Bassano del Grappa
|Bassano del Grappa|
|Residents||43,477 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||945 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||San Bassiano|
Bassano del Grappa ( Venetian : Basan / baˈsaŋ / or Bassan / Bassàn (Italianized), German outdated: Baßan , Passaun , Waßan or Waßen , Cimbrian : Bassan ) is an Italian city in the province of Vicenza in the Veneto region with 43,477 inhabitants (stand : December 31, 2019).
Location and history
Bassano lies on the Brenta at an altitude of , directly on the southern edge of the Alps at the entrance to the Suganertal . The city extends over an area of 46 km². Archaeological finds prove a settlement from the 2nd century . A castle and a parish church are mentioned in sources in 998 . From 1175 the city belonged to Vicenza , later to Padua , until it came under Venetian rule in 1404 .
When the Reformation reached Italy and spread around 1540, Asolo , Bassano del Grappa and Cittadella had become centers of the Evangelicals in the somewhat more tolerant Republic of Venice . The new evangelical faith was shared and passed on rather subversively in the market, in workshops and in private homes. During the Council of Trent (1545–1563), at the time of the Counter Reformation , the Evangelicals were tracked down, fought against and eliminated , primarily by the Inquisition . In these three cities, eight evangelical notaries, among others, were charged with heresy and convicted.
In September 1943 a Wehrmacht command led by the Waffen SS officer Herbert Andorfer committed serious crimes in and around Bassano del Grappa while attempting to put down resistance against the German occupation. In the village itself, on September 26, 1944, the commando had 31 youths and young men with a box with the inscription "Bandit" on the chest hung up by members of the Italian Fascist Youth Association on telephone cables from the trees on three streets. They would, was the cynical comment, “save the honor of Italy”. Victims who were still breathing after the strangulation had to be pulled down by the juvenile executioners.
The numerous grappa distilleries are interesting for tourists. However, the city's name does not come from the pomace brandy. Bassano (Italian for “low”, meaning “at the foot of the ...”) del Grappa comes from the neighboring mountain Monte Grappa , which was the scene of heavy fighting during the First World War . Today the mountain is one of the most popular European starting points for hang gliders and paragliders. The ceramic industry is also of economic importance for the city. Well-known companies in the area are the tripod manufacturer Manfrotto and the writing instrument manufacturer Montegrappa .
Particularly noteworthy is the wooden bridge Ponte degli Alpini over the Brenta, which was built in the 13th century and was renewed several times according to a design by Andrea Palladio . In addition, the Gothic Church of San Francesco , the Church of San Giovanni Battista with a neo-Palladian facade (end of the 18th century), the Villa Bianchi-Michiel in the district of Angarano and other villas in the area are worth seeing. The Villa Angarano designed by Palladio has been recognized by UNESCO as an outstanding cultural asset.
Famous citizens of the city
- Francesco Negri (1500–1563), Benedictine monk, humanist, teacher, writer and reformer in Chiavenna and Poland
- Jacopo Bassano (1515–1592), painter
- Francesco Bassano the Younger (1549–1592), painter
- Blessed Johanna Maria Bonomo (1606–1670), abbess and mystic
- Iacopo Vittorelli (1749-1835), Venetian civil servant and writer
- Bartolomeo Gamba (1766–1841), librarian and biographer
- Blessed Gaetana Sterni (1827–1889), religious sister
- Gina Fasoli (1905–1992), historian
- Tito Gobbi (1913-1984), baritone
- Gian Luigi Polidoro (1928–2000), film director
- Luigi Agnolin (1943–2018), football referee
- Pierantonio Pavanello (* 1955), Catholic Bishop of Adria-Rovigo
- Miki Biasion (* 1958), rally driver
- Giancarlo Andretta (* 1962), conductor and composer
- Fabio Baggio (* 1965), Catholic priest
- Federico Marchetti (* 1983), football player
- Matteo Rubin (* 1987), soccer player
- Andrea Pasqualon (* 1988), cyclist
- Francesca Michielin (* 1995), singer and participant in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016
- Giulio Bizzotto (* 1996), football player
- Sofia Bertizzolo (* 1997), racing cyclist
- Mühlacker (Baden-Württemberg, since 1978)
- Voiron (France, since 1985)
- Herford (North Rhine-Westphalia)
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Grafis Edizioni (1988). ASV - Raccolta Terkuz 55 [map], Scale not given, Bassano del Grappa - Atlante storico delle città italiane - Veneto. P. 72.
- Silvana Seidel Menchi: Heretics in Italy in the 16th century . In: Uwe Israel, Michael Matheus (ed.): Protestants between Venice and Rome in the early modern period (= study series of the German study center in Venice ). Walter de Gruyter, 2013, ISBN 978-3-05-006326-3 , p. 25–46 ( limited preview in Google Book Search).
- Aldo Cazzullo : Viva l'Italia! Risorgiomento et Resistenza , Milan 2010, p. 89; Sebastian Weißgerber, Wehrmacht Crimes. Under suspicion, in: Frankfurter Rundschau, September 25, 2008, see also:  .