Federal Ministry of Health (Germany)
Federal Ministry of Health (Germany)
|position||supreme federal authority|
Bonn , North Rhine-Westphalia
|Authority management||Jens Spahn ( CDU ), Federal Minister for Health|
|Budget volume||EUR 15.31 billion (2019)|
The Federal Ministry of Health ( BMG ) is a supreme federal authority in the Federal Republic of Germany . It has its headquarters or first office in the federal city of Bonn and its second office in Berlin .
The Federal Ministry was founded in 1961 as the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) and in 1969 incorporated into the Federal Ministry for Family and Youth , which was henceforth called the Federal Ministry for Youth, Family and Health (today Federal Ministry for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth ).
After renaming in 1986 to the Federal Ministry for Youth, Family, Women and Health , the Federal Ministry for Health (BMG) was split off in 1991 , so that the original division of the departments was restored. With this spin-off, the BMG received the “Health Care, Health Insurance” department, which is essential for health policy, from the (then) Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and has only been the central actor in health policy since then. In 2002 it was expanded to include the social area (pension and long-term care insurance) (since the Ministry of Labor was merged with the Ministry of Economic Affairs) and was called the Federal Ministry for Health and Social Security (BMGS). In 2005, responsibility for pensions was transferred back to the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs , and since then the department has been renamed the Federal Ministry of Health .
Tasks of the BMG
- Maintaining efficiency
- Assurance and further development of the quality of the health system
- Strengthening the interests of patients
- Securing profitability and stabilizing contribution rates
- Disease prevention
- Development of framework regulations for the manufacture, clinical testing, approval, distribution channels and monitoring of drugs and medical devices . The goals are:
- Prevention of drug and addiction dangers
- Prevention, Rehabilitation and Disability Policy
- European and International Health Policy ; assigned are among others:
- Drug Commissioner of the Federal Government : 2019 Daniela Ludwig
- Federal government commissioner for patient concerns : Claudia Schmidtke
- Federal Government Agent for Nursing: Andreas Westerfellhaus
The Ministry is divided into the
- Technical level with the departments
- Central Department, Europe and International
- Medicines, medical devices, biotechnology
- Health care, health insurance
- Medical and professional law, prevention
- Care insurance
- Digitization and innovation
- Health security, health protection, sustainability
The BMG has official and technical supervision over the following authorities:
- Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) in Bonn
- Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) in Cologne
- Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI, Federal Institute for Vaccines and Biomedical Medicines) in Langen (Hesse)
- Robert Koch Institute (RKI, Federal Institute for Infectious Diseases and Non-Communicable Diseases) in Berlin
Federal Minister since 1961
The only joint Federal Minister for Health and Social Security, Ulla Schmidt , was the sole Federal Minister for Health both before and afterwards.
|No.||Surname||Life dates||Political party||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires||Cabinet (s)|
|Federal Minister of Health|
|1||Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt||1901-1986||CDU||November 14, 1961||November 30, 1966||
Adenauer IV , V
Erhard I , II
|2||Kate Strobel||1907-1996||SPD||1st December 1966||October 21, 1969||Kiesinger|
|Federal Minister for Youth, Family and Health|
|2||Kate Strobel||s. O.||SPD||October 22, 1969||December 15, 1972||Brandt I.|
|3||Katharina Focke||1922-2016||December 15, 1972||December 14, 1976||
|4th||Antje Huber||1924-2015||December 16, 1976||April 28, 1982||Schmidt II , III|
|5||Anke Fuchs||1937-2019||April 28, 1982||October 1, 1982||Schmidt III|
|6th||Heiner Geissler||1930-2017||CDU||4th October 1982||September 26, 1985||Kohl I , II|
|7th||Rita Süssmuth||* 1937||September 26, 1985||June 5, 1986||Kohl II|
|Federal Minister for Youth, Family, Women and Health|
|7th||Rita Süssmuth||s. O.||CDU||June 6, 1986||December 9, 1988||Kohl III|
|8th||Ursula Lehr||* 1930||December 9, 1988||January 18, 1991|
|Federal Minister for Health|
|9||Gerda Hasselfeldt||* 1950||CSU||January 18, 1991||May 6, 1992||Kohl IV|
|10||Horst Seehofer||* 1949||May 6, 1992||October 26, 1998||Kohl IV , V|
|11||Andrea Fischer||* 1960||Green||October 27, 1998||January 12, 2001||Schröder I|
|12||Ulla Schmidt||* 1949||SPD||January 12, 2001||October 22, 2002|
|Federal Minister for Health and Social Security|
|12||Ulla Schmidt||s. O.||SPD||October 22, 2002||November 22, 2005||Schröder II|
|Federal Minister for Health|
|12||Ulla Schmidt||s. O.||SPD||November 22, 2005||October 27, 2009||Merkel I|
|13||Philipp Rösler||* 1973||FDP||October 28, 2009||May 12, 2011||Merkel II|
|14th||Daniel Bahr||* 1976||May 12, 2011||17th December 2013|
|15th||Hermann Gröhe||* 1961||CDU||17th December 2013||March 14, 2018||Merkel III|
|16||Jens Spahn||* 1980||March 14, 2018||officiating||Merkel IV|
According to an analysis by the Federal Statistical Office , the Federal Ministry of Health is one of the “biggest sinners in bureaucracy” in Germany. Self-employed people and companies incurred costs of 3.4 billion euros in 2015 due to the 766 information obligations caused by laws and regulations. Documentation requirements for doctors and pharmacists are of particular importance. Overall, the bureaucracy costs triggered by all laws are estimated at 43 billion euros. This does not include the costs for citizens.
- Committee on Health
- Expert council for assessing developments in the health sector (advisory committee of experts, various reports)
- Official website of the Federal Ministry of Health
- News from the Federal Ministry of Health at Deutsches Ärzteblatt
- Bundeshaushalt.de: www.Bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved August 30, 2019 .
- Abbreviations. (PDF; 49 kB) Abbreviations for the constitutional organs, the highest federal authorities and the highest federal courts. In: bund.de. Federal Office of Administration (BVA), accessed on August 14, 2016 .
- Office and person of the authorized representative. Retrieved July 7, 2020 .
- Organizational chart of the ministry. Retrieved January 3, 2020 .
- Florian Gathmann, reporting obligations, regulations, evidence: These are the biggest bureaucratic sinners , Spiegel online, March 11, 2015.