Vocational rehabilitation

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vocational rehabilitation is a collective term for certain benefits for rehabilitation . The law also describes them as benefits for participation in working life .

While medical rehabilitation primarily serves to restore health and measures for participation in community life are intended to enable integration into society, vocational rehabilitation serves to regain employability and secure an income on the general labor market ( Section 10 No. . 2 SGB I).

Legal regulation

General legal regulations can be found in § 5 No. 2 as well as §§ 6 and 49 SGB ​​IX . According to this, the Federal Employment Agency , the statutory accident insurance , the statutory pension insurance , the war victims and war victims welfare agencies, the public youth welfare agencies and the social welfare agencies provide the necessary services to maintain the ability to work for disabled people or people at risk of disability according to their capabilities, to improve, manufacture or restore.

The general regulations in SGB IX are supplemented by the special regulations in the other books of the Social Security Code, for example in Sections 112 ff. SGB ​​III or Sections 9 ff. SGB ​​VI . Which regulations are applicable in each individual case is judged by which agency is responsible for the service in each individual case. This in turn depends on the special performance requirements that must be met in each individual case according to the Social Security Code. So which is statutory accident insurance only for rehabilitation measures for industrial accidents and occupational diseases responsible. For benefits from the statutory pension insurance , the insurance requirements must be met, for example a waiting period of 15 years must be met ( Section 11 (1) No. 1 SGB VI).


The benefits include cash benefits and benefits in kind for people with disabilities or those at risk of disability, and cash benefits for employers. The possible benefits are mentioned in Sections 49 to 63 SGB ​​IX.

The benefits to people with disabilities or those at risk of disability include in particular in accordance with Section 49 (3) SGB IX

  • Assistance in maintaining or obtaining a job, including benefits for activation and professional integration, e.g. B. through retraining , further education and professional training measures ,
  • Professional preparation including basic training required because of the disability,
  • individual company qualification within the framework of supported employment,
  • professional adaptation and further training, even if the services include a school-leaving qualification required for participation,
  • Vocational training, even if the services are carried out at school in a non-predominant part of the time,
  • Start-up grant according to § 93 SGB ​​III,
  • other aids to promote participation in working life, in order to enable and maintain suitable and suitable employment or self-employment for people with disabilities, such as vehicle assistance , the costs of a necessary work assistance or the costs of technical aids to make workplaces suitable for the disabled, which are financed from the equalization levy .

According to Section 50 of Book IX of the Social Code, employers can receive various subsidies for the training allowances and wages paid.


Vocational rehabilitation institutions are according to § 51 SGB IX training works , Berufsförderungswerk plants and similar facilities. Recognized workshops for disabled people provide services for disabled people who, due to the type or severity of the disability, cannot, not yet or not yet be employed again on the general labor market ( Section 56 , Section 219 of Book IX of the Social Code).

Private rehabilitation services

For accident victims in the traffic sector have liability insurance through private rehabilitation services to often services in vocational rehabilitation. These do not provide their own services, but control statutory services and private offers via case management .


The Austrian social insurance provides benefits for professional reintegration after an accident at work or in the event of an occupational disease through the accident insurance institutions and for the prevention of disability and occupational disability through the pension insurance.

Important legal bases at the federal level are the General Social Insurance Act and the Federal Disability Act , which define the types of rehabilitation as well as the responsibilities and procedures of the various providers. In the disability and social assistance laws of the federal states, vocational rehabilitation is referred to as "integration assistance".

After an eight-week rehab planning phase, in which the individual professional performance is clarified and from which a rehab plan results in which a professional goal and all steps to achieve it are defined, retraining measures, training, additional qualifications or other support measures such as B. workplace adjustments or changes in work organization. In addition, aspects of prevention and early intervention are also gaining in importance.


In Switzerland, the Federal Act on Disability Insurance (IVG) regulates professional integration measures.


  • Johann Lehrner, Gisela Pusswald, Elisabeth Fertl, Wilhelm Strubreither, Ilse Kryspin-Exner: Professional rehabilitation in Austria. Basics - Diagnostics - Rehabilitation . Springer-Verlag, Vienna 2011. ISBN 978-3-7091-0063-9

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Vocational rehabilitation ( memento from September 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) website of the Federal Employment Agency
  2. ^ Occupational rehabilitation website of the German Social Accident Insurance
  3. ^ Vocational rehabilitation website of the German Pension Insurance
  4. Technical work aids Integrationsämter.de, specialist dictionary, January 15, 2014
  5. Application for vocational rehabilitation on Austria's public health portal, accessed on April 7, 2016
  6. Vocational rehabilitation ( memento of April 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) website of the pension insurance company, accessed on April 7, 2016
  7. ^ Basics of vocational rehabilitation, Vocational Promotion Institute Upper Austria & Vocational Education and Rehabilitation Center, Linz 2002
  8. ^ Maria Osterkorn: Trends in vocational rehabilitation for disabled people (4/5/2010), pp. 22–33
  9. ^ Information center AHV / IV in cooperation with the Federal Social Insurance Office (publisher): IV occupational integration measures as of January 1, 2015