Federal Environment Agency (Germany)
Federal Environment Agency
|position||Higher federal authority|
|Supervisory authority||Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety|
|Headquarters||Dessau-Roßlau , Saxony-Anhalt|
|Authority management||Dirk Messner|
The German Federal Environment Agency ( UBA ) is the central environmental authority of the Federal Republic of Germany . Together with the Federal Office for Nature Conservation , the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management and the Federal Office for Radiation Protection, it belongs to the portfolio of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety . The main tasks of the office are "the scientific support of the federal government (including the Federal Ministries for the Environment, Health , Education and Research , Transport and Digital Infrastructure ), the enforcement of environmental laws (e.g. emissions trading , approval of chemicals, pharmaceuticals and pesticides ) and informing the public about environmental protection ”on the basis of independent research. With around 1,600 employees, the German Federal Environment Agency is the largest environmental agency in Europe.
In autumn 1969, Willy Brandt became the Federal Republic's first SPD Chancellor; he formed a social-liberal coalition ( Cabinet Brandt I and 1972 Cabinet Brandt II ). Brandt had already called for “ blue skies over the Ruhr area ” when he was first running for chancellor (for the 1961 federal election ) .
As early as the early 1970s, the FDP politician and then Interior Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher called for the creation of an environmental agency, analogous to the existing agencies in the USA and Sweden . In 1973 the Federal Office for Environmental Affairs was created against the resistance of the Ministry of Health and Science, who feared a loss of competence in the field of environmental protection of the interior converted as an independent higher federal authority based in Berlin. The decision of the German Bundestag of June 19, 1974, which had set West Berlin as the seat of the office, led to official protests by the GDR Foreign Ministry the following day .
Relocation of the office
Presidents of the Federal Environment Agency were the lawyer Heinrich von Lersner from 1974 to 1995, the economist Andreas Troge from 1995 to 2009 and the economist and long-time President of the Nature Conservation Union Germany (NABU) Jochen Flasbarth from 2009 to December 2013. In May 2014, Maria Krautzberger appointed a president for the first time. On January 1, 2020, Professor Dirk Messner took up the post of President of the Federal Environment Agency.
The authority has around 1,600 employees and facilities in Dessau-Roßlau, Berlin, Bad Elster and Langen . In addition, the UBA operates seven of its own measuring stations distributed throughout Germany for measuring the background concentrations of air constituents: ( Westerland , Zingst , Waldhof (Lüneburg Heath) , Neuglobsow , Schmücke , Schauinsland , Zugspitze ).
The UBA is divided into the following units:
- Central area (administrative control and service)
- Department I (environmental planning and sustainability strategies)
- Department II (health environmental protection, protection of ecosystems)
- Department III (Sustainable Production and Products, Circular Economy)
- Department IV (Chemical Safety)
- Department V (Climate Protection, Energy, German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt))
- Presidential area
The UBA has an environmental management system (UMS) based on the requirements of the Eco Management and Audit Scheme at its headquarters in Dessau and at its branch offices in Berlin ( Grunewald or City Campus until 2025/26 and Marienfelde ), Langen and Bad Elster .
According to the Basic Law, responsibilities are divided between the federal and state governments . In some areas, environmental protection is a federal matter and in other areas it only has the authority of the framework legislation for the states. Therefore, some environmental protection tasks are performed by the state offices responsible for the environment in the federal states, other tasks by the Federal Environment Agency.
The Federalism Reform I has partly led to a new distribution of legislative competences between the Federation and the Länder in the environmental sector. The main changes are:
- Elimination of the necessity clause in the areas of waste management , air pollution control and noise abatement and thus simplified federal legislation
- Nuclear law : now exclusive legislative competence of the federal government
- Hunting , nature conservation and landscape management , spatial planning , water balance : Abolition of the federal framework competence, now competing legislative competence, but certain rights of derogation of the states
- Environmentally relevant procedural law: Federal competence with the consent of the Bundesrat ; if there is no approval, the countries can deviate.
The federal government now has the competence to issue direct and effective regulations in many areas of environmental law and thus to implement European law promptly and uniformly, for example; the federal states have the right to deviate in certain areas and, in some cases, room to maneuver. The Federal Environment Agency is responsible for enforcing the regulations. This includes the summary of the reports from the federal states required by EU directives and forwarding them to the responsible European authorities, such as the European Environment Agency .
In addition to internal research, including in its own laboratories, the Federal Environment Agency also awards research contracts to scientific facilities and institutes.
To support its work, the Federal Environment Agency makes use of various scientific committees in which external experts are represented and give the Federal Environment Agency technical advice. The commissions include:
- Commission Evaluation of Substances Hazardous to Water (KBWS)
- Soil Protection Commission
- Human Biomonitoring Commission
- Indoor Air Hygiene Commission (IRK)
- Agriculture Commission at the Federal Environment Agency (KLU)
- Swimming and Bathing Basin Water Commission (BWK)
- Drinking water commission
The still exists
- Advisory Board Soil Investigations
- Website of the Federal Environment Agency
- Literature research in the UBA library (including journal articles)
- Literature from and about the Federal Environment Agency in the catalog of the German National Library
- Umweltbundesamt (Ed.): 40 years of the Umweltbundesamt. 1974–2014, Dessau-Roßlau 2014
- The UBA - who we are .
- Markus Balser, Klaus Ott: Secret data - Exhaust gas manipulation has long been suspected . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , April 21, 2016, p. 19: "The Federal Environment Agency with 1500 employees is considered the largest and most powerful environmental authority in Europe."
- Petra Pinzler, Martin Spiewak: Maria Krautzberger: "The others have caught up" . In: The time . November 1, 2017, ISSN 0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed June 26, 2019]).
- Look here . In: Der Spiegel . No. 14 , 1972, p. 29 ( online ).
- Link to the law
- Chronicle 1974 . German Historical Museum ; Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- Publication of the UBA of July 31, 2019
-  of the UBA; accessed on June 3, 2019.
- Systemadmin_Environment: locations and buildings. March 7, 2013, accessed July 10, 2020 .
- Information page of the Federal Ministry of Health, whose specialist commission is this body based at the Federal Environment Agency