Calendar overview 1273
Habsburgs Rudolf I as Roman-German king
ended the German interregnum .
|1273 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||721/722 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1816/17 (southern Buddhism); 1815/16 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||635/636 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||671/672 (turn of the year 17th / 18th July)|
|Jewish calendar||5033/34 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1583/84 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1584/85 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1329/30 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
The choice of king Rudolf I.
- More than a year after the death of Richard of Cornwall , the electors are still unable to agree on a candidate as Roman-German king . A continuation of the interregnum in the Reich , which has lasted for more than two decades, threatens. Pope Gregory X. gives the prince an ultimatum in August. The Archbishop of Mainz and Arch Chancellor Werner von Eppstein then brought two new candidates, Count Siegfried von Anhalt and Rudolf von Habsburg, into the election negotiations. The electors finally agree on Rudolf in September.
- The four Rhenish electors meet in Rhens for a preliminary discussion about Rudolf's election as Roman-German king. Thanks to its favorable border location - the borders of four of the seven electoral principalities meet here: Kurköln , Kurmainz , Kurtrier and the Kurpfalz - Rhens becomes the meeting place of the electors.
- October 1st : Rudolf I is elected Roman-German King. The Bohemian King Ottokar II. Přemysl , who was not present at the election, refused to acknowledge Rudolf. In return, the latter demands the return of empire territories appropriated during the interregnum.
- October 24th : Rudolf and his wife Gertrud von Hohenberg are crowned by Cologne's Archbishop Engelbert II. Von Falkenburg in Aachen Cathedral . Gertrud then changes her name to Anna for an unknown reason . Aachen subsequently became the coronation city of the empire.
- Ludwig the Strict , Count Palatine near Rhine , marries Rudolf's daughter Mathilde after the king's election, Albrecht II of Saxony-Wittenberg marries Rudolf's younger daughter Agnes.
Further events in the empire
- September 23 : The Margraves Johann , Otto and Konrad I of Brandenburg and Duke Mestwin II of Pomerania conclude the contract at the Dragebrücke : In the contract, which came about through the mediation of Bishop Hermann von Kammin , Mestwin II takes the Land Schlawe , Rügenwalde and Stolp in Western Pomerania from the margraves to fief.
- The siege of Xiangyang by Kublai Khan , which has been going on since 1267, ends with a decisive victory for the attacking Mongols , heralding the final fall of the Chinese Song dynasty .
- Sayyid Ajall Shams ad-Din Umar becomes governor of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty in Yunnan Province .
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Bromberg , Brunegg , Buus , Däniken , Dürrenwaldstetten , Eckwil , Ilmenau , Leutwil , Lichtenstadt , Lupfig , Matt , Mönthal , Mülligen , Poppenrod , Rütschelen , Tägertschi , Thalau and Bad Wurzach
- Autumn / Winter: The oldest Steinmetz hut Germany in Strasbourg under the direction of Erwin von Steinbach is the King Rudolf von Habsburg with privileges equipped.
- From Bonaventure (thus former Minister General of the Franciscans ), who was appointed Cardinal Bishop of Albano by Pope Gregory X on May 28th (Pentecost Sunday) , an unfinished series of lectures that he gives in Paris between Easter and Pentecost are as listener posts in the Collationes in Hexaëmeron (talks about the six day work) received.
- Pentecost: At the general chapter of the Dominicans in Pest it is decided that all writings on alchemy should be burned within eight days. Disobedience is punished with imprisonment and excommunication .
- June 8th : The first Corpus Christi procession takes place in Benediktbeuern .
- August: Bertho IV von Bimbach becomes prince abbot of the prince abbey of Fulda after his predecessor Bertho III. von Mackenzell has resigned from office.
- Thomas Aquinas finished his Summa theologica, begun in 1266 , in Naples .
- Pierre de Tarentaise , who later became Pope Innocent V, becomes Cardinal Bishop of Ostia
- The Cistercian monastery Stift Stams is founded by Count Meinhard II of Tyrol and his wife Elisabeth .
- St. Sebald (Nuremberg) is completed.
- Sweetheart Abbey is founded in Scotland .
Date of birth saved
- January 14 : Joanna I , Countess of Champagne and Queen of Navarre and Queen of France († 1305 )
- November 24 : Alphonso, Earl of Chester , English nobleman, heir to the throne of the King of England († 1284 )
- December 15 : Aymon , Count of Savoy († 1343 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abu'l-Fida , Arab chronicler, geographer and Emir of Hama († 1331 )
- David VIII , King of Georgia († 1311 )
- Frederick the Little , Margrave of Dresden († 1316 )
- Marguerite of Anjou-Sicily , Countess of Anjou and Countess of Maine († 1299 )
Born around 1273
Date of death secured
- January 22nd : Muhammad I. ibn Nasr , Emir of Granada (* around 1194 )
- January 25 : Odo von Châteauroux , French theologian and Cardinal Bishop of Frascati (* around 1190 )
- February 12 : Heinrich IV. Von Geroldseck , Bishop of Strasbourg (* around 1220 )
- March 17th : Ita von Entringen , German noblewoman (* 1206 )
- March 25th : Thomas Bérard , Grand Master of the Templar Order
- May 24th : Rudolf of Valpelline , Bishop of Sion
- June 18 : Jean de Cossonay , Bishop of Lausanne
- July 8th : Anno von Sangerhausen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
- September 14th : George de Cantilupe , English nobleman (* 1251 )
- September 15 : Henry of Sandwich , Bishop of London (* before 1205)
- October 9 : Elisabeth of Bavaria , Roman-German queen, queen of Sicily and Jerusalem, countess of Gorizia and Tyrol (* around 1227 )
- October 11th : Hildebold von Wunstorf , Archbishop of Bremen
- December 17th : Jalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī , Persian Sufi mystic, scholar and poet, founder of the Mevlevi Dervish Order (* 1207 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Summer: Nicholas of Calvi , Italian minorite, papal chaplain and bishop of Assisi
- Albert Suerbeer , Archbishop of Armagh, Administrator of Chiemsee, Bishop of Lübeck and first Archbishop of Riga (before 1200)
- Egno of Eppan , Prince-Bishop of Brixen and Trento
- Herkus Monte , Duke of Old Prussian strain of Natang (* around 1225 / 1230 )
- John I , Abbot of Waldsassen
- Robert de Keldeleth , Scottish monk, Abbot of Dunfermline and Melrose, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, Guardian of Scotland
- Rudolf I. , Knight of Praunheim
- Smil von Zbraslav and Střílky , Moravian nobleman and monastery founder, castellan of Prerau and burgrave of Brumov
- William of Tripoli , author and preacher monk of the Dominicans in the convent of Acre (* around 1220 )
Died around 1273
- 1273/ 1274 : Konrad II. , Duke of Silesia and Elect of Passau, Duke of Glogau and Duke of Crossen (* 1232-1235)