education and profession
Anke Fuchs was the daughter of the former First Mayor of Hamburg Paul Nevermann (SPD). After graduating from high school in 1956, she began studying law , which she finished with the first state examination. In 1964 she passed the second state examination in law. After that she worked until 1968 as a consultant for labor law and social policy at the DGB district of Nordmark. From 1971 to 1977 she took on the role of a managing board member of IG Metall .
Anke Fuchs was married to the former Bremen State Councilor Andreas Fuchs and had two children. Her brothers Jan (1935–2018) and Knut Nevermann (* 1944) also went into politics and also joined the SPD.
Fuchs was a member of the SPD since 1956. From 1979 she was a member of the SPD federal executive committee. For the state election in Lower Saxony on June 15, 1986 , she was initially under discussion as the top SPD candidate. However, after the former Juso chairman and younger representative Gerhard Schröder had announced his candidacy and had secured the support of several district associations of his party, Fuchs waived. From 1986 to 1991 she was also a member of the presidium of the SPD. From June 15, 1987 to 1991, she was the first woman federal manager of the SPD.
In the election of the first Saxon state parliament after the end of the GDR on October 14, 1990 , she ran as the top candidate of the SPD. This made her the first woman to head a people's party in state elections in Germany. Unlike her CDU opponent Kurt Biedenkopf , who had been to the GDR several times before the fall of the Berlin Wall and had held a visiting professorship at the University of Leipzig since April 1990 , she only appeared in Saxony a good two months before the state elections. She was unable to achieve her goal of becoming prime minister due to the poor performance of her party. The second vote share of 19.1% is, however, the best state election result of the Saxon SPD since reunification up to and including 2019 .
When in 1971 the constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg was changed in such a way that the citizenship mandate of senators was suspended from then on, it came on February 19, 1971 to exercise the mandate of a senator in the Hamburg citizenship . However, she resigned her mandate on December 31, 1971 because of her union activities.
From 1980 to 2002 she was a member of the German Bundestag . From April 1993 to October 1998 she was deputy chairwoman of the SPD parliamentary group . From October 1998 to October 2002 she then held the office of Vice President of the German Bundestag .
A quote from her speech on December 12, 1985 at the 184th session of the Bundestag was used in 1988 by the pop band OK for their hit single Okay! sampled.
In the course of a cabinet reshuffle, shortly before the end of the social-liberal coalition on April 28, 1982, she was appointed Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health. After Helmut Kohl was elected Federal Chancellor , she resigned from the Federal Government on October 4, 1982 .
From 1995 to 2007 she was the President of the German Tenants' Association , an office that her father had previously held. In addition, she was chairwoman of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation from 2003 to 2010 . Furthermore, she was chairwoman of the supervisory board of DMB Rechtsschutz-Versicherung AG .
- Herbert Ehrenberg , Anke Fuchs: Welfare State and Freedom: From the Future of the Welfare State , 1981
- Anke Fuchs: Courage to Power: Self-Experience in Politics , 1991
- Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany with Great Cross of Merit (1986) with star (1997) and shoulder ribbon (2002)
- Literature by and about Anke Fuchs in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- Anke Fuchs contemporary witness in a video interview
- SPD politician Anke Fuchs has died. In: Die Welt , October 15, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Friedrich Ebert Foundation of October 14, 2019: We mourn Anke Fuchs , accessed on October 15, 2019
- Udo Kempf (Ed.): Chancellor and Minister 1949-1998. Biographical Lexicon of the German Federal Governments. Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 2001, p. 261.
- Anke Rätsch: The Saxon State Parliament in the first two electoral periods (1990–1999): activity, professionalization and self-image of its members . Dissertation. Chemnitz 2008, p. 63 f . ( Online as PDF ; 2.1 MB).
- Herbert Ehrenberg, Anke Fuchs: Welfare state and freedom: from the future of the welfare state . Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main 1981, ISBN 3-518-37233-5 .
- Anke Fuchs: Courage to Power: Self-Experience in Politics . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 1991, ISBN 3-455-08428-1 (1993 as updated paperback edition by Droemer Knaur, Munich, ISBN 3426800187 ).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Nevermann, Anke (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (SPD), MdHB, MdB and Federal Minister, MdL|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 5, 1937|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 14, 2019|
|Place of death||Wilhelmshaven|