Bavarian State Opera

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National Theater on Max-Joseph-Platz , the main venue of the Bavarian State Opera

The Bavarian State Opera in Munich is one of the most renowned opera houses in the world and can look back on a remarkable history and tradition. World premieres, which were noted throughout Europe, took place around 1700.


The performances take place in the National Theater on Max-Joseph-Platz, in the Prinzregententheater , in the Alten Residenztheater (Cuvilliés-Theater) or in the Reithalle Munich . The opera house is played by the Bavarian State Orchestra .

The Munich Opera Festival , one of the world's most important music festivals , has also been held here since 1875 .

The detailed history and architecture of the house are described in the article National Theater Munich .


The Bavarian State Opera emerged from the Court Opera , although the Bavarian State Orchestra existed a long time before. Munich's first opera house, the opera house on Salvatorplatz , was expanded at the instigation of Electress Henriette Adelheid of Savoy in 1657 and can therefore be considered the oldest in the German-speaking area (apart from the Vienna Court Opera , which also dates back to the mid-17th century). In 1753 the theater in the Residenz became the main venue, where the court continued to play Italian operas . Mozart's Idomeneo was premiered here in 1781 . When the first standing German theater troupe under Elector Karl Theodor, after the dissolution of the Italian opera, moved as the “National Schaubühne” to the “Electoral Court and National Theater” (as the Old Residence Theater was called from 1795), the dilapidated house on Salvatorplatz was able to do so To be closed in 1799. It was canceled three years later. A large Royal Court and National Theater was then built from 1810 to 1817. It had to be rebuilt twice: once after a major fire in 1823-25 ​​and 1958-63 after the Second World War .

Today the Munich State Opera - together with the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian State Ballet  - offers a dense repertoire with almost 350 operas and ballet performances a year.

World premieres

A publication by the Bavarian State Opera recorded 106 opera premieres between 1818 and 2001. Accordingly, the following list is not to be considered exhaustive.


Term of office Intendant
1824 to 1848 Johann Nepomuk of Poissl
1848 to 1851 Karl Theodor von Küstner
1851 to 1858 Franz von Dingelstedt
1868 to 1892 Karl von Perfall
1893 to 1906 Ernst von Possart
1907 to 1912 Albert Freiherr von Speidel
1912 to 1918 Clemens von Franckenstein
1918 Viktor Schwanneke (interim)
1919 to 1924 Karl Zeiss
1924 to 1934 Clemens von Franckenstein
1934 to 1935 Hans Knappertsbusch (interim)
1935 to 1938 Oskar Walleck
1938 to 1940 Clemens Krauss (State Opera Director)
1945 to 1952 Georg Hartmann
1952 to 1967 Rudolf Hartmann
1967 to 1976 Günther Rennert
1976 to 1977 Wolfgang Sawallisch (interim)
1977 to 1982 August Everding
1982 to 1993 Wolfgang Sawallisch (State Opera Director)
1993 to 2006 Sir Peter Jonas
2006 to 2008 Kent Nagano (overall artistic direction), Roland Schwab and Ulrike Hessler (directorate)
since 2008 Klaus Bachler

Music directors

Unless otherwise stated in the following, the title of the musical director of the court or state opera has been “general music director” since 1836.

Term of office musical director title
1836 to 1867 Franz Lachner
1867 to 1869 Hans von Bülow Hofkapellmeister
1870 to 1877 Franz Wüllner Hofkapellmeister
1872 to 1896 Hermann Levi
1894 to 1896 Richard Strauss Hofkapellmeister
1901 to 1903 Hermann Zumpe
1904 to 1911 Felix Mottl Court Opera Director
1913 to 1922 Bruno Walter
1922 to 1935 Hans Knappertsbusch
1937 to 1944 Clemens Krauss
1945 Hans Knappertsbusch
1946 to 1952 Sir Georg Solti
1952 to 1954 Rudolf Kempe
1956 to 1958 Ferenc Fricsay
1959 to 1968 Joseph Keilberth
1971 to 1992 Wolfgang Sawallisch
1993 to 1998 Peter Schneider Chief conductor
1998 to 2006 Zubin Mehta
2006 to 2013 Kent Nagano
since 2013 Kirill Petrenko

Ensemble members of the past


See also

Web links

Commons : Nationaltheater München  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

References and comments

  1. ^ Power plant of passion - The Bavarian State Opera . Pp. 129-132

Coordinates: 48 ° 8 ′ 22.6 "  N , 11 ° 34 ′ 45.6"  E