Calendar overview 1404
|University of Turin is founded.|
|1404 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||852/853 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||2nd pipes - Ome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st rabbit - Ce Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1947/48 (southern Buddhism); 1946/47 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||766/767 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||806/807 (turn of the year 9/10 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5164/65 (September 5-6)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1714/15 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1715/16 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1460/61 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April: After the defeat in the Battle of Vögelinsegg , the Lake Constance cities make peace with the Appenzell people . Duke Friedrich IV of Habsburg then offers his support to Prince Abbot Kuno von Stoffeln of St. Gallen , whose alliance broke up during the Appenzell War with the conclusion of peace.
- Early July: King Sigismund of Hungary falls with the two Austrian dukes Albrecht and Ernst in Moravia , but due to the broken in the army dysentery epidemic , those who victimize Albrecht counts of campaign against will Prokop of Moravia in August / September ended prematurely.
- August 4th : In the battle of the Hamme a Holstein knight army under Gerhard VI is defeated. the free Dithmarsch farmers.
- August / September: Successor of the Habsburg Albrecht IV of Austria, who presumably died in the camp in the Ruhr region, is his seven-year-old son Albrecht V , temporarily under the reign of his great-uncle Wilhelm .
- December 16 : The Wittelsbach Duke Albrecht I of Bavaria-Straubing , who was also Count of Holland , Zeeland and Hainaut and Lord of Friesland , dies after a 43-year reign. He strengthened the duchy , which was only newly formed in 1353 , economically and domestically, and brought it to European size through his marriage policy. His eldest son Wilhelm II becomes his successor.
- The Mainzer Archbishop and Elector Johann of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein , previously staunch partisan of the Roman-German king Rupert of the Rhine , pursuant to any territorial disputes between the Palatinate and Kurmainz to its bitter opponents.
Other events in Europe
- April 27th : After the death of Philip the Bold , his son John Fearless becomes Duke of Burgundy . Like his father, he was involved in exercising the reign for the deranged French King Charles VI. Here he quickly comes into conflict with his cousin Duke Louis de Valois, duc d'Orléans , the king's younger brother, and his partisans .
- Owain Glyndŵr , the last Welsh Prince of Wales to lead a rebellion against the Kingdom of England since 1400 , rules almost all of Wales .
- The Teutonic Order conquers Samaiten : Largest expansion of the order state .
Spanish colonial empire
- The Canary Island Fuerteventura is conquered by Jean de Béthencourt on behalf of Castilian from Lanzarote .
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- The University of Turin is founded.
- The stone Roland is erected on the market square in Bremen .
- The Goldene Rössl , a 62 cm high altar with a structure made of gilded silver and golden figures covered with enamel, is being given as a New Year's present for her husband, King Charles VI , on behalf of the French Queen Isabeau de Baviére , a Wittelsbach woman . prepared. Shortly after its creation, it came into the possession of Isabeau's brother, Duke Ludwig the Bearded of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, as a pledge for an annual pension due .
- The Thuringian Rostbratwurst is first mentioned in a document.
- October 17th : After a one-week conclave, Cosma dei Migliorati succeeds Boniface IX , who died on October 1st . elected Pope under the name of Innocent VII . During his pontificate he was with the Western Schism and the antipope Benedict XIII. faced. When revolts break out in Rome shortly afterwards, the Roman nobility calls for help from Ladislaus of Naples, who marched into the city on October 19 .
- Margrave Wilhelm I of Meissen founds an Augustinian monastery in Altendresden . In contrast to the Franciscan monastery in Dresden , it is wealthy. Wilhelm equips it with possessions, including the village of Weißig .
- In Samarkand , the capital of the Mongol ruler Timur , the Bibi-Chanum Mosque is completed. It is considered one of the largest and most beautiful of the Middle Ages.
- November 19 : In a severe storm surge , the so-called First Elisabethenflut on the North Sea , around 3,000 hectares of land are washed away. The regions of Flanders , Zeeland and Holland are particularly affected . The cities of IJzendijke and Hugevliet are sinking in the floods. Thousands die.
Date of birth saved
- February 9 : Constantine XI. Palaiologos , last Byzantine emperor († 1453 )
- February 14 : Leon Battista Alberti , Italian builder and humanist († 1472 )
- July 25 : Philip , Duke of Brabant and Limburg († 1430 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ubaidullah Ahrar , Sheikh of the Naqschbandi Order († 1490 )
- Thomas Bourchier , Archbishop of Canterbury († 1486 )
- John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset , Commander in Chief of the English Armed Forces in France († 1444 )
- Chimalpopoca , Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlán († 1427 )
- Johann III. von Eych , 50th Bishop and Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt, ecclesiastical and humanist reformer († 1464 )
- Hynek Ptáček z Pirkštejna , Bohemian nobleman and representative of the Hussites († 1444 )
Born around 1404
- Jacques Daret , Flemish painter († around 1468 )
- Gilbert Debenham , English knight († 1481 )
- William Lucy , English knight († 1460 )
Date of death secured
- April 27 : Philip II , Duke of Burgundy (* 1342 )
- August 4th : Gerhard VI. , Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (* around 1367 )
- September 27 : William von Wykeham , English politician and Bishop of Winchester (* 1324 )
- September 28th : John II , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne
- October 1st : Pietro Tomacelli, under the name Boniface IX. Pope (* 1350 )
- November 12th : Marie of Châtillon-Blois , Duchess of Anjou (* 1343 or 1345 )
- December 16 : Albrecht I , Duke of Bavaria and Count of Holland (* 1336 )
Exact date of death unknown
Died around 1404
- Rutger von Bruggenei , Bishop of Courland and priest of the Teutonic Order (* 14th century)