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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pope Clement VI  (Fresco from the 14th century)
Pierre Roger de Beaufort becomes Pope Clement VI. and bans Emperor Ludwig IV .
High water mark at the Packhof in Hann.  Münden, the highest mark is the level of the Magdalen flood
The worst flood disaster to date occurs in Central Europe, the Magdalene flood .
1342 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 790/791 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1334/35
Aztec calendar 5th house - Macuilli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 1885/86 (southern Buddhism); 1884/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 704/705 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 720/721
Islamic calendar 742/743 (turn of the year June 5th / 6th)
Jewish calendar 5102/03 (September 1st / 2nd)
Coptic calendar 1058/59
Malayalam calendar 517/518
Seleucid era Babylon: 1652/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1653/54 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1380
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1398/99


Politics and world events

Byzantine Empire

Holy Roman Empire

Election of the Pope in Avignon

Hundred Years War

The Siege of Hennebont ( Grandes Chroniques de France ,
15th century)

First documentary mentions


  • around 1342: The Franciscan Wilhelm von Ockham publishes his main work, the Dialogus super dignitate papali et regia , in which he evaluates the papacy and hierarchy as human, non-divine institutions and even denies the church of "full spiritual power".


  • July: Heavy rainfall in large parts of Central Europe leads to the worst flood disaster known to date, the Magdalene flood . Numerous rivers have reached their highest water levels ever measured. During the storm in Central Europe, numerous erosion gorges, so-called runnels , are said to have been torn down, which can still be found in the forests of the low mountain ranges today.
  • July 22nd : In Frankfurt the water of the Main reaches the highest level ever reached. Among other things, the Main Bridge is destroyed.


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1342

  • 1328 /1342/ 43 : Pedro Martínez de Luna y Gotor, under the name of Benedict XIII. Antipope during the Western Schism († 1423 )


Date of death secured

Grave of Benedict XII. in the Cathédrale de Notre-Dame-des-Doms, Avignon
Charles I Robert of Hungary
Bartolomeo Gradenigo tomb in the atrium of San Marco

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1342

Web links

Commons : 1342  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files