August


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Historic anniversaries
July · August · September
1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th
8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th
15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st
22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28
29 30th 31
Names for August
earlier: Harvesting, Harvesting Moon, Harvesting Month, Bisemond
Lat.  Nom .: Sextilis , later Augustus
Lat.  Gene. : Augusti
The month of August in the chronograph of 354 by the late antique calligrapher Filocalus .
Monthly picture August from the Très Riches Heures . It shows an elegant company going out on a falcon hunt . The long pole that the falconer carries with him served to frighten the prey birds.

The August (Harvest month, ears month, sickle month, Ernting; Latin augustus ) is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar .

Emergence

Date IIII NONAS AVGVSTAS (August 2nd) from the legion camp in Enns (Upper Austria)

August has 31 days and was in the year 8 BC. Named after the Roman emperor Augustus , since he took up his first consulate this month . Under Emperor Commodus the name of the month was changed to Commodus in his honor , after the death of the emperor the month got its old name back.

Emperor Augustus

In the Roman calendar was Augustus originally the sixth month and had before its renaming the name Sextilis (lat. Sextus , the sixth '). In 153 BC However, the beginning of the year was moved to January 1st .

The sextile originally had 29 days and got 31 days through Julius Caesar's reform. The order of the number of days in the following months September , October , November and December (31 and 30 days) was reversed, as otherwise three months (July to September) with 31 days each would have followed one another. Under Emperor Augustus, the month of Sextilis was renamed Augustus in honor of the emperor. The often heard claim that the month of August was only 30 days long in Caesar's original reform calendar and that it was only extended to 31 days in order not to lag behind the month of July, which is named after Julius Caesar, has proven to be a legend.

In leap years , August begins on the same day of the week as February . In common years , however, no other month begins on the same day of the week as August. The male first name August is stressed on the first syllable in contrast to the month name.

Holidays and memorial days

The National Day on August 1, is a Swiss national day is a public holiday.

Assumption of Mary on August 15 is a public holiday in all of Austria, in some cantons of Switzerland, in Saarland and in the predominantly Catholic parishes of Bavaria. As a national holiday, it is also the national holiday of Liechtenstein.

In addition, the peace festival on August 8th is a public holiday in the city of Augsburg. In the rest of German-speaking countries, August does not have any public holidays.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Manfred Clauss : Emperor and God: Rulers Cult in the Roman Empire . Munich: KG Saur Verlag GmbH, night printing of the 1st edition 2001, p. 241 ( limited preview )

Web links

Wiktionary: August  - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : August  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: August  - Sources and full texts