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Mohelno coat of arms
Mohelno (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Kraj Vysočina
District : Třebíč
Area : 1754 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 7 '  N , 16 ° 11'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 6 '51 "  N , 16 ° 11' 25"  E
Height: 345  m nm
Residents : 1,339 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 675 75
License plate : J
Street: Kralice nad Oslavou - Dukovany
Status: Městys
Districts: 1
Mayor : Jiří Šanda (as of 2020)
Address: Mohelno 84
675 75 Mohelno
Municipality number: 591173
Website :
View of Mohelno
Wayside shrine on a burial mound near Mohelno

Mohelno is a minority town in the Czech Republic . It is located 11 kilometers northwest of the town of Moravský Krumlov in south Moravia . The place belongs to the Okres Třebíč in Kraj Vysočina .


Mohelno is located on the left side above the deeply cut valley of the Jihlava on a plateau of the Jevišovická pahorkatina , a subsystem of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands . The Mohelnička brook flows through the village, and the Štenkrava on the northern outskirts. Mohelno is on the state road II / 392 between Kralice nad Oslavou and Dukovany . To the southwest of the town, the Jihlava is dammed up to form the Mohelno dam, which is used, among other things, to supply the nearby Dukovany nuclear power plant . In the west rises the Zelený Kopec (491 m nm)

Neighboring towns are Kladeruby nad Oslavou and Kuroslepy in the north, Ketkovice in the northeast, Senorady and Lhánice in the east, Jamolice in the southeast, Dukovany in the south, Rouchovany in the southwest, Slavětice and Hrotovice in the west and Kramolín and Popůvky in the northwest.


Several preserved Iron Age barrows in the local area testify to prehistoric settlement. In the 12th century there was probably a fortress here; the first written mention of the parish of Mohiln dates back to 1234. In the years 1237–1349 Mohelno was a royal estate and the seat of a burgrave. In 1368 it passed into noble ownership. In 1417 King Sigismund granted the town the right to coat of arms; At that time the landlord was Peter von Mohelno. During the Hussite Wars , the place was sacked and the fortress destroyed. To this day, extensive cellars have been preserved under many of the houses, which were used as hiding places. They presumably come from this time. In 1512 the town was devastated by fire. 1527 Mohelno was added to the rule Náměšť nad Oslavou . 1535 freed Wenceslaus the Elder Ä. from Lomnitz the town of Mohelno and the villages Kramolin , Kradrub , Popuwka and Lhanitz from the seizure liability . Joseph Philipp Graf von Werdenberg granted the town a free wine bar in 1631 with the obligation to dispense 20 buckets for the rulers. In 1752 the Counts Haugwitz acquired the county of Namiescht . On June 28, 1835, a large fire destroyed the rectory, the church and large parts of the market. Mohelno had privileges for two annual markets and one weekly market .

In 1842, the Mohelno market in the Znojmo district consisted of 147 houses in which 846 people lived. The parish, the All Saints Church and the school were under lordly patronage. In the village there was also a stately summer residence, a large farmyard with an apartment for the manager, a brandy house, a town hall and two inns. The paper mill and the grinder on the Iglawa were aside . Mohelno was the pastor for Lhanitz, Kraderub , Kramolin and Senohrad . Mohelno remained subordinate to the Fideikommissgrafschaft Namiescht until the middle of the 19th century .

After the abolition of patrimonial Mohelno formed from 1849 with the district Lhánice a market town in the judicial district of Namiest . From 1869 the market belonged to the Trebitsch district. In 1888 Kuroslepy became independent. In 1890 Lhánice broke up and formed its own community. In the 1921 census, there were 1,403 people living in the 238 houses of the Minor town, including 1,396 Czechs. Between 1948 and 1960 the community was assigned to the Okres Velká Bíteš and came back to the Okres Třebíč after its dissolution. Between 1980 and 1992 Lhánice was incorporated again. On April 12, 2007 the place was given the status of a městys again.

Community structure

No districts are shown for Městys Mohelno. The Mohelenský Mlýn and Papírna layers belong to Mohelno.


  • South of the village on the slopes of the Jihlava is the Mohelenská Hadcová Step National Nature Reserve , a rocky steppe on serpentinite underground.
  • The Mohelno dam dams the Jihlava southwest of the village.
  • The All Saints Church in its current form dates from the 15th century.
  • Renaissance town hall from 1546
  • Baroque rectory from 1775
  • Statue of John Nepomuk from the 18th century
  • Empire style school building from 1836
  • Monument in memory of the partisan group " Josef Hybeš "
  • Iron Age burial mounds; there is a wayside shrine on the highest hill.

Web links

Commons : Mohelno  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Obec Mohelno: podrobné informace ,
  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  3. L. Hošák, R. Šrámek, Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, Academia, Praha 1970, II, Academia, Praha 1980th
  4. ^ Gregor Wolny : The Margraviate of Moravia, presented topographically, statistically and historically . Volume III: Znaimer Kreis, Brünn 1837, pp. 442–443
  5. Chytilův místopis ČSR, 2nd updated edition, 1929, p. 812 Mohelnice Předměstí - Mokrance