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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Emperor Yongle
Yongle becomes third emperor of
the Ming Dynasty in China .
The old university in Würzburg
The University of Würzburg is founded.
Stanisław Chlebowski: Sultan Bajazyt of Timur imprisoned (1878)
The Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I suffers
a crushing defeat against the Mongols
under Timur in the battle of Ankara .
1402 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 850/851 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1394/95
Aztec calendar 13th house - Matlactli omey Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1945/46 (southern Buddhism); 1944/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 764/765 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 780/781
Islamic calendar 804/805 (turn of the year July 31st / August 1st)
Jewish calendar 5162/63 (August 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1118/19
Malayalam calendar 577/578
Seleucid era Babylon: 1712/13 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1713/14 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1440
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1458/59 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Empire of China

Ming-era city gate in Nanjing
  • July 13 : After defectors opened the gates of Nanjing to the rebellious army of Zhū Di, a fire broke out in the imperial palace, killing Emperor Jianwen and his wife. Years later, rumors persist that the emperor, who may have started the fire himself, escaped disguised as a monk.
  • July 17 : Jianwens uncle Zhū Dì is after a bloody war of succession emperor of China and under the Äranamen Yǒnglè the third ruler of the Ming Dynasty .
  • The Jianwen reign is deleted from the historical records, the missing time simply added to the Hongwu era. First, the new emperor begins a large-scale cleanup. He has all of his nephew's advisors executed along with their families. Large parts of the official staff are also eliminated. The remaining two sons of Jianwen and his three brothers are all executed as potential rivals. Around 20,000 people fell victim to the purges in the capital. After that, Yongle gradually disempowered his male relatives and deprived them of control over their troops as well as financial resources in order to avoid another civil war. Despite the bloody beginning, the reign of Emperor Yongle goes down in Chinese history as a heyday of the empire .

middle East

Timur Monument in Tashkent
  • The siege of Constantinople by the Ottomans, which has been going on since 1394 , is lifted.

Holy Roman Empire

Dominions at the time of Gian Galeazzo Visconti's death (light green)

Other events in Europe

Canary Islands

City rights and first documentary mentions


science and technology

The kangnido card
  • around 1402: The Kangnido map, a world map from Korea , is created.




Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Gian Galeazzo Visconti

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1402  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files