|Residents||9,101 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||364 inhabitants / km²|
Asolo is an Italian commune with 9,101 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Treviso in the Veneto region and is a member of the association I borghi più belli d'Italia (The Most Beautiful Places in Italy).
The hills of Asolo were already in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. Settled by the Venetians. Ruins of thermal baths and a theater still bear witness to the Roman city of Acelum . Various signories ruled in Asolo until it came under Venetian rule.
In 1489 the young noblewoman Caterina Cornaro was married to the King of Cyprus in order to secure the supremacy of Venice in the Mediterranean. After his murder she was forced to cede the crown. In return, she received Asolo as a domain and resided there with her court in the Castello della Regina until 1509. Her festivities with plays and tournaments were famous.
When the Reformation reached Italy and spread around 1540, Asolo, Bassano del Grappa and Cittadella had become centers of the Evangelicals in the somewhat more tolerant Republic of Venice . The new evangelical faith was shared and passed on rather subversively in the market, in workshops and in private homes. During the Council of Trent (1545–1563), at the time of the Counter Reformation , the Evangelicals were tracked down, fought against and eliminated , primarily by the Inquisition . In these three cities, eight evangelical notaries, among others, were charged with heresy and convicted.
Asolo and its surroundings are known for their viticulture . The place is in the classic Prosecco area. A special Prosecco is produced here - the Asolo Prosecco , which has been awarded a DOCG label for a controlled and guaranteed designation of origin .
- Santa Maria Assunta: The cathedral 'Santa Maria Assunta' was an episcopal church until 969 and was given its present shape in 1747 by Giorgio Massari . The facade was not built until 1889. Inside you can see a painting by Lorenzo Lotto depicting the Assumption of Mary . There is also a copy of a painting by Titian on the same subject.
The 17th century Villa Scotti-Pasini with its hanging gardens was the home of Robert Browning . He valued the view as one of the most beautiful panoramas he had ever seen.
sons and daughters of the town
- Matteo Grassotto (* 1980), Italian racing driver
People with a relationship to the city
- Caterina Cornaro (1454–1510), Queen of Cyprus, lived in Asolo after her abdication as Queen in 1489 until her death
- Pietro Bembo (1470–1547), humanist scholar and cardinal wrote a dialogue on love - Gli Asolani (Asolan Conversations) , which is located at the court of Caterina Cornaro in Asolo
- Robert Browning (1812–1889), English poet and playwright, stayed in Italy again and again from 1878 on, living in the Villa Scotti-Pasini in Asolo
- Wilhelmine Neruda (1839–1911), Moravian violinist, lived in Asolo in the Palazzo Beltramini, now the parish hall, from 1895 to 1898, the year of the death of her son Ludwig Norman-Neruda
- Eleonora Duse (1858–1924), who lived in Asolo, was buried in the Asolo cemetery
- Gian Francesco Malipiero (1882–1973), Italian composer and musicologist, lived in the city from 1910 until his death, to which he set a musical monument in 1916 with his piano cycle Poemi asolani
- Freya Madeline Stark (1893–1993), English explorer and travel writer, spent the last years of her hundred-year life in Asolo, where she died and is buried
In the Castello, which was largely demolished by the Asolans in 1820, there was a large wooden theater from 1698. Eleonora Duse, among others, played here. The interior was bought by John Ringling in 1949 and shipped to Sarasota , Florida . There it was rebuilt true to the original in the Ringling Museum and is used by a theater company from Florida State University .
Asolo was the destination of the 205 km long 14th stage of the Giro d'Italia in 2010 and was therefore represented in the stage plan for the first time at this cycling event.
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- I borghi più belli d'Italia. Borghipiubelliditalia.it, accessed August 4, 2017 (Italian).
- Silvana Seidel Menchi: Heretics in Italy in the 16th century . In: Uwe Israel, Michael Matheus (ed.): Protestants between Venice and Rome in the early modern period (= study series of the German study center in Venice ). Walter de Gruyter, 2013, ISBN 978-3-05-006326-3 , p. 25–46 ( limited preview in Google Book Search).
- http://www.gazzetta.it/Speciali/Giroditalia/2010/de/tappe.shtml (link to 14th stage)