Calendar overview 1342
|Clement VI. and bans Emperor Ludwig IV .||Magdalene flood .|
|1342 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||790/791 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th house - Macuilli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1885/86 (southern Buddhism); 1884/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||704/705 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||742/743 (turn of the year June 5th / 6th)|
|Jewish calendar||5102/03 (September 1st / 2nd)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1652/53 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1653/54 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1398/99|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 28 : In the Tyrolean freedom letter of the future groom confirms Ludwig of Wittelsbach the Tyrolean rights and freedoms.
- February 10th : Ludwig von Wittelsbach marries Countess Margarete von Tirol in Merano in the presence of his father Emperor Ludwig IV. She has not yet divorced her Luxembourgish husband, Johann Heinrich , whom she expelled the previous year. Pope Benedict XII. and his successor Clemens VI. however, do not recognize the invalidity of the first marriage. Since the bride and groom are also related to each other in the third degree, he banishes the two and pronounces the interdict over Tyrol. Nevertheless, Ludwig was able to assert himself as ruler in Tyrol against the resistance of the nobility and clergy.
Election of the Pope in Avignon
- April 25th : Pope Benedict XII dies while the new Papal Palace is being built . in Avignon . The Conclave of 1342 meets for the first time on May 5th .
- May 7th : After only two days of conclave , Pierre Roger de Beaufort is unanimously elected Pope. The fourth Avignon Pope takes the name Clement VI. on. Like his two predecessors, he recognized Ludwig IV, the Bavarian, neither as king nor emperor and banned him from church .
Hundred Years War
- Johanna von Flanders , whose husband Jean de Montfort is in captivity, successfully leads the defense of the city of Hennebont against the troops of Charles de Blois .
- July: After Charles Blois, the French- backed Duke of Brittany , conquers most of his duchy, he begins the siege of Brest . The city is one of the last strongholds of Jean de Montfort , his opponent in the War of the Breton Succession , which is supported by England . During the siege, access to the city from the sea was blocked by a Genoese fleet under Carlo Grimaldi , Lord of Monaco.
- August 18 : The victory of the English in the battle of Brest over the Genoese mercenary galleys in the service of the Franco-Breton party of the House of Blois , ends the French naval domination off Brittany. Charles Blois then immediately called off the siege. His Genoese and Castilian mercenaries refuse service a little later and return to their home countries.
- A few days later, Robert III lands . von Artois , brother-in-law of the French king, with 800 men in Brittany, and King Philip VI. orders part of the French troops from Brittany to Calais , where he suspects the imminent arrival of an English invading army in the Hundred Years War . The situation in Brittany has thus turned in favor of the House of Montfort .
- September 30th : The Battle of Morlaix between England and France ends in a draw. The House of Blois was able to prevent the British from conquering Morlaix, at great loss .
First documentary mentions
- The Prague Charterhouse is founded.
- Konrad von Megenberg becomes head of the Stephansschule in Vienna , from which the university will later emerge.
- around 1342: The Franciscan Wilhelm von Ockham publishes his main work, the Dialogus super dignitate papali et regia , in which he evaluates the papacy and hierarchy as human, non-divine institutions and even denies the church of "full spiritual power".
- July: Heavy rainfall in large parts of Central Europe leads to the worst flood disaster known to date, the Magdalene flood . Numerous rivers have reached their highest water levels ever measured. During the storm in Central Europe, numerous erosion gorges, so-called runnels , are said to have been torn down, which can still be found in the forests of the low mountain ranges today.
- July 22nd : In Frankfurt the water of the Main reaches the highest level ever reached. Among other things, the Main Bridge is destroyed.
Date of birth saved
- January 17 : Philip the Bold , Duke of Burgundy († 1404 )
- March 25 : Humphrey de Bohun , English nobleman († 1373 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Clement VII antipope in Avignon († 1394 )
- William Courtenay , Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor († 1396 )
- Catherine of Luxembourg , Duchess of Austria and Margravine of Brandenburg († 1395 )
- Leon VI , last king of Lesser Armenia († 1393 )
Born around 1342
- Jean de Brogny , Bishop of Geneva and Viviers, Archbishop of Arles and Cardinal Bishop of Ostia († 1426 )
- Juliana von Norwich , English mystic († after 1413)
- Johannes von Thienen , knight, lord of Tollschlag and Wippendorf († 1397 )
- Uskhal Khan , Great Khan of the Mongols († 1388 )
- 1328 /1342/ 43 : Pedro Martínez de Luna y Gotor, under the name of Benedict XIII. Antipope during the Western Schism († 1423 )
Date of death secured
- January 22nd : Heinrich IV. , Duke of Glogau and Sagan (* 1292 )
- January 23 : Johann I , Count of Saarbrücken (* around 1260 )
- March 23 : Napoleone Orsini , Cardinal of the Catholic Church (* 1263 )
- March 28th : Pierre de Faucigny , Bishop of Geneva
- April 25 : Benedict XII. , Pope (* around 1285 )
- May 19 : Albert II of Saxony-Wittenberg , Prince-Bishop of the Diocese of Passau (* around 1285 )
- July 16 : Charles I Robert , King of Hungary (* 1288 )
- July 26th : Withego II von Colditz , Bishop of Meissen
- July 27th : Heinrich von Leis , Bishop of Lavant
- November 22nd : Konrad III. , Abbot of Münsterschwarzach
- November 29th : Michael von Cesena , Master of the Order of the Franciscans and theologian (* 1270 )
- December 1 : Bertrand de Montfavez , French cardinal of the Catholic Church (* around 1270 )
- December 27th : Hrelja , Serbian military leader and magnate
Exact date of death unknown
- April: Margaret de Clare , English noblewoman (* 1292 )
- August: Guido I , Count of Blois and Dunois
- August: Peter II , King of Sicily (* 1305 )
- Adelheid , Countess of Dohna
- Anna Anachutlu Komnene , Empress of Trebizond
- Arnold von Protzan , German pastor
- Bernat de Puigcercós , Inquisitor of the Crown of Aragon
- Berthold V. von Neuffen , Count of Marstetten and Graisbach (* around 1290 )
- al-Dschildaki , Persian alchemist
- Eberhard von Alen , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Petrus de Palude , theologian and bishop (* around 1280 )
- Robert III , Count of Artois (* 1287 )
- Matthaeus Silvaticus , Italian medical writer and botanist (* 1285 )
- Hermann Swerting , German-Gotland Hanseatic merchant and mayor of Visby (* 1280 )
Died around 1342
- Muhammed Uzbek Khan , Khan of the Golden Horde (* 1282 )
- Marsilius of Padua , state theorist and politician (* between 1275 and 1290 )