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Soulce coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of JuraCanton of Jura Law (JU)
District : Delémontw
Municipal municipality : Haute-Sornei2
Postal code : 2864
former BFS no. : 6723
Coordinates : 587 375  /  239360 coordinates: 47 ° 18 '18 "  N , 7 ° 16' 18"  O ; CH1903:  five hundred and eighty-seven thousand three hundred and seventy-five  /  239360
Height : 605  m above sea level M.
Area : 24.68  km²
Residents: 236 (December 31, 2012)
Population density : 10 inhabitants per km²
Soulce (Switzerland)
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Parish before the merger on January 1, 2013

Soulce was a municipality in the Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland . The former German name Sulz is no longer in use today. On January 1, 2013, it merged with the communities of Bassecourt , Courfaivre , Glovelier and Undervelier to form the new community of Haute-Sorne .


Soulce lies at 605  m above sea level. M. , nine kilometers southwest of the canton capital Delémont (linear distance ). The former street line village extends mainly on the northern side of the Soulce brook in a valley south of the Delsberg basin .

The area of ​​the 14.7 km² municipal area comprises the upper part of the Soulce valley, which lies in the syncline between two Jura chains. In the north the valley is accompanied by the ridge of Le Mont (up to 1080  m above sea level ), in the south by the chain of the Montagne de Moutier . On the latter is 1165  m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of the municipality. The densely forested northern slope of the Montagne de Moutier is subdivided by several erosion valleys in Les Poirchets , Sur le Plain and Envers de Folpotat . The brook Soulce drains the municipality to the west to the Sorne . In 1997, 2% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 70% for forests and woodlands and 28% for agriculture.

Several individual farms belong to Soulce. The neighboring communities of Soulce are Undervelier , Courfaivre , Courtételle and Châtillon in the canton of Jura and Moutier , Perrefitte and Souboz in the canton of Bern .


With 254 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2012) Soulce was one of the smaller communities in the canton of Jura. Of the residents, 82.1% are French-speaking, 17.5% are increasingly speaking German and 0.4 are Italian-speaking (as of 2012). The population of Soulce was 441 in 1850 and 394 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century the population decreased significantly.


The community is still predominantly agricultural . There are few jobs outside of the agricultural sector in the village. Many workers (more than 50%) are therefore commuters.


Soulce is located away from the major traffic routes in a Jura Long Valley that is closed on three sides. The main access road is that from Undervelier , a narrow forest road runs over the Jura chain to the north directly to Courfaivre . The village is connected to public transport by a bus that runs from Bassecourt via Undervelier to Soulce.


The village was first mentioned in 1148 as Sulza in a document from Pope Eugene III. who gives the Moutier-Grandval Monastery the right to tithe in Soulce . In 1486 the place came to the duchy of Basel . Soulce and Undervelier formed one parish until 1745, after which Soulce became independent and, since 1802, also formed an independent parish. From 1793 to 1815 the place belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected with the Département Haut-Rhin . Through the decision of the Congress of Vienna , Soulce came to the canton of Bern in 1815 and to the newly founded canton of Jura on January 1, 1979.


The parish church of Saint-Laurent was built in 1711 in place of a Gothic chapel. The rectory dates from 1802. Since 1747, the water power of the Soulce stream has been used by a mill that was built so that the stream and its side canal flow through directly under the house. The building of the former school was built in 1878.


  • The 300m shooting club of Soulce Société de tir St-Laurent was founded in 1889 and in 2006 again had over 30 members. With four electronic targets, the shooting range has become a smaller one, but with ten young shooters in 2006 it has become a meeting place for young people. The association merged in 2005 with the small caliber association Haute Sorne von Undervelier to form the association AST Haute Sorne Soulce-Undervelier with the sections: ektion 300m St. Laurent 1898; Youth section 300m & 50m; Section 50m small caliber HS the club has today as of 2015 48 passive and active members. 15 active section 300m; 5 active young shooters 300m & 9 active young shooters 50m; 12 Active section 50m.
  • Musikverein La Gaïte is an association that has had 14 members since 2014, consisting of members from the village of Soulce and their associations such as the AST Haute Sorne shooting club. The association's activity is renting its own hall to associations and families based in the village and for music festivals.

Web links

Commons : Soulce  - collection of images, videos and audio files