Wilhelmine Neruda

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Wilhelmine Maria Franziska "Wilma" Neruda (born March 29, 1839 in Brno , Austria-Hungary , † April 15, 1911 in Berlin ) was an important Moravian violinist .

Neruda siblings: Wilhelmine; Victor; Amalie. Lithograph by August Prinzhofer , 1850
Portrait of George Frederick Watts (1817-1904)


Wilma Neruda was the daughter of the Brno cathedral organist Josef Neruda (born January 16, 1807 in Mohelno , Trebitsch district, † February 18, 1875 in Brno). She and her siblings received music lessons from their father. After the family moved to Vienna , they studied with Leopold Jansa . Already at the age of six she performed successfully in public in 1845, playing a sonata by Johann Sebastian Bach . Later she went on long concert tours through European cities with her sister Maria (born 1844), a pianist, and her brother Franz Xaver Neruda (1843–1915), a cellist. She was often accompanied on the piano by her sister Maria , a pianist and piano teacher who later became known under her married name Wickenhauser. Since 1864 she was married to the royal Swedish court conductor Ludvig Norman . The wedding took place in their home town of Brno. From this marriage the son, Ludwig Norman-Neruda (1864–1898), a later known alpinist, emerged. From 1870 onwards she lived mostly in London, where she was held in high esteem together with the London pianist Sir Charles Hallé both as a solo and as a quartet player and enjoyed worldwide success. Her special patrons included the kings of England, Denmark and Sweden. After Ludvig Norman's death in 1885, she married Sir Charles Hallé in 1888. She was considered the most famous violinist of her time. After 1900 she worked as a violin teacher at the Berlin Conservatory. After Hallé's death, she moved with her son to Asolo in northern Italy, where she lived until his death in 1898. Wilma Neruda died in Berlin in 1911.


  • In 1862 she was appointed court violinist by the Swedish royal family.
  • In 1901 she was awarded the title of Queen's Violinist by Queen Alexandra of Denmark .
  • In 1991 the Venus crater Halle was named after her.

World premieres

  • Violin Concerto op.11 by August Winding on March 2, 1867 in Copenhagen, with the Orchestra of the Musicians Foreningen


Web links

Commons : Wilma Neruda  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files