right-wing terrorism: Union does not want to cut funds against right-wing extremism. In: zeit.de. November 22, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2017 .
- “Confession Controversy” by Alexander Weinlein in “Das Parlament” 29–31 / 2012, p. 10.
- Astrid Geisler: Anti-Left Extremism Program: Target group not reached. taz, July 2, 2014, accessed July 18, 2017 .
- "Marriage for All": These Union politicians voted "Yes". DIE ZEIT, June 30, 2017, accessed on July 18, 2017 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Köhler, Kristina (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth|
|DATE OF BIRTH||3rd August 1977|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wiesbaden|