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Coat of arms of Rossemaison
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of JuraCanton of Jura Law (JU)
District : Delémontw
BFS no. : 6721i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 2842
Coordinates : 592 779  /  244 046 coordinates: 47 ° 20 '50 "  N , 7 ° 20' 35"  O ; CH1903:  592,779  /  244 046
Height : 455  m above sea level M.
Height range : 424–629 m above sea level M.
Area : 1.89  km²
Residents: 637 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 337 inhabitants per km²


Location of the municipality
Frankreich Kanton Bern Kanton Bern Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Kanton Basel-Landschaft Bezirk Freiberge Pruntrut (Bezirk) Boécourt Bourrignon Châtillon JU Courchapoix Courrendlin Courroux Courtételle Delémont Develier Ederswiler Haute-Sorne Mervelier Mettembert Movelier Pleigne Rossemaison Saulcy Soyhières Val Terbi JUMap of Rossemaison
About this picture

Rossemaison is a municipality in the Delémont district in the canton of Jura in Switzerland . The former German name Rottmund is no longer used today.


Rossemaison lies at 455  m above sea level. M. , 2 km south of the canton capital Delémont . The village extends on a slope inclined slightly to the north in the central part of the Delsberg basin , a wide depression in the Folded Jura .

The area of ​​the municipal area, which is only 1.9 km² in size, comprises a small section in the central part of the agriculturally intensively used plain of the Delsberg basin. The community area ranges from the to 425  m above sea level. M. lying level of the Sorne , a left tributary of the Birs , to the southeast to the Montchaibeux . This wooded elevation, an isolated hill in the Delsberg basin, forms at 627  m above sea level. M. the highest point of the municipality. In 1997, 12% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 18% for forests and woodlands and 71% for agriculture.

The neighboring municipalities of Rossemaison are Courtételle , Delémont , Courrendlin and Châtillon .


With 637 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Rossemaison is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Jura. 93.4% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.0% German-speaking and 2.2% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Rossemaison was 185 inhabitants in 1850 and 192 inhabitants in 1900. Thanks to the proximity of Delémont, the population has increased continuously over the last few decades. Today Rossemaison has almost merged with the southern commercial and industrial zone of Delémont.


Until the second half of the 20th century, the community was predominantly agricultural. In the last few decades, however, Rossemaison has turned into a residential village, with a large residential zone on the eastern edge of the village. Since there are hardly any jobs in the village outside of the agricultural sector, many workers (around 60%) are commuters, they mainly work in nearby Delémont.


Although Rossemaison is away from through streets, it is still well-developed in terms of traffic. On the northern outskirts of the village, the Delémont bypass runs along the A16 motorway , which is to be connected to both the Swiss national road network and the French motorway network by 2015. The village is served by a bus route from Delémont to Châtillon .


Rossemaison is mentioned for the first time in 1194 as Rondemunt , which goes back to the Latin mons rotundus 'round mountain' (namely the Montchaibeux). In 1462 the name Rosemason also appears . The place belonged to the Moutier-Grandval provost and retained the Catholic faith even after the Reformation . From 1797 to 1815 Rossemaison belonged to France and was initially part of the Mont-Terrible department , from 1800 connected to the Haut-Rhin department . As a result of the decision of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the village came to the canton of Bern to the district of Moutier . The residents of Rossemaison voted in Juraplebisziten always for the creation of the Canton of Jura . As a border community in the district of Moutier, Rossemaison decided in the referendum of September 7, 1975 for the canton of Jura, moved to the Delémont district in 1976 and joined the newly founded canton of Jura on January 1, 1979.


The former Notre-Dame de la Salette chapel was built in 1869–1870. The community's cultural center has been located there since 1983. Rossemaison used to belong to the parish of Courrendlin .


Web links

Commons : Rossemaison  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .