August · September · October
|Names for September|
|earlier:||Holzing, wooden moon, autumn month, first autumn moon, divorce, divorce, angel month|
|Lat. Nom .:||September / 7ber / VIIber|
|Lat. Gene. :||Septembris / 7bris / VIIbris|
The equinox is on September 22nd or 23rd : the sun is in the equatorial plane of the earth and on this day it rises precisely in the east and sets precisely in the west . On one of these two days, astronomically speaking, autumn begins .
Historical German names for September are Scheiding , Herbstmond , Herbsting , Holzmonat and Engelmonat .
In the Roman calendar , September was originally the seventh month ( lat . Septem = seven). 153 BC However, the beginning of the year was brought forward by two months, so that the relationship between name and month count was lost. This is sometimes overlooked when transferring previously used Latin dates (“ 9ber ” and “7ber”).
Renaming in the Roman Empire
In the Roman province of Asia Minor , September was the first month of the year because it was the birthday of Emperor Augustus ( A curious marginal note from world history: this local tradition was later adopted in the Byzantine Empire and was also valid in Russia until 1700 ; only then was the general rules for the beginning of the year ). When the Senate suggested that September should also be renamed in honor of the Emperor Tiberius (like July after Julius Caesar and August after Augustus), Tiberius declined, asking what happened to the thirteenth Caesar. When it was later suggested that the month of September should again be renamed Tiberius after him and the month of October after his mother Livia Drusilla in Livius , Tiberius refused again, this time not to have to accept equality with his mother.
In 37 Caligula renamed September Germanicus after his father . The emperor achieved that his full name Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus was reflected in the month sequence (Gaius) - Julius - Augustus - Germanicus . This feigned honor of the famous general did not last, because after Caligula's death September got its old name back. During the reign of Emperor Domitian , the month was renamed Germanicus again, which again did not prevail. When he took office of Antoninus Pius , the Senate this time suggested a name change to Antoninus ago, but the Emperor refused. Under Commodus , however, September was called Augustus and August was renamed Commodus in his honor . And finally wanted to 275 the Senate September in Tacitus rename (birth month of Emperor Tacitus ), which, however, like all the other renames not prevailed.
Holidays and events in September
In Liechtenstein, the birth of Mary on September 8th is a public holiday.
In German-speaking Switzerland, Mauritian Day on September 22nd in the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden and the Brotherly Clause Festival on September 25th in the canton of Obwalden are public holidays. In the French-speaking canton of Geneva, the Thursday after the first Sunday in September, the Geneva prayer day, is also a public holiday.
In Austria the only public holiday this month is the regional Rupertikirtag on September 24th. It is celebrated in memory of St. Rupert of Salzburg in the province of Salzburg. However, it is a public holiday according to state law , which only affects schools, as well as some offices and authorities.
In Germany there are no public holidays in September.
But is since 1993 on the second Sunday of September as part of the European Heritage Days of European Heritage Day under the motto to touch history held. Other special days can be found in the list of days of remembrance and action .
- September. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 16 : Sea life – speaking - (X, 1st section). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1905, Sp. 17-18 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Harenberg weekly calendar 2005
- Cassius Dio - Book 57. In: uchicago.edu. penelope.uchicago.edu, accessed May 7, 2016 .
- Suetonius • Life of Tiberius. In: uchicago.edu. penelope.uchicago.edu, accessed May 7, 2016 .
- Manfred Clauss: Emperor and God: Rulers Cult in the Roman Empire . 1st edition. Walter de Gruyter, 2001, ISBN 978-3-598-77444-7 , p. 239 .
- Karl Christ: History of the Roman Empire: from Augustus to Constantine . CH Beck, Munich 1995, ISBN 978-3-406-36316-0 , p. 269, 276 ( books.google.com ).
- Manfred Clauss : Emperor and God: Rulers Cult in the Roman Empire . Munich: KG Saur Verlag GmbH, night printing of the 1st edition 2001, p. 241 Manfred Clauss: Emperor and God: cult of rulers in the Roman Empire . Walter de Gruyter, 2001, ISBN 978-3-598-77444-7 .
- Manfred Clauss: Emperor and God: Rulers Cult in the Roman Empire . 1st edition. Walter de Gruyter, 2001, ISBN 978-3-598-77444-7 , p. 241 .
- Manfred Clauss: Emperor and God: Rulers Cult in the Roman Empire . 1st edition. Walter de Gruyter, 2001, ISBN 978-3-598-77444-7 , p. 242 .