Calendar overview 1207
|Albert I of Riga receives Livonia from King Philip of Swabia as a fief.||
Francis of Assisi renounces his father's inheritance
before Bishop Guido II
|1207 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||655/656 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1750/51 (southern Buddhism); 1749/50 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||569/570 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||603/604 (turn of the year July 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||4967/68 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1517/18 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1518/19 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1263/64 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April 1st : Bishop Albrecht I of Riga receives Livonia from King Philip of Swabia as a fiefdom of the Holy Roman Empire. The Order of the Brothers of the Sword receives a third of the territory conquered in Livonia by contract.
- Archbishop Hartwig II. Of Hamburg - Bremen leads a crusade against the Stedinger farmers with papal approval , which ends without success with his death on November 3rd .
- Philipp von Schwaben reaches an agreement with the Bohemian King Ottokar I about the engagement of his five-year-old daughter Kunigunde von Staufen to Ottokar's two-year-old son and successor Wenzel , in order to receive support from Bohemia against Otto von Braunschweig in the German throne dispute . In doing so, he breaks the promise of engagement that he had given the Bavarian Count Palatine Otto VIII von Wittelsbach four years earlier and makes him an enemy.
- Philipp offers his increasingly isolated opponent Otto von Braunschweig to give him his eldest daughter Beatrix as his wife and to enfeoff him with the Duchy of Swabia . Despite his desperate situation, Otto refuses this offer and declares that he only wants to lose his kingship through his death.
- February 4 : The Latin Emperor Heinrich marries in Hagia Sophia Agnes von Montferrat, the daughter of Boniface von Montferrat , King of Thessaloniki and former competitor of his brother in the election for the office of Emperor, and thus reconciles the two Crusader states .
- The Bulgarian Tsar Kaloyan and Theodor I. Laskaris , Emperor of Nicaea , join forces and begin an offensive against the Latin Empire from two sides. Kalojan invades Thrace again and besieges Adrianople , at the same time Laskaris attacks several Latin castles in Asia Minor, both on land and at sea. With a fleet of Venetian and Pisan ships, Heinrich succeeds in relieving the castle of Ciboto, which is by the sea, and in repulsing Laskaris. In April, Kaloyan abandons the siege of Adrianople and withdraws from Thrace after his Cuman warriors fall from him. In the summer Heinrich and Theodor sign a two-year armistice.
- In the summer Heinrich meets with his father-in-law Boniface von Montferrat in Cypsela near Adrianople and receives homage from him as his overlord. On the way back to Mosynopolis , Boniface plundered the Sweti Joan Prodrom monastery , shortly afterwards he was ambushed by the Bulgarians. He is captured and beheaded on September 4th , his head sent to Kaloyan.
- Under the tutelage of his mother Margaret of Hungary, the underage Demetrius von Montferrat succeeds his father Boniface as King of Thessaloniki . This succession arrangement is not without controversy among the followers of Boniface. In particular, a large group of Lombard knights under Oberto II von Biandrate favored the successor to Demetrius' older brother Wilhelm VI. , who succeeds Boniface in the Margraviate of Montferrat , mainly because he is the eldest son of his father and also of the age to lead the fight against Bulgarians and Greeks. The Lombards' revolt, however, was put down by the Latin Emperor Heinrich in favor of Demetrius.
- Autumn: Kalojan dies in the siege of Thessaloniki , possibly murdered by his own people. His brother Boril is elected as his successor .
- The Venetian nobleman Marco Sanudo conquered the island of Naxos and founded the Duchy of Archipelagos there .
- Venice is conquering the island of Crete from Genoese pirates who have established themselves there in recent years. The Venetocracy begins in Crete.
- Garin de Montaigu succeeds the late Geoffrey le Rat as Grand Master of the Order of St. John .
- The crusader Gottfried von Villehardouin receives rule over Mosynopolis in Thrace from Boniface von Montferrat. In the same year he began to write his chronicle Histoire de la Conquête de Constantinople about the conquest and sacking of Constantinople by the crusader army in 1204 .
- Beginning of the year: After the death of Erling Steinvegg , the Baglers elect Philipp Simonsson as King of Norway on the proposal of Archbishop Tore Gudmundsson and Nikolas Arnason , the Bishop of Oslo . At the same time, Inge II rules the country for the Birkebeiner party . However, both sides are already showing a certain degree of war weariness in the Norwegian civil war .
First documentary mentions
- The poet Schota Rustaveli completes the epic The Warrior in a Tiger Skin , commissioned by the Georgian Queen Tamar , today's Georgian national epic .
- Spring: Francis of Assisi breaks with the world in a spectacular scene during a court hearing his father has brought against him before the local bishop Guido II .
- Stephen Langton is led by Pope Innocent III. raised to Archbishop of Canterbury . However, King Johann Ohneland refused him recognition, whereupon he withdrew to the Pontigny monastery .
- Maria von Oignies withdraws to a hermitage.
- The saddell abbey in Scotland and the convent Tautra in Norway are founded.
- April 20 : A fire that broke out on Good Friday and spread rapidly destroys large parts of Magdeburg , including the Magdeburg Cathedral built under Emperor Otto I , the Mauritius Monastery , the North Church and the Imperial Palace. Archbishop Albrecht I von Käfernburg had the ruins of the cathedral torn down and laid the foundation stone for the new cathedral as early as September, for which the stones and pillars of the old late Romanesque cathedral were reused.
Date of birth saved
- September 30th : Jalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī , Persian Sufi mystic, scholar and poet, founder of the Mevlevi Dervish Order († 1273 )
- October 1 : Heinrich III. , King of England, Lord of Ireland and Duke of Aquitaine († 1272 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Elisabeth of Thuringia , Landgrave of Thuringia and saint of the Catholic Church († 1231 )
- Heinrich II , Duke of Brabant and Lower Lorraine († 1248 )
- Raimund II. Trencavel , Vice Count of Carcassonne, Razès and Béziers († around 1265 )
- Ottone Visconti , Archbishop of Milan († 1295 )
Born around 1207
- Helen ferch Llywelyn , cambro-Norman nobleman in the Welsh principality of Gwynedd († 1253 )
- Mechthild von Magdeburg , German Christian mystic († 1282 )
Date of death secured
- February 7th : Sambor I , Duke of Pomerania in his function as Polish governor under the supremacy of the Senior Duke of Cracow (* around 1150 )
- March 15 : Alfonse de Portugal , Grand Master of the Order of St. John (* around 1135 )
- April 7th : Friedrich I , Lorraine nobleman, Lord of Bitsch, Gerbéviller and Ormes (* around 1143 )
- after April 30th: Otto I. , Count of Geldern and Zutphen (* around 1150 )
- May 29th : Bona of Pisa , Pisan Augustinian ruler and mystic (* around 1156 )
- June 8th : Anseau de Garlande , lawyer of the French King Philip II August and Bishop of Meaux
- July 13th : Heinrich IV. Von Heßberg , Bishop of Würzburg
- September 4th : Boniface I , Margrave of Montferrat, leader of the Fourth Crusade, first King of Thessaloniki (* around 1150 )
- September 13th : Nivelon de Chérisy , Bishop of Soissons
- September: Robert II , count of Meulan (* around 1142 )
- October 25 : Cyprian , Bishop of Lebus and Breslau
- November 3 : Hartwig II. Von Utlede , Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and Imperial Prince of Bremen
- November 16 : Walter de Coutances , Anglo-Norman clergyman, Bishop of Lincoln and Archbishop of Rouen, Royal Justiciar for England
- December 30th : Diego de Acebo , Bishop of Osma
Exact date of death unknown
- Beginning of the year: Erling Steinvegg , Norwegian King of the Bagler Party
- Autumn: Kalojan , Tsar of the Bulgarians (* around 1170 )
- Benedictus Faletro , Patriarch of Grado (* before 1180)
- Geoffrey le Rat , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Kujō Kanezane , Japanese regent (* 1149 )
- Kuno I. von Munzenberg , leading ministerial officer in the Holy Roman Empire
- Sarawa Kelden Yeshe Sengge , founder of the Yasang Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism
- Wilhelm II , Count of Jülich