Langen (Hesse)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Langen (Hesse)
Langen (Hesse)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Langen (Hesse) highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 59 '  N , 8 ° 41'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Offenbach
Height : 139 m above sea level NHN
Area : 29.12 km 2
Residents: 38,229 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1313 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 63225
Area code : 06103
License plate : OF
Community key : 06 4 38 006
City structure: 6 districts

City administration address :
Südliche Ringstrasse 80
63225 Langen (Hesse)
Website :
Mayor : Jan Werner ( CDU )
Location of the city of Langen (Hessen) in the Offenbach district
Neu-Isenburg Dreieich Langen (Hessen) Egelsbach Rödermark Dietzenbach Heusenstamm Mühlheim am Main Rodgau Obertshausen Hainburg Seligenstadt Mainhausen Darmstadt Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg Bayern Main-Kinzig-Kreis Offenbach am Main Kreis Groß-Gerau Frankfurt am Mainmap
About this picture
Official logo of the city of Langen
View of the old town

Langen (Hessen) is a medium-sized town with around 38,000 inhabitants in the Offenbach district in southern Hesse , between Darmstadt and Frankfurt am Main . Langen is the headquarters of the German air traffic control ; The Paul Ehrlich Institute and the training center of the German Weather Service are located in the immediate vicinity . In addition, Fujitsu Electronics Europe has its headquarters in Langen.


Geographical location

Langen is located in the Offenbach district , in the conurbation of the Rhine-Main area , one of the economically strongest areas in Germany. The city is centrally located between the cities of Frankfurt am Main and Darmstadt and is conveniently located in the triangle of the universities of Frankfurt , Darmstadt and Mainz . Together with cities such as Krakow , Mainz and Prague , Langen is at the 50th parallel ; this is marked by a stone near the Asklepios Clinic . Langen is traversed by the Sterzbach, which rises from the paddle pond.

Neighboring communities

Langen borders the city of Dreieich to the north and northeast , Egelsbach to the south and the city of Mörfelden-Walldorf ( Groß-Gerau district ) to the west .

Neu-Isenburg , Moerfelden-Walldorf Neu-Isenburg Dreieich
Egelsbach Neighboring communities Dreieich
Egelsbach Egelsbach , Darmstadt Dreieich

City structure

Langen only includes the district of Langen (Gmk.-Nr. 60743) and is divided into the following districts:

  • the old town in the east. It is located within the former eastern city wall, some of which is still visible. An “old town statute” applies to the old town in order to preserve the character of the many half-timbered houses.
  • the center in the middle of Langen, which is surrounded by the other parts of the city.
  • Neurott in the northwest. It is an industrial park where companies like Borland or Oracle are based. The headquarters of German air traffic control and the Paul Ehrlich Institute are located here . Although the district is a commercial area, there are residential buildings here. One of the settlements was built in 1958 for US troops from the nearby Rhein-Main Air Base (closed in 2005). Up until 2016 there were basketball courts and a baseball field, which meanwhile had to give way to single and multi-family houses. In September 2008 the US Army has to return the Langen Terrace Family Housing Area to the Federal Republic. The apartments are rented out by the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks (BImA); It is also checked whether structural densification is possible.
  • the Nordend , a residential area of ​​Langen, in which there are many apartment blocks and high-rises.
  • Linden and Oberlinden in the west are urban districts that were created as purely residential areas and significantly increased the population of Langen at that time.
  • the Steinberg in the southeast. There have been newly built row houses as well as single and multi-family houses with gardens since the late 1990s.

The individual districts are not indicated by signs. The route to the old town is only signposted at two crossings.



People lived in the area as early as the Mesolithic . This is proven by finds from excavations on the area of ​​the New Town Hall and the indoor swimming pool (town hall). In the Kober city important finds were from the Hallstatt period made.


Already about 2000 years ago a rural settlement can be assumed for Langen, which was also on an important traffic route , which makes further settlement of other professions, especially as a result of trade traffic, conceivable. Due to this favorable location on one of the most important north-south trade routes in the direction of Frankfurt, where it was possible to cross the Main all year round early on, the establishment of a Roman legionary camp or a so-called auxiliary fort in Langen can also be assumed. The city name is derived from this fact indirectly and as if it were shortened in Low German. Card entries and designations such as "Lagerem Legionem" from the Latin legere = to lay, as well as Lager Legionorum to the later Langen are to be assumed. Evidence for the settlement of a legionary camp at that time is finally provided by the routing of the city complex, which is still possible today in many places by evaluating aerial photos or maps. The Germanic , earlier city complex differs roughly from the rectangular Roman settlement with its round city walls and curved paths .

middle Ages

A first settlement was probably created between 500 and 600 by Franconian immigrants . The oldest surviving written mention of the place contains a deed of gift from King Ludwig II to the Lorsch Monastery from 834. Langen is mentioned here as Langungon . In 835 he had the extent of the Markgenossenschaft Langen described with Drieichlahha , today's Dreieich as a neighboring community in the north. In the Middle Ages, the forests around Langen also belonged to the Wildbann Dreieich , which was administered in the name of the king by the Lords of Hagen (later von Munzenberg) as bailiffs . Two of the thirty Wildhuben of Wildbann were here.

When the Hagen-Munzenberg family died out in 1255, the Munzenberg inheritance was succeeded by a community of heirs from noble houses in the area. These included the von Falkenstein (5/6) and Hanau (1/6) families . In 1414 the village burned down when a dispute broke out between the city of Frankfurt and the Archbishop of Trier , Werner von Falkenstein . When the lords of Falkenstein became extinct in the male line in 1418, the Isenburg family inherited the place. Remains of the fortifications with the pointed tower and the blunt tower have survived from the Middle Ages .

Early modern age

From the Renaissance is four tube wells of 1553 received. In 1600 Langen and the entire Kelsterbach office were sold by the Count of Isenburg to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt . Since then, Langen has belonged to Hesse . When the Länger Markgenossenschaft was divided up in 1732, whose Oberhof was Langen, the place received two thirds of the land, Egelsbach one third.

Modern times

In 1813 Langen was elevated to a market town and in 1821 the seat of the district administration . Langen was practically a district town, but in 1832 it had to relinquish this function to Groß-Gerau and Offenbach . In 1834 Langen had 2,368 inhabitants. In 1846 the Main-Neckar Railway was built, at which the Langen (Hess) station was built. In 1862, Ort became part of the Offenbach district. 1883 he was with the inauguration of the City Church by Grand Duke Ludwig IV. , The city rights awarded.

After the end of the First World War , Langen was occupied by French troops until 1930 as part of the Allied occupation of the Rhineland as part of the Mainz bridgehead. In 1959 the residential town of Oberlinden was built as a first (planned) extension . In the course of the regional reform in Hesse in the 1970s, Langen was one of the few cities and municipalities that remained unchanged.

Population development

The reasons for the first strong population growth in the 19th century lie in the Chaussee (the later B3) with the connection to Frankfurt and Darmstadt and the loss of power of the Isenburg counts, as well as the takeover of territory by the landgraves and later grand dukes of Hesse-Darmstadt . With the appointment of Langen in 1821 as a grand-ducal administrative center, the Dreieich municipalities increasingly developed and built traffic routes in order to ensure that Langen can be accessed centrally. This made it quicker to get to Groß-Gerau. The construction of the Main-Neckar-Bahn in 1846 is also important for the population growth, especially since Langen was the only municipality between Frankfurt and Darmstadt to have a train station. Even if the old districts were dissolved two years later, the district court and tax office remained in Langen - and thus the function as the administrative center. Thus in 1861 " [...] 54% of the citizens of Langen lived from industry and handicrafts [...] ".

After the Second World War , the construction of the Oberlinden district in 1959/60 led to an increase in the population, which created living space for around 6,000 residents and became a new home for expellees and Silesians . Later in the eighties and nineties, the existing living space was again densified and new living space was created in the Nordend , in which the state refugee camp was located - the largest transitional home for repatriates in Hesse with 1,100 residents .

The following population figures are documented:

Langen: Population from 1694 to 2019
year     Residents
Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968.
Further sources:; 1791 :; 1800 :; 1806 :; 1976 :; 2000, 2015 :; See adjacent table
year Residents year Residents year Residents year Residents
1804 1,477 1885 4,706 1961 20,957 2014 36,058
1817 1,859 1890 4,827 1967 29,511 2015 37,026
1828 2,552 1895 5,007 1983 28,500 2016 37,252
1834 2,368 1900 5,632 1990 33.112 2017 37,527
1836 2,680 1905 6,309 2004 35,269 2018 37.902
1840 2,745 1910 7,630 2005 35,156 2019 38,651
1846 3,083 1925 7,891 2006 35.184
1852 3,242 1933 8,613 2007 35,177
1858 3,195 1939 9,077 2008 35,260
1861 2,985 1946 12.093 2009 35,430
1864 3,039 1950 13,351 2010 35,570
1871 3,636 1956 17.097 2011 36,031
1875 4,087 1959 19,802 2012 35,644
1880 4,475 1960 21,252 2013 35,845


The new town hall in Langen


Mayor: Jan Werner, independent (member of the CDU).

First City Councilor: Stefan Löbig, Alliance 90 / The Greens.

Mayor of Langen First councilor
Term of office Surname person Term of office Surname person
1810-1821 Jakob Thon High school hot, off

1821 mayor

1822-1824 Johannes Keim Innkeeper
1825-1836 Philipp Metzger
1836-1842 Georg Heinrich Dröll Butcher
1842-1848 Johann Jacob Dröll Teacher
1848-1849 Johannes Werner Alderman
1849-1862 Carl Thon
1862-1877 Konrad Werner farmer
1877-1894 Heinrich Ludwig (Louis) Dröll last volunteer


1894-09.04.1915 Johann Peter Metzger first full-time


bourgeois camp

1915-1918 (no mayor) Alderman

Wilhelm Oppermann

1918-1920 Alderman

Friedrich Munz

1920-09.1933 Georg room SPD
09.1933-1945 Heinrich Goeckel NSDAP
March 26, 1945 to September 30, 1945 Wilhelm Umbach provisional
October 1, 1945– March 29, 1946 Christoph Zellhöfer SPD , provisional
March 30, 1946– June 30, 1948 Johannes Steitz SPD
July 1, 1948– June 30, 1966 Wilhelm Umbach SPD July 1, 1948– June 30, 1952 Herth, Wilhelm Deputy Chairman
July 1, 1952 to June 30, 1956 Kömpel, Wilhelm SPD
July 1, 1956 to June 30, 1960 Steitz, Johannes SPD
July 1, 1960 to June 30, 1966 Dear Karl-Heinz SPD
July 1, 1966– June 30, 1990 Hans Kreiling SPD July 1, 1966–03.1983
04.1983-30.09.1989 Zenske, Dr. Uwe CDU
October 1, 1989– June 30, 1990 Dieter Pitthan SPD
July 1, 1990 to June 30, 2008 Dieter Pitthan SPD July 1, 1990 to June 30, 2008 Klaus-Dieter Schneider CDU (until 2002) /


July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2020 Frieder Gebhardt SPD July 1, 2008– June 30, 2014
01.07.2014-today Stefan Löbig Alliance 90 / The Greens
07/01/2020-today Jan Werner independently

(Member of the CDU )

The first mayor with the introduction of the official title on July 9, 1821 by the Hessian municipal code of the Grand Duchy of Hesse is Jakob Thon. The office was held on a voluntary basis until 1894. The first full-time mayor is Johann Peter Metzger. The last elected mayor before the National Socialists were impeached from office was the union secretary Georg Zimmer. This was elected directly by the population on January 18, 1920 with a majority of 90.9%. The office was then exercised by Heinrich Göckel.

Wilhelm Umbach was appointed mayor from March 26 to September 30, 1945, and Christoph Zellhöfer (also SPD) was temporarily appointed mayor from October 1 to March 29, 1946. After Johannes Steitz (1946–1948), Wilhelm Umbach (1948–1966), Hans Kreiling (1966–1990) and Dieter Pitthan (1990–2008), Frieder Gebhardt is the fifth elected SPD mayor of Langen after the Second World War . Pitthan was made an honorary citizen after 18 years of service . Gebhardt was introduced into office on June 30, 2008 as the successor to his party friend Dieter Pitthan .

Frieder Gebhardt (SPD) was elected mayor for the first time on February 10, 2008; he prevailed in a runoff election with 63.98 percent against Berthold Matyschok (CDU). Matyschok had reached the second ballot only just before the independent individual candidate Jan Werner (then also a member of the CDU). On February 16, 2014 Gebhardt was confirmed in office for a further six years; the term of office began on July 1, 2014. In the run-off election Gebhardt prevailed with 49 votes ahead (50.2 percent) against Jan Werner (non-party), after he had been well behind in the first ballot.

Also on July 1, 2014, the first term of office of the First City Councilor Stefan Löbig (Alliance 90 / The Greens) began. He was elected to office by the city council on June 5, 2014 and is the successor to Klaus-Dieter Schneider ( CDU / non-party), who was no longer nominated for election for this period and was first city councilor for 24 years.

After two terms in office, Frieder Gebhardt did not stand for mayoral election in 2020. For the first time since 1945, the mayor-designate is not a member of the SPD, as the SPD candidate Angela Kasikci took third place after the first ballot on March 1, 2020 with 19.51 percent. Jan Werner (39.7 percent | non-party) and Stefan Löbig (25.16 percent | Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ) entered the runoff election on March 15, 2020 . Jan Werner prevailed against Stefan Löbig (58.85 percent versus 41.15 percent).

City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 45 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 28.1 13 27.5 13 35.5 16 37.9 17th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 22.9 10 26.3 12 31.4 14th 32.0 14th
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 17.0 8th 24.4 11 14.7 7th 14.7 7th
FWG-NEV Free Voter Community - Non-party resident representatives 14.9 7th 11.6 5 12.0 5 9.8 4th
FDP Free Democratic Party 7.8 3 4.2 2 6.4 3 5.5 3
THE LEFT THE LEFT 4.4 2 3.0 1 - - - -
UWFB / FW Independent voter association to promote mayoral and local elections / free voters 4.9 2 3.0 1 - - - -
total 100 45 100 45 100 45 100 45
Voter turnout in% 41.2 39.9 37.3 46.2

Town twinning

With in since
Blason ville for Romorantin-Lanthenay (LoirCher) .svg Romorantin-Lanthenay FranceFrance France 1968
Long Eaton United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 1970
Tarsus Belediyesi.svg tarsus TurkeyTurkey Turkey 1991
Coat of Arms of Aranda de Duero, svg Aranda de Duero SpainSpain Spain 2006

There are also school partnerships between the Dreieichschule and the Lycée Agricole in Château-Salins and the Oregon High School in Oregon in Wisconsin.

badges and flags

Banner Langen (Hessen) .svg

coat of arms

DEU Langen Hessen COA.svg
Langen court seal from 1622

Blazon : "In gold, a green oak branch with three red acorns, covered at the bottom with a stumped black branch."

The coat of arms of the city of Langen in the Offenbach district was approved by the Hessian Interior Minister on June 15, 1959 . In its present form it was designed by the Bad Nauheim heraldist Heinz Ritt .

The coat of arms is based on a seal from 1622. The city was in the Wildbann Dreieich , which was in imperial possession. The horizontal branch is a local symbol to distinguish the coats of arms from other coats of arms in the area (such as Egelsbach ). The colors were not officially set, so many different combinations appear by 1959.


The flag was approved together with the coat of arms on June 15, 1959 by the Hessian Minister of the Interior and is described as follows:

"On the wide, white central strip of the red-white-red flag cloth, the municipal coat of arms."


In Langen there is a Protestant (with the pastoral districts Stadtkirche, Petrus, Johannes and Martin-Luther) and a Catholic parish (St Jakobus with the churches of Liebfrauen, Albertus Magnus and Thomas von Aquin). In addition, there are five free churches , an Ahmadiyya Muslim community , a community of Bahá`i religion , a Mormon community, a New Apostolic Church , a place of Jehovah's Witnesses and the Free Religious community Langen in the free-religious country Community Hesse.

In this respect, Langen is diverse when it comes to religions, but like many other cities in Germany it lost the Jewish community to the Holocaust in the Nazi state . At that time the Jewish community was large and the synagogue was solemnly inaugurated by it and the residents. On November 10, 1938, however, the synagogue was burned down by the National Socialists and the citizens of the city (→ November pogroms 1938 ). Today there is a memorial with a memorial plaque and a turret of the synagogue that were found during excavations.

Culture and sights


The Langener Ebbelwoifest , to which tens of thousands of visitors come to the city every year on the last weekend in June , is known beyond the city limits . The festival has its origins in 1974 when the Langen Transport and Improvement Association initiated and organized a local festival around the four-tube fountain. Since then, the cider has been flowing out of the four-tube fountain on the festive days.

City hall complex

New town hall in Langen

Many events take place in the newly renovated town hall, especially in the large hall. This has an approximately 180 m² stage and offers space for 500 people. If the walls to the foyer are opened, 750 can sit in the hall. There are artists' changing rooms behind the stage. There are several conference rooms in the basement of the New Town Hall in Langen. Among other things, there is a selected gastronomy, unique glass works, a city library with 45,000 media and one of the largest indoor swimming pools in the region.


In the urban area is the Langener Waldsee , which is particularly popular with Frankfurters because of its proximity to the Main metropolis . The Ironman Germany swimming competitions have been held there since 2002 .

The former hunting lodge Wolfsgarten , which is owned by the House of Hesse , is located on the outskirts .

Numerous orchestras and music groups are part of Langen's cultural life. The orchestral association Langen and the brass orchestra of TV 1862 Langen are among the most important. Both groups provide musical accompaniment to many public events in Langen. The oldest club in Langen is the male choir Liederkranz 1838 Langen, which still frames cultural events in the city as a pure male choir.


Church buildings

The high tower of the Protestant town church shapes the image of the old town of Langen. The building, built in the neo-Gothic style, was inaugurated in 1883. The town church was built by the architect Johann Christian Horst. In 1959 the interior of the church was changed in the style of the time. When the church had to be renovated, the parish decided to use the original design from 1883 as a model. Since 1997 the nave has been shining again in the splendor of neo-Gothic colors. In 2015, plans to redesign four glass windows in the transept of the church were presented. The designs of the Langen glass artist Johannes Schreiter , who already designed two windows in the tower passage, are to replace the windows from 1959.

In the course of the 20th century, further Protestant and Catholic church buildings were added: In 1893, the Catholics received a Marienkapelle (Church of Our Lady) in what was then the outskirts in Frankfurter Strasse by the Mainz cathedral builder Joseph HA Lucas. After 1945, the number of Catholics increased by leaps and bounds due to refugees and immigrants, which also shaped the new "residential town Oberlinden" southwest of the old town and the railway line. For both denominations, the housing association “ Nassauische Heimstätte ” provided prominent urban plots and pushed for artistically sophisticated church buildings. The Protestant Martin Luther Church was inaugurated in 1963 based on designs by the architect Hans Georg Heimel , and the Catholic Thomas von Aquin Church in 1968 based on designs by the architects Horst Römer and Helmut Baumgart.

In 1956 the new "first" Albertus Magnus Church was inaugurated in Bahnstrasse, where the Protestant parish hall (with church hall) was built in 1926. A good 20 years later it was closed by the building authorities in March 1979 because the concrete trusses were classified as damaged and the entire building was classified as in danger of collapsing. The demolition followed in November of the same year, and in 1982 the approval for a new building. Between 1983 and 1985, the "second" Albertus Magnus Church was built according to designs by the Dreieichenhain architect Johannes Kepser: a spacious parish center consisting of a church with a tower, community hall, group rooms, youth home and day care center. Today the church interior shows glass designs by Georg Meistermann and Johannes Schreiter .

Four-tube fountain

The four-tube fountain was designed to approximate (2√2−1) / 3 ≈ 0.609 to the golden ratio (√5−1) / 2 ≈ 0.618. The lion, popularly known as Leu or Löb, did not come to the well shaft until 1599, as a sign that Langen was no longer under Isenburg, but under Hessian rule. There, where the tubes are attached, masks or Ammon's faces represent the temperaments: the lion the choleric , the monkey the sanguine , the lamb the phlegmatic and the bear the melancholic . Coats of arms and name inscriptions are reminiscent of the fountain financiers Schultheiss Breescher, bailiff Bellesheim and forester De Marchi. The city coat of arms is on the west side of the fountain.

Old town hall / local history museum

The town hall is located on the grounds of the “Zum Stern” inn, which in 1826 gave way to the classicist building of the old town hall. The city museum is located in the old town hall in the old town; The main attraction is an extensive collection of paintings by the late Impressionist painter Hermann Bahner ; It is open on Saturdays and Sundays and for special exhibitions such as from May 2008 to March 2009 for the show “Looking back” on the anniversary “125 years of city rights”. Not far away is the Scherer site, where the “Zur Sonne” inn stood at that time, where Goethe and Merck met in 1774.

Goethe in the Gasthaus zur Sonne (1774)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote in 1774 to Charlotte Kestner, b. Buff from Wetzlar about his friend Heinrich Merck from Darmstadt: "Here I am sitting in Langen between Franckfurt and Darmstadt, expecting Merken, which I have sent here ...". From the dining room he could see the tramline to the Great Gate, through which Merck had to come after a three-hour walk.

Freetime activities

View of the beach in the Langener Waldsee lido

The city of Langen has a large range of baths. In addition to a leisure and family pool with an adjacent roller sports area, there is the Langen indoor pool, which offers swimming courses and water aerobics as well as warm bathing on two days at midweek. At the Langener Waldsee there is a lido with a 900 meter long sandy beach and nudist area. Several sailing and fishing clubs and a surf club are located there. The Ironman European Championship Triathlon has started there every year since 2002 with around 2000 participants. The city's swimming pool and hall management company has been represented in this competition since 2005 with a small team of recreational athletes, the forest sea sharks.

Many sports are covered by the offers of the Turnverein Langen , 1. FC Langen and the Kraftsportverein Langen. There is also the Langen sports and singing community founded in 1889 .

The most successful sports team in Langen at the moment are the Rhein-Main Baskets as a community of basketball players from TV 1862 Langen and TV Hofheim Huskies. In the 2010/11 season they play in the first women's basketball league for the second year in a row . The men's basketball team of TV 1862 Langen, which played in the 2nd Bundesliga ProB for several years , was relegated to the 1st regional league in the 2015/2016 season. Home games are played in the Georg-Sehring-Halle.

Another well-known sports club in Langen is the 1. FC Langen football club, founded in 1903 .

The KOM, ma youth center , which was inaugurated in 1993, offers sporting and artistic activities for children and young people, for example concerts, workshops and career support.

Regular events

Economy and Infrastructure

The trade association 1877 Langen regularly organizes the IGEVA (information, trade and sales exhibition), which attracts around 100 exhibitors and 40,000 visitors.

Established businesses

Economic center Neurott in Langen (Hesse)

Over 100 companies from the communications, information and high-tech industries are based in Langen, including Oracle (formerly Sun Microsystems) , Borland , Panasonic , Bull Computer , Nikon Precision Europe GmbH , Fujitsu , MISCO Germany, The Bristol Group and THALES , Polygen GmbH. and the media group Vivendi Universal Publishing.

The clinic operator Asklepios maintains an academic teaching hospital of the University Clinic Frankfurt am Main in Langen .

The post office subsidiary DHL built a post center in the city.

Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH has a training center and a district control center at its headquarters in Langen .

Companies by industry As of: January 1, 2019
Total: 2,381
Employees subject to social security contributions by economic sector
As of: June 2018 Total: 14,997


Rail transport

The city is integrated into the network of the Rhein-Main S-Bahn and is served by the S3 and S4 lines. On weekdays there are 15-minute intervals to downtown Frankfurt , which can be reached in around 20 minutes. In addition, the regional trains on the Frankfurt - Mannheim and Frankfurt - Heidelberg connections stop at Langen station .

Bus transport

Urban bus transport is operated by Stadtwerke Langen GmbH with four lines . These are mainly aimed at the train station and the city center located far to the east. One of the lines also serves the southern neighboring town of Egelsbach . Several regional bus routes also connect Langen with the surrounding area.

Road traffic

Langen is also connected to the A 5 (junction Langen / Mörfelden, in the west of the city) and A 661 (junction Langen, in the east) running in north-south direction . Both junctions are connected by the B 486 running in east-west direction , which also forms the Langen northern bypass. This new connection opens up the industrial area in the northwest, in which the federal authorities are located. About 15 kilometers west of the B 486, the driver reaches the Rüsselsheim triangle , where the A 60 in the direction of Mainz branches off from the A 67 (Darmstadt - Mönchhof ).

The former B 3 runs through the city from Frankfurt am Main to Darmstadt.

Air traffic

The Frankfurt-Egelsbach airfield , the busiest airfield for general aviation in Germany, is located in the neighboring municipality of Egelsbach. The Frankfurt airport , Europe's fourth largest airport, about 10 kilometers from Langen.


Three federal authorities are represented in Langen. The Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI), the Federal Institute for Vaccines and Biomedical Medicines, has its headquarters in the city.

Paul Ehrlich Institute Langen

A branch office of the Federal Aviation Office is attached to the headquarters of the German Air Traffic Control (DFS) . The Federal Supervisory Office for Air Traffic Control , a branch of the Center for Air Operations and the Air Traffic Control Academy for the training of air traffic controllers are also represented here . The air traffic control academy building also houses the weather service school, which was previously located in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse .

There is also a branch of the Federal Environment Agency in the city , which emerged from the former Institute for Water, Soil and Air Hygiene (WaBoLu). Plans from 2004 to close them in 2008 have now been revised. It is now planned to move the facility to Berlin in two stages by 2018 .

The district court of Langen is also located in the city. There is also a police station in Langen, which looks after the areas of Langen and Egelsbach as well as parts of Dreieich since the Dreieich police station is no longer occupied. The police helicopters and the newly deployed aircraft are stationed at Egelsbach airfield.


The daily newspaper with the highest circulation is the Langener Zeitung, a local edition of the Offenbach-Post .

In 2010 the book Langen-Handwerk, Handel und Gewerbe by the authors Herbert Bauch, Inge and Horst Helfmann was published by Sutton-Verlag, Erfurt . The book describes the history of the Langen handicrafts and the various trades in the period from around 1880 to 1980. In 2006 the same publisher published the Langener Lokal-Geschichte, a description of the history of the Langener restaurants.

Also in 2010, Jürgen Bremer published a book about the city of Langen in cooperation with the city administration and the initiative for history and culture: Langen - In the heart of Europe . ISBN 978-3-00-033328-6

Since 2014 there has been a new image film for the city of Langen. This can be viewed on the Internet or purchased on DVD.


The Wall School, a building from 1906

In Langen there are five primary schools: the Albert Schweitzer, the Geschwister Scholl, the Ludwig Erk, the Sonnenblumen and the Wallschule. The Dreieichschule (grammar school) with over 1,300 students as well as the Albert Einstein (integrated comprehensive school) and the Adolf Reichwein school (cooperative comprehensive school with grammar school entry classes) are suitable as further educational institutions. There are also two special schools for physically handicapped (Erich Kästner School) and practically educable (Janusz Korczak School) children and young people.

In addition to the Langen Adult Education Center, the DFS Air Traffic Control Academy (technical college) and a music school are located in Langen. The city has a city library with around 45,000 media, which is located in the city hall complex.

natural reserve

NSG Kammereckswiesen and Herchwiesen von Langen

The nature reserve Kammereckswiesen and Herchwiesen von Langen (NSG identification 1438006) is located in the south-western district on the border with the neighboring municipality of Egelsbach and consists of meadow areas that are composed of dry areas of drifting sand in a small space and, due to the sometimes clayey subsoil, also of damp locations. This is why rush meadows, marsh marigold meadows, reeds and woody plants could develop there in addition to rough meadows . The Kammereckswiesen are bounded by the Frankfurt – Darmstadt railway line in the east and Kreisstraße 168 in the west. The Herchwiesen, which were added in the spring of 2009, extend east of the railway line as an elongated strip to Egelsbacher Weg.

The purpose of the protection is to preserve the extensively used grassland, the reed and large sedge stands as a habitat for a large number of endangered animal and plant species. This mosaic is habitat for a number of rare dragonflies and butterfly species, for example the dark blue ant. Botanically, angular leek ( Allium angulosum ), broad-leaved orchid ( Dactylorhiza majalis ) and beautiful carnation ( Dianthus superbus ) are among the specialties. Species such as the lapwing, whinchat, stonechat and gray bunting protruded from the avifauna , but these breeding occurrences no longer exist today.


Honorary citizen

  • Wilhelm Umbach (born December 30, 1900 in Langen (Hesse); † October 22, 1979 ibid) was Mayor of Langen (Hesse) from 1948 to 1966. Was made an honorary citizen of the city on January 7, 1971.
  • Dieter Pitthan (born June 30, 1941 in Klingenberg am Main) was the mayor of Langen (Hesse) from July 1, 1990 to June 30, 2008. He has been a member of the SPD since 1972. On the occasion of his retirement he was made an honorary citizen of the city. Pitthan is also an honorary citizen of Langen's twin cities Tarsus (Turkey) and Romorantin (France).
  • Hans Hoffart, from 1974 to 2011 well host of the Langener Ebbelwoifestes.
  • Johannes Schreiter (born March 8, 1930 in Buchholz), painter, graphic artist and glass artist. From 1963 to 1987 he was professor at the State University of Fine Arts in Frankfurt am Main, from 1971 to 1974 its rector. Today he lives in Langen (Hessen) and has been an honorary citizen of the city since November 2013.

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who live / lived or work / have worked in Langen

  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) visited Langen on various occasions in his youth and celebrated his birthday in 1774 with his friend Heinrich Merck from Darmstadt in the “Zur Sonne” inn.
  • After fleeing to Mannheim, Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805) came on foot to Frankfurt with his friend, the musician Andreas Streicher , tired and ill at the beginning of October 1782 through Langen.

After 1900

After 1945

  • Benjamin Britten (1913–1976), English composer and longtime friend of Margaret Princess of Hesse and the Rhine, spent several weeks at Wolfsgarten Castle, where he composed parts of his opera The Turn of the Screw .
  • Philipp Seibert (1915–1987) was a German trade unionist and politician (SPD) and lived in Langen.
  • Karl Franz Tausch (1922–2008) was a member of the Waffen SS, was charged with the massacre in Bassano del Grappa in 2008 and committed suicide in his place of residence Langen.
  • Harald Küppers (* 1928), color theorist, author, artist. Has lived in Langen since 1964.
  • Johannes Schreiter (* 1930), glass painter, lives in Langen.
  • Heinz Reisz (* 1938) is a neo-Nazi German politician. In the 1970s he succeeded in entering the Langen city parliament.
  • Dunja Rajter (* 1946), pop singer, lives in Langen.
  • Harald Ehrig (* 1949), former German luge athlete and silver medalist at the 1972 Olympic Games in Sapporo , lived and worked in Langen for a long time.
  • Frank-Jürgen Weise (* 1951) is a former local politician in Langen. Until the beginning of 2017 he was chairman of the board of the Federal Employment Agency .
  • Matthias Kurth (* 1952), SPD politician and former President of the Federal Network Agency.
  • Uli Stein (* 1954), soccer player, lived in Langen and was a brief coach at 1. FC Langen in 1994
  • Michael Kühnen (1955–1991), leader of the German neo-Nazi scene in the 1980s
  • Thomas Brehl (1957-2010) was a German neo-Nazi. He worked with Michael Kühnen (1955–1991) in Langen, where he died in December 2010.
  • Anke Sevenich (* 1959), actress, grew up in Langen and went to school there.
  • Nena (* 1960), singer, lived in Langen.
  • Manfred Sapper (* 1962) grew up in Langen and went to school there.
  • Thommi Baake (* 1962), grew up in Langen, went to school there and gained first experience as an actor, musician and comedian.
  • Juan Amador (* 1968) is a top German chef and ran a starred restaurant in Langen for several years.
  • Nadja Benaissa (* 1982), singer, grew up in Langen.


Web links

Commons : Langen  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Langen (Hessen)  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Langen  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

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  2. ^ City of Langen: Buildings in the Housing Area are to be rented
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  4. Jürgen Bremer, in cooperation with the city council of Langen and the Langen Initiative for History and Culture: Langen, in the heart of Europe. Langen 2010, Stadtkirche pp. 20–25
  5. Langener Zeitung (Offenbach Post) of December 13, 2011: 50 years of Oberlinden: Langen's green district celebrates its anniversary
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