Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

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Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
- BMZ -

State level Federation
position supreme federal authority
founding November 14, 1961
Headquarters Bonn
Authority management Gerd Müller ( CSU ), Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development
Servants circa 1025
Budget volume EUR 10.2 billion (2019)
Web presence bmz.de
Gerd Müller (CSU), Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development ( BMZ for short ) is a supreme federal authority in the Federal Republic of Germany and is responsible for development cooperation . The first office is in Bonn , the second office is in Berlin .


In 1961 the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation was founded to pool the responsibilities in the field of development cooperation that had previously been assigned to various ministries . It was based on the Federal Ministry for Matters of the Marshall Plan , which had existed since the Federal Government was in existence and which had the task of rebuilding in war-torn Europe. Similar methods should now be used to advance underdeveloped areas. Since January 23, 1993 it has been called the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, which is still valid today .

Tasks and structure

The task of the BMZ is the basic conceptual design of development cooperation in the Federal Republic of Germany, which should also take into account the implementation of democratic principles and human rights in the partner countries. On the basis of these principles, goals and measures are agreed in bilateral agreements with the partner countries, the results of which are monitored by the ministry. For the practical implementation of the measures, the so-called implementing organizations and non-governmental organizations are consulted and financially supported.

The BMZ also manages German contributions to international development cooperation organizations such as the European Development Fund , the World Bank and regional development banks as well as sub-organizations of the United Nations . The ministry is active in the bodies of the organizations to coordinate the measures at international level.

Because of the global importance of development policy and the political objectives behind it, the BMZ has been represented on the Federal Security Council since 1998 .


The Department Z (16 papers) is responsible for general administrative tasks as well as, among others, for cooperation with social forces such as NGOs, churches and political foundations for citizenship and for development education. The protocol staff is assigned to the head of department.

The Division 1 (17 papers) is responsible for the topics of fundamental issues, the cooperation of the economy, trade issues and rural development and food security. The public relations department is assigned to the head of department.

The Division 2 (13 papers) is responsible for development cooperation with the countries and regions in Africa and all issues related to flight and migration .

The Department 3 (9 papers) is responsible for development cooperation with Europe, Asia , Latin America and the Middle East.

The Department 4 (11 papers) is responsible for thematic and sectoral issues of development policy, u. a. climate change, human rights , education and health.

The department 5 (9 papers) is responsible for multilateral cooperation so for relations and cooperation with such. B. the EU, the World Bank and the regional development banks.

External representation

New headquarters of the BMZ in the former Federal Chancellery
BMZ, aerial photo
Buddy Bear One World in front of the BMZ in Berlin

The BMZ sends experts on economic cooperation to partner countries and international organizations to coordinate development work there.

Furthermore, employees are sent to the following embassies: Accra, Addis Ababa, Bamako, Belgrade, Bishkek, Brasilia, Colombo, Dakar, Dar es Salaam, Dhaka, Hanoi, Islamabad, Jakarta, Yaounde, Kabul, Cairo, Kampala, Kathmandu, Kigali, Kinshasa, La Paz, Lilongwe, Lima, Lusaka, Managua, Maputo, Nairobi, New Delhi, Ouagadougou, Beijing, Phnom Penh, Pretoria, Rabat, Ramallah, Sanaa, Tegucigalpa, Tbilisi and Windhoek.

The BMZ is also represented in the German permanent missions at the following international institutions: United Nations (Geneva and New York), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Paris), European Union (Brussels), World Food Organization (Rome), World Food Program (Rome) , International Fund for Agricultural Development (Rome).

In addition, the BMZ has its own staff on the boards of the World Bank and the African, Asian, Inter-American and Caribbean Development Banks.

Implementing organizations by 2010

The BMZ commissions the implementing organizations to implement the federal government's development policy projects. The tasks of these organizations include the implementation of financial and technical cooperation projects, the preparation and secondment of German specialists and development workers, and the professional training of specialists and managers from the partner countries.

The individual implementing organizations developed specialized skills and cooperate with one another in their work in the partner countries. These include, among others, the KfW Development Bank , the German Investment and Development Company (DEG), the German Society for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), the German Development Service (DED) and international training and development charitable GmbH (InWEnt). Studies by the OECD repeatedly suggested a reform of the implementing organizations due to a lack of efficiency and controllability. In the 16th electoral term under Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, an attempt at reform failed .

Restructuring from 2011

With effect from January 1, 2011, GTZ, DED and the Further Education Society for International Further Education and Development (InWEnt) merged to form the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ). The new organization should have fewer employees and more managers than the individual organizations before. The reform is also viewed positively by the opposition. Overall, the federal budget will be relieved of around 300 jobs through the restructuring - despite the creation of new jobs in the ministry and the establishment of a new service agency.

On January 1, 2012, Engagement Global - Service for Development Initiatives, was founded as a central service point to bundle all BMZ-funded institutions and programs to promote civic and communal commitment and development education. The public company is also funded by BMZ bilingual bimonthly D + C Development and Cooperation (D + C Development and Cooperation) out, which serves as an international discussion forum of German development policy.


International goals, millennium goals

  1. Halve the proportion of the world's population suffering from extreme poverty and hunger
  2. enable all children to go to primary school
  3. Gender equality and promote the rights of women strengthen
  4. Infant mortality decrease
  5. Improve maternal health
  6. Fight HIV / AIDS, malaria and other communicable diseases
  7. improve the protection of the environment
  8. build a global development partnership

Development cooperation should give people the freedom to shape their lives independently and responsibly without material hardship. In this sense, the German federal government wants to contribute with its development policy that globalization becomes an opportunity for all people. In the future, German development cooperation will concentrate primarily on the sectors of education, health, rural development, good governance and sustainable economic development. The guiding principle is the protection of human rights. (Source: www.bmz.de)

In 2014, as part of the discussion about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), the guidelines of German development policy were revised and published in early 2015 in the form of a future charter. On this basis, the BMZ wants to publish an annual review of development policy. The first interim report was published at the end of 2015.

Federal Minister since 1961

Gerd Müller (CSU) Dirk Niebel Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul Carl-Dieter Spranger Jürgen Warnke Hans Klein Jürgen Warnke Rainer Offergeld Marie Schlei Egon Bahr Erhard Eppler Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski Werner Dollinger Walter Scheel
No. Surname image Life dates Political party Beginning of the term of office Term expires Cabinet (s)
Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation
1 Walter Scheel Walter Scheel 1971.jpg 1919-2016 FDP November 14, 1961 October 28, 1966 Adenauer IV
Adenauer V
Erhard I
Erhard II
2 Werner Dollinger Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F017055-0030, Paris, inauguration of the German Embassy, ​​Dollinger.jpg 1918-2008 CSU October 28, 1966 November 30, 1966 Erhard II
3 Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski Federal archive B 145 Bild-F079279-0005, Münster, SPD party conference, Wischnewski.jpg 1922-2005 SPD 1st December 1966 2nd October 1968 Kiesinger
4th Erhard Eppler Federal archive B 145 Bild-F039410-0008, Hanover, SPD federal party conference, Eppler.jpg 1926-2019 SPD October 16, 1968 July 8, 1974 Kiesinger
Brandt I
Brandt II
Schmidt I
5 Egon Bahr Federal archive B 145 Bild-F055062-0011A, Cologne, SPD party conference, Bahr.jpg 1922-2015 SPD July 8, 1974 December 14, 1976 Schmidt I
6th Marie Schlei Federal archive B 145 Bild-F046733-0013, Bonn, 25th anniversary of the Federal CDU, Marie Schlei.jpg 1919-1983 SPD December 16, 1976 February 16, 1978 Schmidt II
7th Rainer Offergeld Federal archive B 145 Bild-F062774-0029, Munich, SPD party conference, Offergeld, Haehser.jpg * 1937 SPD February 16, 1978 October 1, 1982 Schmidt II
Schmidt III
8th Jürgen Warnke Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F073643-0004, Bonn, Warnke with President of Guatemala.jpg 1932-2013 CSU 4th October 1982 March 11, 1987 Kohl I
Kohl II
9 Hans Klein Federal archive B 145 Bild-F083495-0022, Hans Klein.jpg 1931-1996 CSU March 12, 1987 April 21, 1989 Kohl III
10 Jürgen Warnke Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F073643-0004, Bonn, Warnke with President of Guatemala.jpg 1932-2013 CSU April 21, 1989 January 18, 1991 Kohl III
11 Carl-Dieter Spranger Federal archive B 145 Bild-F086612-0011, 1st all-German Federal Council meeting, Spranger.jpg * 1939 CSU January 18, 1991 January 22, 1993 Kohl IV
Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development
11 Carl-Dieter Spranger Federal archive B 145 Bild-F086612-0011, 1st all-German Federal Council meeting, Spranger.jpg * 1939 CSU January 23, 1993 October 26, 1998 Kohl IV
Kohl V
12 Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (2009) .jpg * 1942 SPD October 27, 1998 October 27, 2009 Schröder I
Schröder II
Merkel I
13 Dirk Niebel Dirk Niebel 1c399 0357.jpg * 1963 FDP October 28, 2009 17th December 2013 Merkel II
14th Gerd Müller Gerd Müller CSU party conference 2013 by Olaf Kosinsky (5 of 5) .jpg * 1955 CSU 17th December 2013 in office Merkel III
Merkel IV

Parliamentary State Secretaries

Official State Secretaries

Alliance for sustainable textiles

The Alliance for Sustainable Textiles was founded in October 2014 on the initiative of the BMZ . Around 30 companies and organizations have committed to improving working and living conditions in the textile industry in low-wage countries.


  • Michael Bohnet : History of German Development Policy: Strategies, Interior Views, Contemporary Witnesses , Challenges , UVK Verlagsgesellschaft, Konstanz / Munich 2015 (utb4320), ISBN 978-3-8252-4320-3 .

Web links

Commons : Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.bmz.de/de/ministerium/zahlen_akte/haushalt/index.html Overview of the 2019 budget on the BMZ website
  2. ↑ List of Abbreviations. (PDF; 49 kB) Abbreviations for the constitutional organs, the highest federal authorities and the highest federal courts. In: bund.de. Federal Office of Administration (BVA), accessed on August 14, 2016 .
  3. a b [1] (PDF)
  4. http://www.bpb.de/apuz/32912/mehr-kohaerenz-in-der-entwicklungspolitik-durch-geberkoordination?p=all ; Retrieved February 9, 2013
  5. Niebels water head. In: The daily newspaper. November 25, 2010.
  6. Niebel restructures development aid ( memento of the original from September 10, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , on: rp online. December 16, 2010. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.rp-online.de
  7. sueddeutsche.de , accessed on February 9, 2013
  8. Niebel plan. How the Development Minister is restructuring his ministry - in order to ultimately dissolve it , zeit.de, January 13, 2012
  9. Press release on the personnel structure of the BMZ  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.dirk-niebel.de  
  10. Source BMZ [Please complete source and date]
  11. Future Charter, One World - Our Responsibility , Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), January 2015
  12. Short summary of the future charter , Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), November 24, 2014
  13. ^ Interim balance sheet , personal web site of Gerd Müller
  14. ^ Balance sheet - One year future charter , personal website of Gerd Müller, December 17, 2015
  15. https://www.bmz.de/de/ministerium/leitung/index.html
  16. Press release of the Federal Government: New Alliance for Sustainable Textiles , October 16, 2014.

Coordinates: 50 ° 43 '9.7 "  N , 7 ° 7' 9.5"  E