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Coat of arms of Ederswiler
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of JuraCanton of Jura Law (JU)
District : Delémontw
BFS no. : 6713i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 2813
Coordinates : 592 266  /  252 848 coordinates: 47 ° 25 '35 "  N , 7 ° 20' 10"  O ; CH1903:  592 266  /  two hundred and fifty-two thousand eight hundred and forty-eight
Height : 533  m above sea level M.
Height range : 523–870 m above sea level M.
Area : 3.31  km²
Residents: 122 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 37 inhabitants per km²
Website: ederswiler.ch
Saint Anne Chapel

Saint Anne Chapel

Location of the municipality
Frankreich Kanton Bern Kanton Bern Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Basel-Landschaft Bezirk Freiberge Pruntrut (Bezirk) Boécourt Bourrignon Châtillon JU Courchapoix Courrendlin Courroux Courtételle Delémont Develier Ederswiler Haute-Sorne Mervelier Mettembert Movelier Pleigne Rossemaison Saulcy Soyhières Val Terbi JUMap of Ederswiler
About this picture

Ederswiler is a municipality in the Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland .


Ederswiler lies at 553  m above sea level. M. , 7 km north of the canton capital Delsberg (linear distance). The farming village is located in the northern Jura near the border with France , in a valley on the Bösenbach .

The area of ​​the municipal area of ​​3.3 km² includes the valley of the Bösenbach, which drains north to the Lützel ( Lucelle in French ). In the south and south-east the municipality extends to the hills of Berg ( 858  m above sea level ) and Hasenschell ( 870  m above sea level ), the western boundary is the rocky outcrop of Lobberg ( 771  m above sea level ), and in the north, the Jura limestone cliffs of Hallen ( 693  m above sea level ) are enthroned directly above the village . In 1997, 4% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 42% for forests and woodlands and 54% for agriculture.

Several individual farms belong to Ederswiler. Neighboring communities of Ederswiler are Pleigne and Movelier in the canton of Jura and Roggenburg in the canton of Basel-Landschaft .


With 122 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Ederswiler is one of the small communities in the canton of Jura. It is the only German-speaking municipality in the canton. 84.5% of the residents are German-speaking, 10.1% French-speaking and 2.3% Spanish-speaking (as of 2000). French was spoken in the village until 1635. In the 17th century, the plague depopulated the village; then German colonists settled there. Due to its remoteness, Ederswiler is a municipality that has suffered a loss of population in recent decades. The population of Ederswiler was 219 in 1850, and in 1900 it was 124. In the course of the 20th century, the population always fluctuated between 110 and 170 people. Ederswiler does not have its own school; the students attend French-language classes in the Movelier and Soyhières schools .


Ederswiler is still strongly characterized by agriculture today; more than 50% of the workforce is employed in the 1st sector. The rest of the gainfully employed work mainly abroad. Every year an international motocross race takes place in the community.


Ederswiler is located away from the larger thoroughfares; the cantonal road that runs through the village connects Delsberg with the French Ferrette / Pfirt in Alsace . The village is connected to public transport by the postbus lines Delsberg - Roggenburg and Laufen - Roggenburg. With the latter, Ederswiler is the only Jura municipality to be integrated into the Northwestern Switzerland tariff association .


Ederswiler was first mentioned in 1323 as Ernswilre . The village belonged to the parish of Roggenburg, which was under the Bishop of Basel . This handed over the parish 1389 to 1454 the Count of Thierstein as a fief. From 1793 to 1815 Ederswiler belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected with the Département Haut-Rhin . Through the decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to Switzerland and the canton of Bern in 1815 .

In 1974 Ederswiler decided against the creation of a canton of Jura in the Juraplebiscites . However, the municipality had no common border with the administrative district of Laufen at that time , so that it could not determine its canton affiliation itself like all border municipalities, but it borders on Roggenburg , which at that time did not belong to the Laufental . On January 1, 1979, the transfer from the canton of Bern to the newly created canton of Jura was inevitable. For a long time, an exchange of territory was up for debate: Ederswiler should move back to the canton of Bern, while the municipality of Vellerat , which had not been allowed to join the canton of Jura for the same reasons, should now belong to the canton of Jura. However, when the population of the Laufental spoke out in favor of moving to the canton of Basel-Landschaft in 1989, Ederswiler no longer had any common borders with the Bernese municipalities and - although German-speaking - moved to a French-speaking canton.


In the village there is the St. Anna Chapel, which was built in 1857.

Web links

Commons : Ederswiler  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. ^ Historical-Biographical Lexicon of Switzerland, 1929.