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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The battle of Tagliacozzo
The last Staufer Konradin loses the battle of Tagliacozzo against Charles I of Anjou in the battle for Sicily .
1268 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 716/717 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1260/61
Buddhist calendar 1811/12 (southern Buddhism); 1810/11 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Earth Dragon龙 辰 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rabbit 丁卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 630/631 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 646/647
Islamic calendar 666/667 (New Year 9/10 September)
Jewish calendar 5028/29 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 984/985
Malayalam calendar 443/444
Seleucid era Babylon: 1578/79 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1579/80 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1306
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1324/25 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Kingdom of Sicily

Conradin's certificate for Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria, issued on January 10, 1268 in Verona

The last Staufer Konradin set out from his winter quarters in Verona at the beginning of the year, accompanied by Friedrich von Baden and Mastino I della Scala and an army of 3,000 men in the battle for the Kingdom of Sicily towards southern Italy. Earlier, Duke Ludwig the Strict of Bavaria and Count Meinhard II of Gorizia and Tyrol refused to give the Staufer any further help and demanded the settlement of debts before their return, which is why Konradin as Duke of Swabia had a large part of his remaining legal and property claims to Duke Ludwig II of Bavaria had to pledge. Konradin crossed Lombardy and reached Pavia , where he received further reinforcements. In the Kingdom of Sicily there are now the first revolts against Charles of Anjou, supported by Pisa . At the same time, Pope Clement IV was expelled from Rome by the Ghibellines around Senator Henry of Castile .

  • June 25th : Konradin defeats an army of Charles of Anjou near Ponte di Valle.
Charles I and Clement IV
  • June 28 : Charles von Anjou receives the imperial vicariate for Italy from Pope Clement IV , at the same time Konradin is excommunicated.
  • July 24th : After stops in Pisa and Siena , Konradin reaches Rome , where he is warmly received by Henry of Castile , who personally joins Konradin's procession with an army. Together they move further south to unite with the rebellious Saracens in Lucera , which Karl can prevent.
  • August 23 : Konradin von Hohenstaufen loses the battle of Tagliacozzo against Charles I of Anjou in the battle for his Italian legacy . Konradin is able to escape for the time being, but is captured a little later near Astura by his own fiefdom Giovanni Frangipani and handed over to Karl. Karl can then move into Rome, takes over the office of senator and enables the Pope to return to the city.
The public beheading of Conradin in the market square of Naples in 1268, miniature from the Chronica of Giovanni Villani , second half of the 13th century
  • October 29 : Konradin von Hohenstaufen and Friedrich von Baden are executed after a sham trial on the orders of Karl von Anjou on the market square of Naples and then buried in unconsecrated earth. This ended the imperial dynasty of the Hohenstaufen . The execution attracts a great deal of attention and is viewed by the majority of contemporary authors as a “monstrous crime”.

Republic of Venice

Lorenzo Tiepolo's coat of arms

Central and Western Europe

Eastern Europe

Crusader States

City rights and first documentary mentions

Economy, culture and society

science and technology


Clement IV's tomb



Date of death secured

Renier Zens coat of arms

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1268

  • John de Balliol , Scottish nobleman and Guardian of Scotland , founder of Balliol College, Oxford University

Web links

Commons : 1268  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files