Calendar overview 1287
Rudolf I proclaimed a
general peace in the Holy Roman Empire .
|1287 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||735/736 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1830/31 (southern Buddhism); 1829/30 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||649/650 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||685/686 (turn of the year February 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||5047/48 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1597/98 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1598/99 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar)||1343/44 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Crown of Aragón / Kingdom of Sicily
- 5th to 21st January : Menorca , the last island of the Balearic Islands to be under Muslim rule , is given by Alfonso III. captured by Aragon in a few days . After a decisive victory by the Christian army on January 17th, the remnants of the Muslim army retreat to the fortress Sen Ageinz , where the document of surrender is signed on January 21st by Abu Umar ibn Said , the last ruler of the Almohads . He is allowed to leave the island with 200 companions.
- April 22nd : Duke Robert von Artois, who ruled for Charles II of Anjou in Sicily , took Agosta . The city is besieged shortly afterwards by the fleet of Jacob of Aragon and surrenders at the end of June after the defeat at Castellamare .
- June 23 : Second naval battle near Castellamare : The Aragonese fleet under Ruggiero di Lauria defeats the Angevin fleet of Charles II in the bay of Naples.
- December 28th : In the Kingdom of Aragon, the Privilegio general de la Unión certifies the right to depose a king who does not respect the Privilegio general , which dates back to 1283 .
Holy Roman Empire
- March: King Rudolf I proclaims a general peace in the Holy Roman Empire .
- June : in Siena the united nobles of the Ghibellines and Guelphs again steal power from the Magistrate of the People ( Popolo ). The Council of Nine now replaces the Council of Twenty-four .
- Autumn: After an uprising by the Viennese patricians , who fear for their privileges, Duke Albrecht I of Austria begins the siege of the city .
- December : The Ghibelline Matteo I. Visconti is elected Capitano del Popolo (People's Captain) in Milan with the help of his uncle, Archbishop Ottone Visconti . During his tenure there was a significant spatial expansion of the city .
- The unexplained death of 16-year-old Werner von Oberwesel near Bacharach on the Middle Rhine , who presumably fell victim to a sexual crime , led to widespread waves of pogroms against the Jews along the river , according to deliberately spread rumors of ritual murder , which are controlled by Christian anti-Judaist prejudices typical of the time Rheins, in which over 100 locations between Emmerich ( Lower Rhine ) and Winterthur ( Upper Rhine ) are involved. The Jewish communities then turn to King Rudolf I , who is convinced of the baselessness of the accusations. He imposed a fine on the murderers of the Jews and ordered that Werner's corpse be cremated to prevent further veneration. However, this instruction is not followed.
- Eberhard I. von der Mark destroys Rauendahl Castle , which presumably belongs to a Hardenberger who makes the area unsafe as a robber baron .
Other events in Europe
- September 10th : The Nestorian monk Rabban Bar Sauma , who was sent as ambassador to the West by the Iranian Ilkhan Arghun , arrives in Paris , where he is received by the French King Philip IV . At the end of October-beginning of November he met the English King Edward I in Bordeaux . Despite the friendly reception he received no binding promise of military aid.
- Guido II. De la Roche becomes Duke of Athens . Since he is still a minor, his mother Helena Angelina Komnenos takes over government affairs. The Duchy of Athens reaches its peak.
- After Tuda Möngke's abdication , Tulabugha becomes Khan of the Golden Horde (until 1290).
- April 20 : The Mameluke Sultan Qalawun snatches Latakia from the Hospitallers .
- July : After Balban's death , his grandson Muizz ud-Din Kaiqabad becomes Sultan of Delhi with the support of the Minister Nizam ud-Din . Bughra , the father of Kaiqabad, gained independence as Nasiruddin Mahmud in Bengal .
- The Mongols of the Chinese Yuan Dynasty under Kublai Khan conquer the Burmese royal city of Bagan . King Narathihapate has to flee, the myth of Bagan as a bridge between heaven and earth is finally destroyed. Numerous temples were demolished during the fighting to build a city wall. The empire ruled from Bagan is divided into several small states. In Upper Burma now dominate the Shan , lower Burma gets back under the control of the Mon .
- The Mongol Qaidu Khan forges a prince union (including the Nestorian Nayan) against Kublai Khan. This can only be broken with great effort in Manchuria .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Rudolf von Habsburg gives Idstein the city charter .
- First mention of Drochtersen , Tamm and Weiskirchen
- The General Chapter of the Dominicans in Bordeaux determines that (due to student unrest) in Paris the guilty will be sent back to their provinces.
- Petrus Johannis Olivi is appointed by the eleventh general minister of the Franciscans , Matthew of Acquasparta , as a lecturer at the religious study of San Croce in Florence .
- Raimundus Lullus (Doctor illuminatus) finishes Blanquerna , a philosophical novel in Catalan (begun in 1282 ).
- August : An earthquake in Brittany destroys a large part of the city of Vannes (note: the quake may also have taken place in 1286).
- December 14th : The Lucia flood breaks in East Anglia , the Zuiderzee and the German North Sea coast , around 50,000 people die.
nature and environment
- Germany: Warm weather, which is why a lot of good wine is pressed
- France: There is a severe summer drought in the country , numerous springs, wells and watercourses are completely dry.
Date of birth saved
- January 24 : Richard Aungerville , Bishop of Durham and English Lord Chancellor († 1345 )
- April 25 : Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March , English nobleman and de facto ruler of England († 1330 )
- June 24th : John Giffard, 2nd Baron Giffard , English nobleman and rebel († 1322 )
- November 2 : Nasr , Emir of Granada († 1322 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- around April 1: Margaret de Clare , Anglo-Irish nobleman († 1333 )
- April: Ibn Nubata , Arab poet († 1366 )
- Friedrich IV. , Burgrave of Nuremberg († 1332 )
- Gaston I , Count of Foix († 1315 )
- Guy de Penthièvre , Count of Penthièvre († 1331 )
- John Hastings , English nobleman († 1325 )
- Robert III , Count of Artois († 1342 )
- Sibyllina Biscossi , Italian tertiary of the Order of Preachers († 1367 )
- Ulrich V , Count of Pfannberg († 1354 )
- Luchino Visconti , regent of Milan († 1349 )
Date of death secured
- 12 / February 18 : Pierre d'Oron , Bishop of Sion
- April 3 : Giacomo Savelli, under the name of Honorius IV Pope (* around 1210 )
- August 29th : Thomas de Clare , English nobleman
- August 31 : Konrad von Würzburg , German lyric poet, epic poet and didactic poet (* between 1220 and 1230 )
- October 19 : Bohemond VII , titular count of Antioch, count of Tripoli (* 1261 )
- October 21 : Stephen Bersted , Bishop of Chichester
Exact date of death unknown
- August: William de Munchensi , English nobleman and rebel (* around 1235 )
- before December 20: William Ferrers , English nobleman (* around 1240 )
- Agnes of Bourbon , Countess of Artois
- Aziz ad-Din Nasafi , Sufi
- Bernhard I , Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (* 1218 )
- Friedrich III. , Count of Leiningen
- Hu Sansheng , Chinese historian (* 1230 )
- Nikolaus Donin , French Franciscan
- Siemomysł , Duke of Kujawy (* 1245 / 48 )
- Werner von Oberwesel , alleged victim of a Jewish ritual murder (* 1271 )
- William de Braose , Bishop of Llandaff.
- William I de la Roche , Duke of Athens
- Ingeborg Eriksdatter , Queen of Norway (* around 1244 )
- John de Vaux , English nobleman and civil servant
- Dharmapala Rakshita , head of the Sakyapa , a school of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1268 )
- Narathihapate , ruler of Bagan in northern Burma (* 1238 )
Died around 1287
- 1286 /1287: Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn , Lord of the Welsh Principality of Powys (* before 1216)
- 1286 , 1287 or 1306 : Adam de la Halle , French poet, composer and troubadour (* around 1237 )