|BL is the abbreviation for the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Roggenburg .|
|Canton :||Basel-Country (BL)|
|District :||To run|
|BFS no. :||2790|
|Postal code :||2814|
|Height range :||457–855 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||6.67 km²|
|Residents:||276 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||41 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Roggenburg, the westernmost municipality in the canton, is Delsberg , the capital of the canton of Jura (beeline). The farming village extends on a north-facing slope above the Lützeltal , in the hilly landscape of the northern Jura .and 8 km north of
The area of the municipal area of 6.7 km² covers a section in the northern Folded Jura . The northern border follows the entire length of the Lützel, which also forms the national border between Switzerland and France . From the Lützeltal, the community area extends south to the Rieji ( ), the local mountain of the village, and to the Hasenschell , which is figured as the highest elevation in the community. The Bösenbach forms the western border . The Roggenburg area is drained eastwards through the Lützel to the Birs . In 1997, 3% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 47% for forests and woodlands and 50% for agriculture.
The hamlet of Sägemühle ( exclave of the canton of Basel-Landschaft, it is only connected to the rest of the canton by one point. Neighboring communities of Roggenburg are Pleigne , Ederswiler , Movelier and Soyhières in the canton of Jura, Kleinlützel in the canton of Solothurn and Kiffis in France., in the Lützeltal) and the houses of Neumühle ( Moulin-Neuf in French ) as well as numerous individual farms belong to Roggenburg . Roggenburg actually forms an
With 276 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Roggenburg is one of the smallest communities in the canton of Basel-Landschaft. 94.0% of the residents are German-speaking, 3.0% French-speaking and 0.4% Italian-speaking (as of 2000).
The community is still predominantly agricultural . There are few jobs outside of the agricultural sector in the village. Many employees (more than 60%) are therefore commuters. Every year, Roggenburg is the venue for an international motocross race.
The community is located away from the major thoroughfares. The main access is from the road through the Lützeltal, which leads through French territory, but is an international road without customs controls. Between Lucelle and Kleinlützel, where the Lützel forms the border between France and Switzerland , a French main road with the status Route international runs along the river. The road crosses the Lützel several times without customs facilities. Customs posts can only be found at the junctions. Roggenburg is connected to public transport on the one hand by a postbus course from Laufen and on the other hand by one from Delsberg via Movelier .
The remains of a Roman watchtower and coins from Roman times have been found in the municipality . The village was first mentioned in 1207 as Rokinberc . The name is derived from the Latin word rogus (pyre, pile of wood) . Roggenburg belonged to the Counts of Thierstein and in 1454 passed to the Duchy of Basel . The plague hit Roggenburg in the 17th century so much that a large part of the population died out. German-speaking residents then came to Roggenburg and replaced the French language. From 1793 to 1815 it belonged to France and was initially part of the Mont-Terrible department , but from 1800 it was linked to the Haut-Rhin department . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern in the district of Delsberg in 1815 .
As a German-speaking community, Roggenburg spoke out against the creation of the Canton of Jura in the Juraplebiscites . Because Roggenburg was a border municipality in the Delsberg district, in contrast to the neighboring municipality of Ederswiler, it was able to enjoy self-determination over canton membership. The residents voted on September 7, 1975 to remain with the canton of Bern, and in 1976 the municipality transferred to the district of Laufen, which had formed a Bernese exclave since the canton of Jura was founded on January 1, 1979.
In the referendums on the accession of the district of Laufen to the canton of Basel-Landschaft in 1983 and 1989, Roggenburg was in favor of remaining with the canton of Bern, but was relatively narrowly outvoted by the rest of the district in the second vote. During the transfer process, Roggenburg again demanded membership of the Bern canton in 1992. Since the individual municipalities did not have the right to self-determination in the connection modalities, the transfer to the canton of Basel-Landschaft took place on January 1, 1994.
coat of arms
Origin and interpretation are not known. The coat of arms appeared at the beginning of the 20th century and was adopted by the municipality in 1944. It is emblazoned as follows : "In silver on a green three-mountain, an upright black ram with red horns and claws."
There has been a church in Roggenburg since the 12th century. The current parish church of St. Martin was built in 1635 in the late Gothic style and changed to Baroque style in the 18th century . Ederswiler in Jura still belongs to the parish of Roggenburg today .
- Official website of the community of Roggenburg
- Patricia Zihlmann-Märki: Roggenburg. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Historical-Biographical Lexicon of Switzerland, 1929