Maria Ivogün

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Maria Ivogün (born November 18, 1891 in Budapest , Hungary ; † October 3, 1987 in Beatenberg , Switzerland ; actually Maria Kempner ) was a Hungarian opera singer ( soprano ). In particular, she was an interpreter of Mozart's works .


Maria Ivogün was the daughter of the Austro-Hungarian Colonel Pál Kempner and the Austrian operetta singer Ida von Günther , from whom she derived her stage name ( I da VO n GÜN ter). Due to her mother's second marriage to a Swiss citizen, she spent most of her childhood and youth in Zurich. From 1909 (according to other sources as early as 1907) she began to study singing with Irene Schlemmer-Ambros and acting with Professors Frauscher and Stoll at the Music Academy in Vienna .

When the young soprano sang at the Vienna Court Opera in 1913, she was rejected. However, the court conductor Bruno Walter there recognized her extraordinary talent and engaged her in his new place of work, the Royal Court Opera in Munich . Although Maria Ivogün originally intended to make a career at smaller German theaters, she finally agreed and made her debut in Munich in the role of Mimi in Puccini's La Bohème . Three years later, in 1916, at the express request of the composer Richard Strauss , she sang the Zerbinetta while reworking Ariadne auf Naxos in Vienna . In the same year she took on a sick singer as Queen of the Night from Mozart's Magic Flute , a role for which Maria Ivogün received a lot of attention and with which she laid the foundation for her success.

In 1917 she was awarded the title of Royal Bavarian Chamber Singer . In the same year she sang Ighino in the world premiere of Pfitzner's Palestrina with the tenor Karl Erb in the title role, whom she married in 1921. The artist couple tore the press and audience to frenetic storms of enthusiasm with their art of singing.

Ivogün played leading roles in two other major world premieres in Munich: She sang Laura in the Ring des Polykrates of the then nineteen year old Erich Wolfgang Korngold (premiered March 28, 1916 ) and embodied her in Walter Braunfels ' Die Vögel (premiered December 4, 1920) the Nightingale. In the 1925/1926 season, the celebrated soprano Bruno Walter followed at the Städtische Oper Berlin . There she remained as a permanent member of the ensemble until 1932. In 1932 Maria Ivogün divorced Karl Erb and in 1933 married her pianist Michael Raucheisen .

Numerous concert tours and opera guest performances have taken the soprano to Germany and abroad. She kicked u. a. at the Milan Scala , the Vienna State Opera , the London Covent Garden Opera , the Chicago Opera and the New York Metropolitan Opera . She was also seen at the Salzburg Festival in 1930 in Don Pasquale as Norina . Because of an eye problem, she ended her opera career in 1932 and her career as a song singer in 1934.

Grave of the artist

From 1948 to 1950 Maria Ivogün taught at the Vienna University of Music , after which she became a professor at the Berlin University of Music . She spent her twilight years in Switzerland. The singer found her final resting place at the side of her husband Michael Raucheisen in the city. Cemetery of his hometown Rain , Bavaria .


The soprano Ivogün is considered an influential opera singer of the 20th century. In the period between the two world wars, it contributed significantly to the good reputation of opera performances in Germany throughout Europe. Numerous recordings (together with her first husband, among others) round off her artistic activity.

Maria Ivogün worked as a teacher and mentor to many famous opera and popular music singers. Her students include the opera singers Elisabeth Schwarzkopf , Rita Streich , Evelyn Lear , Thea Linhard , Renate Holm and Helga Kosta . But the popular pop singer Gitta Lind in the 1950s was also a student of the “opera diva”.

Discography (selection)

  • Maria Ivogün - The complete Odeon recordings - 17 unpublished items 1916–1919
  • The golden voice - Maria Ivogün
  • Maria Ivogün sings - LP Records Scala 815 (printed in USA)


Web links